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In the House of Representatives, the distribution of seats among the states on the basis of their respective populations is called
Every ___ years, seats in the House of Representatives are redistributed based on the outcome of the census conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.
If a state has twelve congressional districts, it sends ___ representatives to the House.
U.S. congressional districts on average now have populations of about ___ people.
___ is a condition in which the voting power of citizens in one district is greater than the voting power of citizens in another district.
c. Partisan distribution
In Wesberry v. Sanders (1964), the U.S. Supreme Court held that ___, a principle that came to be known as the "one person, one vote" rule.
a. congressional districts must have equal population.
b. citizens can only vote once in a single election.
c. every citizen is required to vote at least once after they reach the age of eighteen.
d. citizens can only vote for one candidate in a general election.
congressional districts must have equal population
Which of the following is NOT true of gerrymandering?
a. Despite constitutional challenges, political gerrymandering continues and was evident following the 2010 census.
b. Gerrymandering occurs when district boundaries are redrawn to maximize a certain party's influence.
c. In the 1960s, the Supreme Court ruled that gerrymandering was unconstitutional.
d. "Packing" is drawing district lines to consolidate the opposing party's votes in the smallest number of districts.
in the 1960s, the Supreme Court ruled that gerrymandering was unconstitutional
Under the ___ view of representation, a legislator should act according to her or his conscience and perception of national needs.
The U.S. Constitution requires that members of the House of Representatives be elected by popular vote every ___ year and U.S. Senators every ___ year.
a. fourth; second
b. second; sixth
c. fourth; sixth
d. sixth; fourth
Incumbents traditionally enjoy several advantages when they run for reelection to Congress. Which of the following advantages is less valuable than it used to be thanks to the Internet, email, and social media?
a. congressional franking privilege
b. fundraising ability
c. professional staffs
d. access to the media
congressional franking privilege
Why does the president rarely call special sessions of Congress?
a. because Congress is only in session four or five months of the year and is thus unable to make time for extra sessions
b. because very few members of Congress actually show up to these sessions
c. because Congress now meets on nearly a year-round basis
d. because the Constitution requires that Congress get paid overtime for special sessions
because Congress now meets on nearly a year-round basis
Among other duties, the ___ presides over sessions of the House of Representatives, schedules bills for action, and controls how bills get assigned to committees.
a. president pro tempore
b. vice president
c. majority whip
d. Speaker of the House
Speaker of the House
The primary duty of the House minority leader is to
a. make sure that party members are present for important votes.
b. choose committee chairpersons.
c. maintain solidarity within the party.
d. fill in for the Speaker of the House when the Speaker is absent
maintain solidarity within the party.
The ___ presides over the Senate in the vice president's absence and is usually the member of the majority party with the longest continuous term of service in the Senate.
a. Speaker of the House
b. president pro tempore
c. majority whip
d. majority leader
president pro tempore
Which of the following statements about congressional standing committees is TRUE?
a. They are created by the concurrent action of both chambers of Congress and consist of members from each chamber.
b. They are always comprised of an equal number of members from each political party.
c. They are permanent and the most powerful Congressional committees.
d. They are formed to achieve agreement between the House and Senate on the exact wording of legislative acts.
They are permanent and the most powerful Congressional committees.
Which of the following statements about the House of Representatives is TRUE?
a. it often acts on legislation more quickly than the Senate.
b. it has the power of "advice and consent" on presidential appointments and treaties.
c. it allows its members to place a hold on a particular bill or on a judical nomination.
d. it may convict federal officials of impeachable offenses.
it often acts on legislation more quickly than the Senate.
What must be done in order to invoke cloture?
a. sixty senators must sign a petition requesting cloture, and all senators must vote for cloture.
b. sixteen senators must sign a petition requesting cloture, and three-fifths of the entire membership must vote for cloture.
c. sixty senators must sign a petition requesting cloture, and two-thirds of the entire membership must vote for cloture.
d. the vice president of the United States must ask the Senate to take a cloture vote and two-thirds must vote for cloture.
sixteen senators must sign a petition requesting cloture, and three-fifths of the entire membership must vote for cloture.
What consequence has resulted from the fact that it is considered more prestigious to be a senator than to be a House representative?
a. House representatives are often depicted in the media as being more corrupt than their counterparts in the Senate.
b. There are very few qualified candidates interested in running for a position in the House.
c. It has been very difficult for a member of the House to win a presidential nomination.
d. Senators have a tendency to ignore any information or legislation originating in the House.
it has been very difficult for a member of the House to win a presidential nomination.
After a bill has been formally introduced and referred to the appropriate standing committee, the committee chairperson typically sends the bill to
a. a subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, and approval.
b. the Rules Committee, which will specify the amount of time to be spent on debate, and whether amendments can be made by a floor vote.
c. a conference committee.
d. the floor of the chamber for debate.
a subcommittee for study, hearings, revisions, and approval.
After the conference report has been submitted to both chambers, the bill must
a. be accepted or rejected by the standing committees that handled the bill after its introduction.
b. go to the Rules Committee for scheduling on the president's calendar.
c. be approved by unanimous consent in the Senate.
d. be accepted or rejected by both the House and the Senate as it was written by the conference committee, with no further amendments made.
be accepted or rejected by both the House and the Senate as it was written by the conference committee, with no further amendments made.
The president has ___ to decide whether to sign a bill or veto it.
a. seven days
b. twenty-four hours
c. thirty days
d. ten days
In exercising its oversight of the executive branch, Congress
a. may establish separate oversight bodies.
b. may not fail to provide money necessary for the bureaucracy to function.
c. has little power over the president's cabinet departments.
d. has never neglected is oversight duties out of deference to the president.
may establish separate oversight bodies
After the House votes to impeach a public official, the accused official is
a. required to resign.
b. tried in federal district court.
c. forcibly removed from office.
d. tried in the Senate.
tried in the Senate.
In the ___ phase of the budgeting process, Congress determines how many dollars will actually be spent in a given year on a particular government activity.
When Congress is unable to pass a complete budget by October 1, it usually passes
a. a first budget resolution
b. continuing resolutions
c. appropriations bills
d. authorization bills