PSY: Motivation and Emotion

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  1. What is emotion
    the physiological component, such as hearbeat, thoughts related to it, and physical expressions accompanying the feeling
  2. What is motivation?
    anything that gets you to complete your goal
  3. What are the seven motivational theories?
    • instinct theory
    • evolutionary theory
    • drive reduction theory
    • arousal theory
    • incentive theory
    • cognitive theories
    • biopsychosocial
  4. Instinct theory
    instincts are unlearned responses that guide your actions
  5. evolutionary theory
    aka: approach to mate selection

    a spin-off of instinct theory; every behavior is to find a mate and reporduce

    Women will be more cautious when finding a mate and settling down; they want ambitious, powerful, resourceful, and athletic men; they like a period of dating

    men are not interested in dating becuase they have no limitation to the children amount; they want youthful, attractive, and healthy young women; pass on genes
  6. Drive reduction theory
    goal of life is homeostais; when you feel unbalanced, you have a need, which incites a drive that makes you reduce the need, leading to balance

    Ex: thirsty...need water..drink water...satisfied..balanced

    Needs: food, water, sex, sleep, bathroom, etc
  7. Arousal theory
    we all like to be at our optimal level of arousal; and, all day long, we try to get on that level to maintain arousal
  8. INcentive theory
    gain rewards and avoid punishments/ behavior is goal-directed; there are two systems--the wanting system and the liking system

    • Wanting: you are attracted
    • Liking: Evaluation of how pleasurable it is
  9. Cognitive theories
    • all motivated behaviors are based in:
    • 1) your expectations
    • 2) your past experiences (cognitive appraisal= how you interpret something)
    • 3) your perceptions
    • 4) your attributions; everyone is motivated by their own personal story
  10. Biopsychosocial theory/ Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    you are motivated to fulfill each level in the pyramid; you need to fulfill one level to move up the pyramid
  11. Out of all of the theories, which are the motivational theories?
    • instinct
    • evolutionary
    • drive reduction
    • arousal
  12. Out of all of the theories, which are the psychological theories?
    • incentive
    • cognitive
    • biopsychosocial
  13. What is Maslow's hierarchy of needs? Begin from the bottom of the pyramid.
    Physiological needs

    Safety needs

    Belonging and love needs

    Esteem needs

    Self-actualization needs
  14. If Joe is trying to make friends, which level on the hierarchy is he? 

    Taking the MCAT is..?
    belonging and love section

  15. Why do you keep eating at buffets?
    Because food stimulates different taste buds; and, the more variety, the more stimulation, and the more you eat

    flavor and variety are important in initiating eating
  16. Obesity is considered __. 

    Results of obesity?
    child abuse

    severely overweight, increased risk of diabetes, heart attack, high BP, strokes, death, cancer, arthritis, etc
  17. Causes of obesity?
    psychological: we are bored, busy, too poor to eat healthy, no movement; we live in an environment where people push you eat

    Physiological: people have higher water content and bigger bones
  18. Anorexia is?
    severe weight loss in people who know that they should/ want to eat, but do not for fear of getting fact

    there is a detachment with what's actually seen
  19. What are the problems with anorexia/
    brittle bones, not enough food--> passing out, hair sprouts all over to keep warm, messed up menstrual cycle
  20. Statistics of anorexia nervosa?
    four to thirty percent die from starvation, biochemical imbalances, and suicide
  21. Bulimia nervosa?
    overly eating and throwing up
  22. Problems with bulimia?
    acid build up deteriorates the back of your teeth; large potential to have heart attacks due to pressure of throwing up; impulse connection due to fact that they have no self-control
  23. Emotion constantly __. It is a __.

    There are __, as wella s __, and they have a __.
    changes between positive and negative

    feeling that you possess

    learned/ reflexive/ physical component
  24. Cognitive appraisal:
  25. What are the three components to emotion?
    • physiological 
    • cognitive
    • behavior
  26. What are the four major theories of emotion?
    • James-Lange
    • Cannon-Bard
    • Facial-feedback
    • Schacter-Singer (2 Factor)
  27. James Lange theory

    Scenario: walking out of campus and suddenly a snake pops out
    environmental stimuli---(leads to)----> 

    physiological change/ behavior or act----->


    it undergoes compartmentalization
  28. Cannon Bard theory

    Scenario: walking out of campus and suddenly a snake pops out
    environmental stimuli--> brain/ thalamus-->

    • physiological change, behavior, and emotion 
    • simultaneous
  29. Facial-feedback theory

    Scenario: walking out of campus and suddenly a snake pops out
    environmental stimuli---->

    facial expression----->

    physiological change and action--->

  30. Schacter-Singer theory

    Scenario: walking out of campus and suddenly a snake pops out
    environmental stimuli----> appraisal interpretation----->

    emotion, action, physiological change
  31. Intrinsic versus Extrinsic motivation
    in: do it because you enjoy it; personal satisfaction derived from it

    ex: something you're rewarding outside of yourself
Card Set:
PSY: Motivation and Emotion
2015-04-21 11:35:56
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