World Civ quiz 1-3

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  1. The domestication of plants and animals is a hallmark of what?
    the neolithic era
  2. What is the significance of Çatal Hüyük?
    it is the site of one of the first cities
  3. Where were the earliest civilizations located?
    in river valleys
  4. The first complex society was developed in the southern Mesopotamian land of _______.
  5. Who created the first empire in Mesopotamia?
    Sargon of Akkad
  6. A Mesopotamian stepped pyramid is known as a ____________.
  7. Who established Babylonian dominance over much of Mesopotamia?
  8. For what is Hammurabi is best known?
    code of laws
  9. In the __________ , the oldest existing literary work, a king strives for power and immortality.
    Epic of Gilgamesh
  10. The Babylonians eventually fell in 1595 B.C.E. to whom?
    the Hittites
  11. (True or False)King Nebuchadnezzar revived the kingdom of Babylonia and rebuilt the city of Babylon.
  12. What is Sumerian writing called?
  13. Monotheism was the distinct tradition of the __________.
  14. What does the word Mesopotamia mean?
    "the land between the rivers"
  15. By what name was the Hebrew God known?
  16. The area of the first great civilizations received enough rainfall for
    growing grain and to feed grazing animals. What is this area called?
    the Fertile Crescent
  17. The first simplified alphabet, containing only twenty-two letters, was created by the ____________.
  18. (True of False)The Hebrew religion began a religious tradition that revolutionized the world that followed it.
  19. The most influential ancient Indo-European migrants into southwest Asia were the ___________.
  20. The construction of light, horse-drawn war chariots and the refinement
    of iron metallurgy were technological innovations of which people?
  21. The Greek historian Herodotus used the phrase “the gift of the ________” to describe Egypt.
  22. Tradition holds that Egypt was united around 3100 B.C.E. by which conqueror?
  23. Which statement describes Pharaohs in the Middle Kingdom?
    they were less powerful than pharaohs of the Old Kingdom
  24. The conqueror Menes founded ________, a city that would serve as the capital for early Egypt, around 3100 B.C.E.
  25. (True or False)The African kingdom of Buganda is the earliest-known literate & politically unified civilization in Africa after the pharaohs’ rule of Egypt.
  26. Who were the Hyksos?
    external invaders who helped bring about the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
  27. Which statement describes the cult of Amon-Re?
    it honored a combination of the Egyptian sun gods
  28. Who was the Egyptian god of the underworld?
  29. Which tribes began to spread their language and agricultural techniques throughout Africa as early as 3000 B.C.E.?
    the Bantu
  30. Where was original homeland of the Indo-Europeans most likely?
    southern Russia
  31. What was the earliest known civilization in India?
  32. What was Mohenjo-daro?
    One of the two main cities of Harappan society
  33. Who were the Aryans?
  34. Where does the most of our information about the early Aryans come from?
  35. (True or False)The most important Aryan Veda is the Rig Veda.
  36. What term the Aryans use to refer to social classes?
  37. (True of False)The caste system led to much social instability.
  38. What were the Upanishads?
    commentaries and reflections on the Vedas
  39. (True of False)In the Upanishadic world view, existence was a linear concept that started with birth and ended with death.
  40. Which river valley hosted the origins of early Chinese civilization?
  41. (True or False)Bronze metallurgy in China likely developed as a result of communication with Mesopotamia?
  42. Which Chinese dynasty laid the foundation for principles of government and political legitimacy?
  43. Why is the mandate of heaven important?
    It allowed the ruler to serve as a link between the heavens and the earth.
  44. How many characters comprised the written language during the Shang period?
    Approximately 3000 Characters
  45. (True or False)It is believed that Asian immigrants reached North America via the Bering land bridge.
  46. What was the staple food of Mesoamerica?
  47. The first complex society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later societies, was the ________.
  48. Who were the earliest heirs of the Olmecs?
  49. What was the most important political center of the Maya realm at its height?
  50. In the ninth century CE, a loose Maya empire was constructed by the state of _______.
    Chichen Itza
  51. Which of the following mathematical concepts, essential for positional notation and the manipulation of large numbers, was invented by Maya mathematicians?
  52. Where was the Pyramid of the Sun located?
  53. Which statement best describes the Chavin Cult?
    It enjoyed enormous popularity in the central Andes
  54. Which is the first Mesoamerican civilization for which we have written records and archeological evidence?
  55. The Austronesian-speaking peoples became the first human settlers on which large island off the east African coast?
  56. Which statement accurately describes the Lapita people?
    They were the first Austronesian migrants to establish human settlements in the Pacific islands
  57. What is another name for the Iranian people?
    Medes and Persians
  58. Which of the following was not a major Persian dynasty?
  59. Who founded the Achaemenid empire?
  60. Who was the greatest Achaemenid empire?
  61. What advantage did the 1600-mile Royal Road provide to the Achaemenids?
    All of the above
  62. What people did Darius allow to return to their capital city and rebuild their temple?
  63. What was the key to economic success in the Achaemenid empire?
    pax Achaemenica
  64. Which Greek leader conquered the Achaemenid empire in 334 BCE?
    Alexander the Great
  65. Why was the Parthian rule significant?
    Because its nationalistic emphasis was emulated by later peoples
  66. (True of False) The Sasanids believed they were the rightful heirs to the Achaemenid empire.
  67. Who was the prophet/reformer of Iranian religions?
  68. The collection of Confucian sayings and teachings is known as what?
  69. What did Confucius believe about political and social harmony?
    They arose from the proper ordering of human relationships
  70. The most influential post-Confucian philosopher, who served as the chief spokesman for Confucius's philosophy was_____________.
  71. Which belief was at the heart of Mencius's philosophy?
    Human nature was essentially good
  72. Which Chinese philosopher proposed that only a strong social discipline would bring society into order?
  73. Who is considered to be the traditional founder of Daoism?
  74. Which political philosophy called for clear and strict laws?
  75. What was the ultimate goal and achievement of legalism?
    The unification of China
  76. (True or False) The Qin Dynasty maximized its rule through a decentralized bureaucracy.
  77. Whose tomb contained thousands of terra-cotta soldiers?
    Qin Shihuangdi
  78. (True of False)The Han dynasty embraced Confucian as its official course of study.
  79. Whose conquests helped Chandragupta Maurya establish the first Indian empire?
    Alexander the Great
  80. Which of the following features describe the Mauryan Dynasty as developed by Ashoka?
    All of the above
  81. Which of the following is NOT a legacy of the Mauryan empire?
    strong, decentralized administration
  82. (True or False) Jainism advocates that a person's most important duty is to cause no harm or pain to any being that can feel pain.
  83. (True of False) Jainism embraced the caste distinctions in Indian society.
  84. What religious and/or philosophical practices developed in the post-Mauryan era?
    Hindu tradition and Buddhist practices
  85. (True of False) Horses and silk are two of the luxury goods India produced?
  86. (True or False) Buddha taught a religion, not a philosophy.
  87. (True or False) Buddhism is one of India's greatest contributions to the world.
  88. (True of False) The hierarchical character of Indian society is intimately connected to Hindu religion.
  89. (True or False) Hinduism gradually replaced Jainism in Indian society.
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World Civ quiz 1-3
2015-04-22 03:53:16
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