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What is Calvin's definition of faith?
Faith is a firm and certain knowledge of God’s benevolence toward us, founded upon the truth of the freely given promise in Christ, both revealed to our minds and sealed upon our hearts through the Holy Spirit.
God chooses blessings to give to his people, specifically salvation
Old man/New man: old nature/new nature
The old man is our being in Adam, with eh family nature and state. The new man is in Christ, with a new nature made alive, the old nature crucified, and a new state and relationship with God.
- - God's unmerited favor
- - God's empowerment for growth and service; equipping
- - God's cleansing from sin
- - Spiritual gifts
- - Grace isn't fair
What happens if one of the elements of grace is not present?
You have legalism, license or laziness
God restores to the sinner the ability to make favorable response to God. It makes it possible for all to be saved by a free choice.
Effectual (particular, irresistible) grace
Th gracious act of the Holy Spirit within the heart of the elect which infallibly leads to conviction of sin and belief in the Gospel
The declaration of righteousness, having a right standing with God, even thought we are actually unrighteous
- 1. Being set apart for God and/or his service
- 2. The progression of one's ethical and moral state to conform to Christ
3 dimensions of faith
- 1. notitia-knowledge
- 2. assess - assent
- 3. Fiducia - trust, commitment
Before the foundation of the world, God, on the basis of foreknown human faith, chose in Christ individuals to be heirs of eternal life.
Before the foundation of the world, God chose certain individuals to be recipients of eternal life solely on the basis of His gracious purpose apart form any human merit or action or future faith
God's non-redemptive goodness extended to all persons
What are the characteristics of conversion?
And act of faith which results in turning from sin to a new life in following Christ.
A change of mind about who is God and what is truly important in my life
Passages of the New Covenant / New Heart prophesied and proclaimed
- Eze 36:25-28; Jer 31:31; Deut 30
- John 1:3, 3; 1 Pet 1:23; Tit 3:3-7
Simul justus et peccator
At the same time, righteous and a sinner
State and Defend: prevenient grace and effectual grace. Clarify your position on John 6:44 and John 12:32 and on 'helco' - drag and attract
Effectual Calling based on Romans 8:28-30, Eph 1
State and Defend: How do I deal with sin in my life as I pursue maturity? Deal with Romans 6-8, Gal 2:20, 5:16-25. Clarify sanctification as setting apart and as moral cleansing, indicative-imperative as well as the roles and responsibilities of the Spirit and the Believer
State and defend: 'Can a truly regenerate person lose his or her salvation. At a minimum you must deal clearly with John 10 and 15, Romans 8, Hebrews 6 and 10. Be sure to respond to the passages and opponent would raise.
The Adamic nature is done away with upon a second baptism, a second grace
Keswick model of sanctification
The Adamic nature remains, but is overpowered powerfully by the Holy Spirit in the life of the believer who has a strong lordship / surrender experience.
The believer is transformed incrementally as they have experiences with God
The believer is transformed as they have strongholds in their lives taken care of by a deliverance specialist
Indicatives and Imperatives
- Indicatives are statements that are true of us
- Imperatives as commands we are supposed to follow now that the indicatives are true
Embracing Freedom in God's love and forgiveness
- Confess your sin, fully and openly
- Accept God's forgiveness and cleansing
- Put off the old self
- Put on the new self
The difference between acceptance and approval
- Acceptance is based on Christ.
- Approval is based on us and our works and attitudes.
The ground of justification
- Alien righteousness - the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, alien from us.
- By grace through faith.
The nature of justification
Explain New Covenant Sanctification model
- Believers receive a new identity and a new heart at conversion. As they live out that new reality, the progressively mature into the likeness of Christ. Whey they stop and think, especially in community, and then do what will make them most deeply happy, they will almost always do the right thing.
- This isn't saying that we have pure motives, but that we can choose the right thing, i think.
- The logical order of the events of salvation
- In Calvanism, regeneration occurs before conversion and grace comes after calling.
- In Alminianims and Wesleyanism, regeneration comes after conversion. Also, grace comes before calling.
- God's redemptive story throughout history
- Your own personal story of God's redemption
Threefold mission of the church
- Exaltation of God
- Evangelism to non-believers
- Edification of believers