ChapterFifteen The Endocrine System terms

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ChapterFifteen The Endocrine System terms
2015-04-20 15:34:45

ChapterFifteen The Endocrine System terms
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  1. hormones
    chemicals that are secreted by endocrine organs that are carried in the bloodstream
  2. homeostasis
    the process of maintaining internal stability
  3. hyposecretion
    abnormally low hormone production
  4. hypersecretion
    abnormally high hormone production
  5. syndrome
    a disease with an array of symptoms involving multiple organs
  6. endocrinology
    the field of medicine that focuses on the study and treatment of the endocrine disorders
  7. acidosis
    the condition of acid in the body
  8. acromegaly
    enlargement of bone structure
  9. exophthalmos
    the condition of abnormal protrusion of the eyes
  10. goiter
    a swelling of the thyroid gland on the anterior side of the neck
  11. hirsutism
    excessive body hair in a masculine pattern
  12. ketosis
    an excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine, a symptom of unmanaged diabetes mellitus. Also known as ketoacidosis
  13. polydipsia
    a condition of excessive thirst
  14. polyuria
    chronic excessive urination due to the production of abnormally large volumes of urine
  15. adenitis
    inflammation of a gland
  16. adenopathy
    the general term for a glandular disease
  17. adenosis
    any disease of a gland
  18. adenocarcinoma
    a malignant tumor with a glandular or glandlike pattern of cells
  19. adenoma
    a benign tumor of glandular cells
  20. adrenalitis
    inflammation of the adrenal gland
  21. adrenomegaly
    enlargement of one or both of the adrenal glands
  22. adrenopathy
    disease of the adrenal glands
  23. cretinism
    a condition in which the thyroid gland is unable to produce normal levels of growth hormone
  24. Cushing syndrome
    an endocrine disease characterized by excessive secretion of cortisol that affects many organs
  25. diabetes insipidus (DI)
    a disease characterized by polydipsia and polyuria
  26. diabetes mellitus (DM)
    a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism
  27. diabetic retinopathy
    a form of blindness that is associated with diabetes mellitus
  28. endocrinopathy
    a general term for disease of the endocrine system
  29. hyperadrenalism
    excessive activity of one or more adrenal glands
  30. hypoadrenalism
    a condition of abnormally low activity of the adrenal glands
  31. hypercalcemia
    a condition of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
  32. hypocalcemia
    a condition of abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  33. hypoglycemia
    a condition of abnormally low levels of sugar in the blood
  34. hyperglycemia
    a condition of excessive sugar in the blood
  35. hyperparathyroidism
    a disease characterized by the excessive production of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the thyroid glands
  36. hypoparathyroidism
    a disease characterized by the abnormally low production of PTH by the parathyroid glands
  37. hyperthyroidism
    a disease characterized by the abnormally high levels of thyroid hormone (TH)
  38. hypothyroidism
    a disease characterized by abnormally low levels of thyroid hormone
  39. hypogonadism
    a disease characterized by abnormally low amounts of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)
  40. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  41. pituitary gigantism
    an abnormally increased growth of bones that produces a very large stature, caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone that begins before puberty
  42. pituitary dwarfism
    short stature due to a deficiency of pituitary growth hormone
  43. thyroiditis
    inflammation of the thyroid gland
  44. adrenalectomy
    the surgical removal of one or both of the adrenal glands
  45. endocrinologist
    a physician specializing in endocrinology
  46. fasting blood sugar (FBS)
    a procedure that measures blood sugar levels after a 12-hour fast
  47. glucose tolerance test (GTT)
    a test in which glucose is given orally or intravenously and blood sugar levels are measured at timed intervals.
  48. hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    a therapy for hormonal management, which can be very effective for correcting disrupted menstrual and ovarian cycles
  49. parathyroidectomy
    the surgical removal of a parathyroid gland
  50. parathyroidoma
    a tumor of the parathyroid gland
  51. radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU)
    a diagnostic procedure in which radioactive iodine is used to track and measure its entry into thyroid gland cells
  52. radioiodine therapy
    a treatment for thyroid tumor that involved use of radioactive iodine
  53. thyroid scan
    a radiological procedure in which an image of the thyroid gland is obtained
  54. thyroidoma
    the condition of a thyroid tumor
  55. thyroidectomy
    the surgical removal of a thyroid gland
  56. thyroidotomy
    an incision into the thyroid gland
  57. thyroparathyroidectomy
    the surgical removal of the parathyroid glands as well as the thyroid gland
  58. thyroxine test
    a diagnostic test that measures thyroxine levels in the blood