Myelogram shows where the "bulge" is (the herniation)
What is the MOST COMMON surgical procedure for a herniated disc?
What is done and what does it do (results in)?
Laminectomy - creates space by removing the lamina — the back part of the vertebra that covers your spinal canal. Also known as decompression surgery; it enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
How does stress effect LBP? (a CYCLE)
Give an example.
Increases muscle tension
Worry creates stress = exacerbates back pain.
Pt becomes unnecessarily limited in daily activities --> decrease in activity d/t fear of injury --> limitations in movement & activity lead to muscle weakening --> increases back pain.
What is Scoliosis?
Lateral S or C curvature of the spine.
Explain the degrees and Tx of scoliosis: mild vs moderate vs severe (degrees of curvature)
Mild: <20 degrees of curvature
Tx: exercises to improve posture, muscle tone, flexibility.
Mod: 20-40 degrees of curvature
Tx: bracing - maintain current curvature; wear brace 23 hours/day.