Progress Test 3

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hunter82
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300921
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Progress Test 3
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2015-04-16 13:28:30
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American Government POLS1101
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Flashcards for American Government's Progress Test 3
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  1. A collection of individuals who have shared public interest influencing policy issues
    Interest Groups
  2. The General Major Functions of Interest Groups consist of the recruitment of members, the mobilization of resources, advocacy (promotion of the idea that the group is promoting), public education, the provision of expertise, the provision of support for political causes, political parties, and candidates. True or False?
    True
  3. The Major Categories of Interest Groups in the U.S. consist of association interest groups, ascriptive interest groups, and anomic interest groups. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The Major CATEGORIES of Interest Groups are economic (business, labor), environmental (The Sierra Club), and miscellaneous (The National Rifle Association). The interests groups provided are the Major TYPES of Interest Groups.
  4. These are organizations that are non-economic and non-environmental
    Miscellaneous Interest Groups
  5. This is the largest type of interest group in the U.S. it covers virtually every category of organization--economic, environmental, religious, social, security, and political. Example would be NAACP.
    Association Interest Groups
  6. Membership in these interest groups is based on hereditary factors such as race, nationality, ethnicity, and gender. An Example would be National Organization for Women (NOW).
    Ascriptive Interest Groups
  7. These interest groups have several major characterisitics: these organizations are formed spontaneous in response to a pressing pressure, membership is open to anyone who accepts the cause of the organization, the life span is temporary
    Anomic Interest Groups
  8. The process of trying to influence policy makers to make policy
    Lobbying
  9. The "shot gun" method is where lobbyists immobilize citizens and collectively act. True or False?
    True
  10. The astroturf method is where lobbyists immoblize citizens and collectively act. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The astroturf method is where citizens give the members of Congress the impression you have thousands of people in your group but really you do not
  11. The "rifle" or the "Utah plant manager" method is where the interest group picks the lobbyist that is important with the economy of the congressional district or state. True or False?
    True
  12. The determinants of the political power of interest groups in the US are pluralism, elitism, and classism. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The determinants of the political power of interest groups are the size of the organization's membership, the scope of the organization's operations, material resources, expertise, leadership, and organizational cohesiveness (working together). The ones provided are the nature of interests groups.
  13. The nature of interests groups are pluralism, elitism, and classism. The role of interest groups whose nature is pluralism is each interest group has the same chance to influence policy. The role of interest groups whose nature is elitism is only the elites are able to influence policy. The role of interest groups whose nature is classism is the only upper class is able to influence policy. True or False?
    True
  14. The nature of lobbying the federal government is used to influence the political system. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The nature of lobbying the federal government is used to CORRUPT the political system.
  15. The federal government's regulation of lobbying activities purpose is to control lobbyists. True or False?
    True
  16. Results of this was that a minimal number of individuals registered as lobbyists.
    Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946
  17. This overhauled the lobbying legislation, fundamentally changing the ground rules for those who seek to influence the federal government.
    The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995
  18. This made it where the lobbyists must report quarterly, and the registration threshold is 10,000 in spending per quarter, organizations must report coalization activities if they contribute more than 5,000 to a coalition, and the House and the Senate must now post lobbying information in a searchable file on the Internet.
    The Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007
  19. A group of individuals who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine public policy
    Political Parties
  20. A process in which a substantial group of voters switches party allegiance, producing a long-term change in the political landscape
    Realignment
  21. A decline in party loyalists that reduces long-term party commitment
    Dealignment
  22. A phenomeon that occurs when a group (gender, race, etc.) that is becoming more numerous over time grows large enough to change the politcal balance in a district, state, or country
    Tipping
  23. In order to run for this position must be a natural-born (born in US and parents were born there too) citizen, 35 years old or older, and lived in the country for 14 years
    The President
  24. In order to run for this position must be a citizen for at least nine years, 30 years old or older, and live in the state you want to represent
    The Senate
  25. In order to run for this position, must be a citizen 7 years in the state, 25 years or older, and live in the state you want to represent
    The House of Representatives
  26. The purpose of this is to choose candidates who are trustworthy
    Exploratory Committee
  27. Getting money from the government but you can not accept private donations (This is only available to the presidency)
    Public Option
  28. This a committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special interest groups. They raise and give campaign donations.
    Traditional Political Action Committees (PACs)
  29. These are organizations outside the parties to encourage voter registration and to run issue ads aimed at energizing supporters. So long as these committees do not endorse candidates and disclose the list of donors.
    The 527 Organization
  30. A social welfare group that is not required to disclose the identity of its donors or to report.
    The 501(c)4 Organization
  31. A political organization that aggregates unlimited contributions by individuals and organizations to be independently of candidate committees (basically they bring the contributions from multiple corporations, individuals with the same political values to one campaign ad pool)
    The Super PACs
  32. The issues regulating campaign finance are the hatch act of 1939, the federal elections campaign act (FECA) of 1971, the revised FECA of 1974, and the Bipartianism Campaign Reform Act or McCain-Feingold of 2002. True or False?
    • False: 
    • Correct Answer: The issues regulating campaign finances are "soft money", campaign contributions, candidates' financial contributions to their own campaigns, and expenditures (what should the money be legally spent on). The ones provided are the regulatory regimes.
  33. This restricts the political activities of government employees. It also prohibited a political group from spending more than 3 million in any campaign and limited indvidual contributions to a campaign committee to 5,000.
    The Hatch Act of 1939
  34. This limited the amount that each individual could spend on his or her own behalf.
    The Federal Elections Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971
  35. This ruling on the limitations imposed on the amount of money a candidate could spend on his or her own campaign (Buckley vs Valeo, 1976)
    The Revised FECA of 1974
  36. This made it where the federal level can not impose restrictions on independent expenditures.
    The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act or "McCain-Feingold" of 2002, and the US Supreme Court's ruling in Citizens United vs the Federal Elections Commission of 2010
  37. The major matters pertaining to domestic issues is unemployment, inflation, the budget deficit, the trade deficit, and the national debt. True or False?
    True
  38. The federal government's major sources of revenues are fiscal policy and monetary policy. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The federal government's major sources of revenues are the federal income tax, corporate tax, income from leases for land, etc.; fees for various services (immigration fees). The ones provided are the federal government's economic policies.
  39. The federal government's major economic policies are fiscal policy and monetary policy. Fiscal policy's nature is spending and taxes and the institution that manages this policy is Congress and the Presidency. Monetary policy's nature is controlling the rate of growth of the money supply and the institutions that manages this policy is the Federal Reserve System.True or False?
    True
  40. The powers of the Federal Reserve System are altering credit markets, employment, and the rate of inflation (money expansion and contraction). True or False?
    True
  41. The nature of the American Health Care System is universal health care system. True or False?
    • False:
    • Correct Answer: The nature of the American Health Care System is market-based health care system.
  42. This was created under President Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society Program" which was a series of social programs made to fight poverty. In order to eligible for this you must be a US resident 65 years or older. This is funded by a tax on employee and employer wages and salaries.
    Medicare
  43. This was created under President Lyndon Johnson. In order to be eligible for this you must be poor. This is funded by federal government and state government.
    Medicaid
  44. This was created under President Obama part of the Obama Administration. What this does is covers individuals through healthcare plans by employers, pay themselves, or subsidies. The controversy over this is whether the federal government should have a stand in healthcare or not.
    The Affordable Health Care Act or "Obamacare"
  45. This was created by President Roosevelt in the 1930s part of his New Deal Program. The purpose of this was the federal government's retirement program. In order to be eligible for this you must be a US citizen who has worked 62 years or more, dependent children until the age of 18. This is funded through employee and employers wages and salaries.
    Social Security
  46. This was created by Bush Senior Administration. This set legal limits on pollution and if you stay within the amount you can sell your excess to other businesses.
    "Cap and Trade Policy"
  47. This is when someone who arrive in the US legally as a visitor but has stayed over three months.
    "Out of Status" Immigrants
  48. This was created under the Reagan Administration where any immigrants in US hee legally or not come out of the shadows and get registered with no penalty.
    The 1982 Amnesty Program
  49. This was created in 2011 (was not passed by the House) and the focus of this bill was those in the US illegally will come out of the shadows and register, they will pay a fine, they will be given a work permit, they will be eligible to apply for permanent resident status, and they will be eligible to apply for US citizenship after 10 years.
    The Bipartisan Senate Immigration Bill of 2011
  50. The focus of this is to suspend the deportation of law-abiding immigrants, who are in the US illegally, but deport those who commit crimes, especially felonies.
    President Obama's Executive Order

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