SOC 100 - Exam 3

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tt23
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301190
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SOC 100 - Exam 3
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2015-04-21 00:53:33
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Exam 3
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  1. Social Inequality
    Condition in which members of society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power.
  2. Social Stratification
    The hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources.
  3. Class System
    System of social ranking based on $$. Achieved characteristics can affect social mobility.
  4. Life Chances
    Max Weber's term for the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care.
  5. Underclass
    Lumpenproleariat - People who are poor, seldom employed, and caught in long-term deprivation.
  6. Capitalist Class
    • In a capitalist system, a person's class is identified by how s/he is related to the means of production.
    • Petty Bourgeoisie
    • Working Class
    • Underclass
  7. Proletariat
    Working class
  8. Petty bourgeoisie
    Small business owners & managers
  9. Social Mobility
    The movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another.
  10. Minority Group
    A subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than the dominant group.
  11. Stereotype
    A stereotype is an oversimplified set of beliefs about members of a social group.
  12. Prejudice
    A negative attitude based on generalizations about members of selected racial, ethnic, or other groups.
  13. Ethnocentrism
    Refers to the tendency to regard one's own culture and group as the standard.
  14. Ethnic Group
    A social category of people who share a common culture, national origin, unique history and social experiences.
  15. Racism
    A set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.
  16. Discrimination
    Actions or practices of dominant-group members (or their representatives) that have a harmful impact on members of a subordinate group.
  17. Small-group discrimination
    Harmful actions intentionally taken by a limited number of dominant group members against members of a subordinate group.
  18. Isolate discrimination
    Harmful action intentionally taken by a member of a dominant group against a member of a subordinate group
  19. Direct institutionalized discrimination
    Organizationally or community-prescribed action that intentionally has a differential impact on members of subordinate groups.
  20. Indirect institutionalized discrimination
    Practices that have a harmful effect on subordinate group members even though no harm was originally meant
  21. Assimilation
    The process through which a person forsakes his or her own cultural tradition to become a part of a different culture.
  22. Segregation
    The physical separation of two groups of people in terms of residence, workplace and social events.
  23. Amalgamation
    Happens when a majority group and a minority combine to form a new group.
  24. Pluralism
    Based on mutual respect for one another's cultures among the various groups in a society.
  25. Sex
    The biological differences between males and females
  26. Intersexed
    Individuals can have either XX or XY chromosomes but display male and female biological characteristics
  27. Transgender
    Individuals whose primary sex characteristics do not match the sex they know themselves to be
  28. Gender
    The culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males.
  29. Gender displays
    The way in which one shows one's gender.
  30. Glass Ceiling
    Women (and people of color) can see what the senior positions in their companies are, but few can reach them
  31. Sticky Floors
    The structural limitations for women in low-paying, low-status jobs who cannot move up.

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