Human Anatomy Chapter 28 Reproductive System

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dahotstuff30
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Human Anatomy Chapter 28 Reproductive System
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2015-05-05 10:13:57
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homologues anal triangle pubic region ovaries
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Human Anatomy Chapter 28 Reproductive System
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  1. Adult male and female reproductive structures derived from common developmental structures and serving a common function in both sexes are called

    A)sexually indifferent
    B)homologues
    C)primordia
    D)all of the above
    B)homologues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following arenot reproductive organs?

    A)gonads
    B)mammary glands
    C)gametes
    D)external genitalia
    C)gametes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Puberty begins when which hormone is secreted by the hypothalamus?

    A)hCG
    B)GnRH
    C)FSH
    D)LH
    B)GnRH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In both sexes, the area between the thighs that is circumscribed by the pubic symphysis, ischial tuberosities, and coccyx is called the

    A)perineum
    B)pubic region
    C)urogenital triangle
    D)anal triangle
    A)perineum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Located within the pelvic cavity lateral to the uterus, the small organs that produce oocytes and female sex hormones are the

    A)uterine tubes
    B)ovaries
    C)ampullae
    D)fimbriae
    B)ovaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Oocyte development, or ____________, occurs on a monthly basis as part of the ovarian cycle, within specialized structures called ____________.

    A)oogenesis, ovarian follicles
    B)ovulation, corpora lutea
    C)ovulogenesis, oogonia
    D)meiosis, polar bodies
    A)oogenesis, ovarian follicles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Ovulation is induced only when there is a peak in secretion of which hormone?

    A)estrogen
    B)progesterone
    C)FSH
    D)LH
    D)LH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What marks the end of the luteal phase of the ovarian cycle?

    A)ovulation
    B)a surge in estrogen and progesterone levels
    C)menstruation
    D)a sudden drop in LH and FSH levels
    C)menstruation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The main event that occurs in the ovaries during childhood is

    A)atresia of primordial follicles
    B)formation of secondary oocytes
    C)completion of metaphase II by some oocytes
    D)hormonal fluctuations caused by follicular growth
    A)atresia of primordial follicles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which one of the following does not accurately describe the uterine tubes?

    A)the muscularis contains a circular and a longitudinal layer of smooth muscle
    B)each is covered and suspended by the mesosalpinx
    C)the lumen is lined with a ciliated columnar epithelium
    D)a tough, fibrous adventitia forms the outer layer of the wall
    D)a tough, fibrous adventitia forms the outer layer of the wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Fertilization of an oocyte typically occurs in which segment of the uterine tube?

    A)infundibulum
    B)ampulla
    C)interstitial segment
    D)isthmus
    B)ampulla
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. From superior to inferior, the structural parts of the uterus are the

    A)isthmus, fundus, body, and cervix
    B)fundus, body, isthmus, and cervix
    C)cervix, isthmus, body, and fundus
    D)body, fundus, cervix, and isthmus
    B)fundus, body, isthmus, and cervix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What are the three tunics of the uterus, from external to internal?

    A)myometrium, stratum basalis, stratum functionalis
    B)stratum basalis, stratum functionalis, endometrium
    C)perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
    D)endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium
    C)perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle, elevated progesterone levels result in

    A)increased vascularization and development of the uterine glands
    B)wholesale destruction of the functional layer of the endometrium
    C)increased secretion of LH and FSH by the anterior pituitary
    D)initial restoration of the functional layer of the endometrium
    A)increased vascularization and development of the uterine glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Estrogen is secreted by which of the following?

    A)ovarian follicles (before ovulation)
    B)corpus luteum (after ovulation)
    C)placenta (during pregnancy)
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  16. Levels of which hormone drop dramatically as the corpus luteum degenerates, triggering the onset of menses?

    A)FSH
    B)estrogen
    C)progesterone
    D)LH
    C)progesterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following isnot a function of the vagina?

    A)serves as the passageway for menstruation
    B)functions as the birth canal during childbirth
    C)receives the penis during sexual intercourse
    D)produces a basic secretion that activates sperm
    D)produces a basic secretion that activates sperm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The mammary glands are characterized by all of the following except

    A)suspensory ligaments structurally link the breast and pectoralis major muscle
    B)a single lactiferous sinus opens onto the surface of each nipple
    C)one lactiferous duct receives milk from all of the lobules in each lobe
    D)each gland has a number of lobes, with several lobules in each lobe
    B)a single lactiferous sinus opens onto the surface of each nipple
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What is the primary function of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)?

    A)stimulates development and maturation of ovarian follicles
    B)initiates and maintains growth of the functional layer of the endometrium
    C)triggers continued production of progesterone by the corpus luteum
    D)stimulates the anterior pituitary to produce and secrete FSH and LH
    C)triggers continued production of progesterone by the corpus luteum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In the male, the gonads are

    A)androgens
    B)the external genitalia
    C)spermatozoa
    D)the testes
    D)the testes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The spermatic cord contains which of the following?

    A)ductus deferens
    B)testicular artery and nerve
    C)pampiniform plexus
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  22. The epididymis functions to

    A)store sperm until they are fully mature and capable of being motile
    B)isolate old or defective sperm so that they can be expelled from the body
    C)secrete one of the three major components of seminal fluid
    D)all of the above
    A)store sperm until they are fully mature and capable of being motile
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which structure penetrates the prostate gland to empty into the urethra?

    A)ejaculatory duct
    B)seminal vesicle
    C)ductus deferens
    D)ampulla
    A)ejaculatory duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which selection lists only accessory glands of the male reproductive system?

    A)epididymis, vestibular glands, and prostate gland
    B)bulbourethral glands, prostate gland, and seminal vesicles
    C)bulbourethral glands, prostate gland, and epididymis
    D)prostate gland, vestibular glands, and seminal vesicles
    B)bulbourethral glands, prostate gland, and seminal vesicles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. In the testes, sperm are produced within the highly convoluted ____________, while androgens are produced by the ____________.

    A)seminiferous tubules; sustentacular cells
    B)seminiferous tubules, interstitial cells
    C)efferent ductules; mediastinum testis
    D)rete testis; lobules
    B)seminiferous tubules, interstitial cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. During the physical maturation of sperm, or ____________, developing spermatids are embedded within the cytoplasm of large ____________.

    A)spermiation; secondary spermatocytes
    B)spermatogenesis; interstitial cells
    C)spermiogenesis; sustentacular cells
    D)meiosis II; spermatogonia
    C)spermiogenesis; sustentacular cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Semen normally contains which of the following?

    A)products of each accessory gland as well as the testes
    B)trace amounts of blood and urine
    C)an average of 2 to 5 million spermatozoa per ejaculation
    D)all of the above
    A)products of each accessory gland as well as the testes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. In male sexual function, parasympathetic innervation is responsible for ____________, while sympathetic innervation promotes ____________.

    A)flaccidity; arousal
    B)sensitivity; aggression
    C)erection; ejaculation
    D)ejaculation; erection
    C)erection; ejaculation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which part of the penis is removed during circumcision?

    A)corpus cavernosum
    B)corpus spongiosum
    C)prepuce
    D)crus
    C)prepuce
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Caused by declining levels of sex hormones between the ages of 50 and 60, the male ____________ is somewhat like menopause in females, although not as abrupt.

    A)erectile dysfunction
    B)prostate enlargement
    C)impotence
    D)climacteric
    D)climacteric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is closest to the average ratio of male to female gametes produced annually by a typical man and woman during their reproductive years?

    A)30 million to 1
    B)100 million to 1
    C)100,000 to 1
    D)3 billion to 1
    D)3 billion to 1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. All of the following pairs are female and male homologues except the

    A)clitoris and glans of the penis
    B)labia majora and scrotum
    C)vestibular glands and seminal vesicles
    D)ovaries and testes
    C)vestibular glands and seminal vesicles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Considering the relative positions of the vesicouterine pouch and surrounding structures,vesico most likely refers to which one of the following?

    A)the rectum
    B)a peritoneal fold
    C)the urinary bladder
    D)anterior side of the uterus
    C)the urinary bladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which selection does not correctly match the ligament with the organ it supports?

    A)round ligament, uterus
    B)suspensory ligament, ovary
    C)cardinal ligament, uterus
    D)mesosalpinx, ovary
    D)mesosalpinx, ovary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The name of which ovarian structure reflects a misconception by early anatomists?

    A)corpus luteum
    B)corpus albicans
    C)tunica albuginea
    D)germinal epithelium
    D)germinal epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. At birth, a baby girl's ovaries contain

    A)up to ten times as many primordial follicles as they will at puberty
    B)both a and b are true
    C)well over a million primary oocytes arrested in prophase II of meiosis
    D)mostly primordial follicles, but also a few primary and secondary follicles
    A)up to ten times as many primordial follicles as they will at puberty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which type of cell may be housed in at least four different types of follicles?

    A)ovum
    B)oogonium
    C)secondary oocyte
    D)primary oocyte
    D)primary oocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. On average, how many mature ova does a healthy, nonpregnant woman produce each year between puberty and menopause?

    A)0
    B)24
    C)12
    D)1
    A)0
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which sequence correctly traces events and products of the ovarian cycle?

    A)ovulation > primary follicles > corpus luteum > secondary & vesicular follicles
    B)ovulation > primary & secondary follicles > corpus luteum > vesicular follicle
    C)primary & secondary follicles > vesicular follicle > ovulation > corpus luteum
    D)corpus luteum > ovulation > primary & secondary follicles > vesicular follicle
    C)primary & secondary follicles > vesicular follicle > ovulation > corpus luteum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The end of the ____________ phase of the ovarian cycle coincides with the end of the ____________ phase of the uterine cycle.

    A)luteal; secretory
    B)luteal; menstrual
    C)follicular; secretory
    D)follicular; proliferative
    A)luteal; secretory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Regardless of the specific cause, pain accompanying the loss of the endometrial stratum functionalis is known as

    A)dysmenorrhea
    B)endometriosis
    C)salpingitis
    D)menorrhagia
    A)dysmenorrhea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. FSH is to the ____________ phase of the ovarian cycle as ____________ is to the menstrual and proliferative phases of the uterine cycle.

    A)luteal; progesterone
    B)follicular; progesterone
    C)luteal; estrogen
    D)none of the above
    A)luteal; progesterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. If fertilization and implantation both occur successfully, the corpus luteum

    A)typically continues to secrete progesterone through the third month of pregnancy
    B)transforms into a corpus albicans soon after the placenta is fully functional
    C)is no longer needed because of hormones produced by the pre-embryo
    D)both b and c are true
    D)both b and c are true
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which one of the following correctly matches the hormone with its effects?

    A)GnRH stimulates production of estrogen (female) or testosterone (male)
    Which one of the following correctly matches the hormone with its effects?A)GnRH stimulates production of estrogen (female) or testosterone (male)
    B)LH stimulates ovulation (female) or spermatogenesis (male)
    C)FSH initiates and maintains development of accessory sex organs (both sexes)D)estrogen stimulates oogenesis (female only)
    C)FSH initiates and maintains development of accessory sex organs (both sexes)
    D)estrogen stimulates oogenesis (female only)
    A)GnRH stimulates production of estrogen (female) or testosterone (male)
  45. A drug that stimulates the pituitary to produce LH and FSH might be useful as a

    A)contraceptive for either sex
    B)male contraceptive
    C)female contraceptive
    D)fertility drug
    D)fertility drug
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which structure involved in maintaining the optimal temperature for sperm development is theoretically under voluntary control?

    A)dartos muscle
    B)epididymis
    C)tunica vaginalis
    D)cremaster muscle
    D)cremaster muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Tight junctions between ____________ form a barrier similar to that formed by astrocytes and continuous capillaries in the CNS.

    A)sustentacular cells
    B)interstitial cells
    C)Leydig cells
    D)spermatogonia
    A)sustentacular cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which of these cells are haploid? (1) spermatogonia (2) primary spermatocytes (3) secondary spermatocytes (4) spermatids (5) spermatozoa

    A)1, 2, and 3

    B)2, 3, 4, and 5
    C)3, 4, and 5
    D)4 and 5 only
    C)3, 4, and 5
  49. After leaving the testes, spermatozoa pass sequentially through the

    A)epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, and urethra
    B)epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicle, and ejaculatory duct
    C)seminiferous tubule, rete testis, efferent ductule, and epididymis
    D)membranous urethra, prostatic urethra, and spongy urethra
    A)epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, and urethra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Among the enzymes found in semen, ____________ secreted by the ____________ is an antibiotic that combats urinary tract infections in males.

    A)PSA; prostate gland
    B)prostaglandin; seminal vesicles
    C)seminalplasmin; prostate gland
    D)mucin; bulbourethral glands
    C)seminalplasmin; prostate gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. How would a radical prostatectomy alter a man's semen?

    A)no significant effect on volume or composition
    B)volume almost unchanged but more acidic
    C)lower volume, same pH, but no viable sperm
    D)lower total volume and more alkaline
    D)lower total volume and more alkaline
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. What is the most frequently reported bacterial STD in the United States?

    A)gonorrhea
    B)genital herpes
    C)chlamydia
    D)syphilis
    C)chlamydia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. A male pseudohermaphrodite is an individual who

    A)is virilized at birth, regardless of genetic sex
    B)has two X chromosomes and masculinized genitalia
    C)has both testes and ovaries but ambiguous external genitalia
    D)has a Y chromosome and female-like external genitalia
    D)has a Y chromosome and female-like external genitalia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Of the two pairs of urogenital ducts present in the sexually indifferent embryo, in the ____________ only the ____________ ducts persist to form reproductive structures.

    A)female; mesonephric
    B)male; paramesonephric
    C)female; paramesonephric
    D)fetus; mesonephric
    C)female; paramesonephric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. In the male fetus, the testes are slowly "reeled" into the scrotum by the

    A)rete testis
    B)dartos muscle
    C)gubernaculum
    D)cremasteric fascia
    C)gubernaculum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. In the male, what cells produce androgens?

    A)spermatogonia
    B)All of these are correct.
    C)sustentacular cells
    D)interstitial cells
    D)interstitial cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. All of the following organs produce a component of seminal fluid except the

    A)prostate gland.
    B)seminal vesicles.
    C)bulbourethral glands.
    D)testes.
    D)testes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Spermatogonia divide by mitosis to form a new spermatogonium and

    A)zygotes.
    B)spermatids.
    C)a primary spermatocyte.
    D)a sperm.
    C)a primary spermatocyte.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Sperm are stored in the _____, where they remain until they are fully mature and capable of motility.

    A)rete testis
    B)epididymis
    C)ductus deferens
    D)seminiferous tubule
    B)epididymis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. The female homologue to the penis is the

    A)clitoris.
    B)vagina.
    C)labia minora.
    D)labia majora.
    A)clitoris.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Ovulation occurs due to a dramatic “peak” in which hormone?

    A)FSH
    B)prolactin
    C)LH
    D)progesterone
    C)LH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Which statement is true about the uterus?

    A)The myometrium is composed of several layers of skeletal muscle.
    B)The round ligament is peritoneum that drapes over the uterus.
    C)The cervix projects into the vagina.
    D)The basal layer of the endometrium is shed each month during menses.
    C)The cervix projects into the vagina.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which structure contains a primary oocyte, several layers of follicle cells, and an antrum?

    A)secondary follicle
    B)primary follicle
    C)primordial follicle
    D)vesicular follicle
    A)secondary follicle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The most anteriorly placed structure in the female perineum is the

    A)labia minora.
    B)cervix.
    C)mons pubis.
    D)vaginal orifice.
    C)mons pubis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. The paramesonephric ducts in the embryo form which of the following?

    A)seminal vesicle
    B)uterine tubes and uterus
    C)ductus deferens
    D)ovary
    B)uterine tubes and uterus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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