Brain

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
301246
Filename:
Brain
Updated:
2016-01-19 01:30:34
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
brain
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  1. Brain
    embryonic development
    • Prosencephalon
    • Mesencephalon
    • Rhombencephalon
  2. Prosencephalon
    structure
    • Telencephalon
    • Diencephalon
  3. Rhombencephalon
    structure
    • Metencephalon
    • Myencephalon
  4. Telencephalon
    structure
    ventricle
    • structure: lobes of brain
    • Cerebral Cortex
    • Limbic System
    • Basal Ganglia
    • subcortical white matter
    • corpus callosum
    • ventricle: lateral ventricles
  5. Cerebral Cortex
    characteristics
    • grey matter
    • outer shell of cerebral hemispheres
    • neuronal cell bodies
    • sulci and gyri
    • lateral sulcus
    • central sulcus
    • precentral gyrus
    • postcentral gyrus
  6. white matter
    tracts
    ID 
    location
    • white matter: myelinated axons
    • tracts: bundle of axons
    • location: corpus callosum
  7. grey matter
    ID
    location
    • ID: neural cell bodies
    • location: cerebral cortex
  8. Lobes
    • Frontal 
    • Parietal 
    • Temporal 
    • Occipital
  9. Frontal Lobe
    characteristics
    • planning
    • problem solving 
    • personality
    • motor
    • thought
  10. Parietal Lobe
    characteristics
    SA General Sensory
  11. Occipital Lobe
    characteristics
    vision cortex
  12. Temporal Lobe
    characteristics
    • language 
    • speech
    • reading
    • SSA Sensory
  13. sulcus
    groove
  14. gyrus
    fold
  15. Central Salcus
    ID
    location
    • ID: fissure
    • location: parietal lobe
  16. Lateral Salcus
    ID
    location
    • ID: fissure
    • location: temporal lobe
  17. pre-central gyrus
    ID
    location
    • ID: primary SE Cortex
    • location: parietal lobe
  18. Post-Central Gyrus
    ID 
    location
    • ID: primary SA cortex
    • location: parietal lobe
  19. Diencephalon
    structure
    ventricle
    • structure: thalamus
    • epithalamus
    • hypothalamus
    • ventricle: 3rd ventrice
  20. Third Ventricle
    midline
  21. Thalamus
    ID
    structure
    location
    • ID: SA relay center
    • structure: diencephalon
    • location: 3rd ventricle
  22. Hypothalamus
    ID
    location
    structure
    • location: 3rd ventricle
    • structure: diencephalon 
    • ID: control center
  23. Epithalamus
    ID
    location
    structure
    • ID: pineal gland
    • location: 3rd ventricle
    • structure: diencephalon
  24. Mesencephalon
    structure
    ventricle
    • structure: cerebral peduncles
    • copra quadragemini
    • ventricle: cerebral aquaduct
  25. Superior Colliculi
    ID
    structure
    location
    • ID: visual reflex
    • tracking
    • structure: mesencephalon
    • location: cerebral aquaduct
  26. Inferior Colliculi
    ID
    structure

    location
    • ID: auditory reflex
    • structure: mesencephalon
    • location: cerebral aquaduct
  27. Metencephalon
    structure
    ventricle
    • structure: pons
    • cerebellum
    • ventricle: 4th ventricle
  28. Pons
    ID
    structure
    location
    • ID: reflex response from motor cortex to cerebellum
    • structure: metencephalon
    • location: 4th ventricle
  29. Cerebellum
    ID
    structure

    location
    • ID: learned motor patterns
    • coordination
    • structure: metencephalon
    • location: 4th ventricle
  30. Myelencephalon
    struture
    ventricle
    • structure: medulla oblongata
    • ventricle: 4th ventricle
  31. Medulla Oblongata
    ID
    structure
    location
    • ID: control breathing 
    • somewhat controls heart rate
    • structure: myelencephalon
    • location: 4th ventricle
  32. Limbic System
    structure
    infrastructure
    • structure: cerebrum to diencephalon
    • infrastructure: Hippocampus
    • Amygdala
    • Cingulate Gyrus
  33. Hippocampus
    short term memory formation/access
  34. Amygdala
    process fear
  35. Cingulate Gyrus
    thought/emotion into action
  36. Basal Ganglia
    structure
    characteristics
    • structure: Diencephalon to brainstem
    • characteristics: short motor sequences
    • limitations/control of motor events
    • coordination
    • ex/
    • Parkinson's Disease
  37. Meninges
    3 coverings of brain
  38. Pia Mater
    ID
    location
    • ID: inner layer of meninges
    • location: on surface of brain
    • down every sulcus
  39. Arachnoid Membrane
    ID
    tissue

    location
    • ID: middle layer meninges
    • tissue: loose areolar CT
    • location: sub-arachnoid space
  40. Dura Mater
    ID
    location
    • ID: outer layer meninges
    • location: crista galli
  41. arachnoid villi
    fxn
    location
    • fxn: move CSF from subarachnoid space to super sagittal sinus
    • location: arachnoid membrane
  42. superior sagittal sinus
    fxn
    location
    • fxn: moves CSF from arachnoid villi into blood
    • location: dura mater
  43. sub-arachnoid space
    fxn
    location
    • fxn: houses CSF between 4th ventricle and superior sagittal sinus
    • location: below arachnoid membrane
    • above pia mater
  44. Choroid Plexus
    ID
    fxn

    location
    • ID: capillary
    • fxn: makes CSF
    • location: ventricles
  45. Circulation of CSF
    steps
    • lateral ventricles
    • interventricular
    • 3rd ventricle
    • cerebral aquaduct
    • 4th ventricle  
    • sub-arachnoid space
    • arachnoid villi
    • superior sagittal sinus
    • blood
  46. Decussation
    definition
    fxn
    loction
    • definition: cross-over point of axons from right to left, left to riht
    • fxn: left brain controls right side muscle and right side SA
    • right brain controls left side muscle and left side SA
    • location: corpus callosum
  47. visceral efferent is also called _____?
    autonomic nervous system
  48. ANS is made up of which 2 branches?
    • sympathetic nervous system
    • parasympathetic nervous system
  49. which branch of the ANS uses epinephrine (adrenaline) and nor-epinephrine (nor-adrenanline) as its neurotransmitters?
    sympathetic nervous system
  50. the _________ nervous system uses acetycholine as its neurotransmitter.
    parasympathetic
  51. the ANS controls involuntary reactions like glands, _______ muscle in organs, and _____ muscle in heart.
    • smooth
    • cardiac
  52. which division is also called the cranial-sacral and why?
    • parasympathetic nervous system
    • pre-ganglionic neurons in brain or sacral region of spinal chord
  53. which division is also called the thoracolumbar and why?
    • sympathetic nervous system
    • pre-ganglionic neuron in thoracic or lumbar spinal chord
  54. post-ganglionic cells
    sympathetic
    paravertebral chain of ganglia
  55. post-ganglionic cells
    parasympathetic
    structure innervated
  56. pituitary gland
    ID
    location
    • ID: "master gland"
    • location: sella turcica
  57. anterior pituitary gland
    ID
    location
    • ID: makes hormones
    • location: sella turcica
  58. posterior pituitary gland
    ID
    location
    • ID: extension of hypothalamus
    • location: sella turcica

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