Overview of the Most Important Reflexes

Card Set Information

Author:
brau2308
ID:
301248
Filename:
Overview of the Most Important Reflexes
Updated:
2015-04-21 16:31:00
Tags:
nbcot
Folders:

Description:
Ch. 5
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user brau2308 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Rooting
    onset age:
    28 wks gestation
  2. Rooting
    integration age:
    3 months
  3. Rooting
    stimulus:
    stroke the corner of the mouth, upper lip, and lower lip
  4. Rooting
    response:
    movement of the tongue, mouth, and/or head toward the stimulus
  5. Rooting
    relevance:
    allows searching for and locating feeding source
  6. Suck-swallow
    onset age:
    28 wks gestation
  7. Suck-swallow
    integration age:
    2-5 months
  8. Suck-swallow
    stimulus:
    place examiner's index finger inside infant's mouth with head in midline
  9. Suck-swallow
    response:
    strong, rhythmical sucking
  10. Suck-swallow
    relevance:
    allows ingestion of nourishment
  11. Traction
    onset age:
    28 wks gestation
  12. Traction
    integration age:
    2-5 months
  13. Traction
    stimulus:
    grasp infant's forearms and pull-to-sit
  14. Traction
    response:
    complete flexion of upper extremities
  15. Traction
    relevance:
    enhances momentary reflexive grasp
  16. Moro
    onset age:
    28 wks gestation
  17. Moro
    integration age:
    4-6 months
  18. Moro
    stimulus:
    rapidly drop infant's head backward
  19. Moro
    response:
    • first phase: arm extension/abduction, hand opening
    • second phase: arm flexion and adduction
  20. Moro
    relevance:
    facilitates ability to depart from dominant flexor posture: protective response
  21. Plantar grasp
    onset age:
    28 wks gestation
  22. Plantar grasp
    integration age:
    9 months
  23. Plantar grasp
    stimulus:
    apply pressure with thumb on the infant's ball of foot
  24. Plantar grasp
    response:
    toe flexion
  25. Plantar grasp
    relevance:
    increases tactile input to sole of foot
  26. Galant
    onset age:
    32 wks gestation
  27. Galant
    integration age:
    2 months
  28. Galant
    stimulus:
    hold infant in prone suspension, gently scratch or tap alongside the spine with finger, from shoulders to buttocks
  29. Galant
    response:
    lateral trunk flexion and wrinkling of the skin on the stimulated side
  30. Galant
    relevance:
    facilitates lateral trunk movements necessary for trunk stabilization
  31. Asymmetric tonic neck
    onset age:
    37 wks gestation
  32. Asymmetric tonic neck
    integration age:
    4-6 months
  33. Asymmetric tonic neck
    stimulus:
    fully rotate infant's head and hold for 5 seconds
  34. Asymmetric tonic neck
    response:
    extension of extremities on the face side, flexion of extremities on the skull side
  35. Asymmetric tonic neck
    relevance:
    promotes visual hand regard
  36. Palmar grasp
    onset age:
    37 wks gestation
  37. Palmar grasp
    integration age:
    4-6 months
  38. Palmar grasp
    stimulus:
    place examiner's finger in infant's palm
  39. Palmar grasp
    response:
    finger flexion; reflexive grasp
  40. Palmar grasp
    relevance:
    increases tactile input on the palm of the hand
  41. Tonic labyrinthine - Supine
    onset age:
    >37 wks gestation
  42. Tonic labyrinthine - Supine
    integration age:
    6 months
  43. Tonic labyrinthine - Supine
    stimulus:
    place infant in supine
  44. Tonic labyrinthine - Supine
    response:
    increased extensor tone
  45. Tonic labyrinthine - Supine
    relevance:
    facilitates total-body extensor tone
  46. Tonic labyrinthine - Prone
    onset age:
    >37 wks gestation
  47. Tonic labyrinthine - Prone
    integration age:
    6 months
  48. Tonic labyrinthine - Prone
    stimulus:
    place infant in prone
  49. Tonic labyrinthine - Prone
    response:
    increased flexor tone
  50. Tonic labyrinthine - Prone
    relevance:
    facilitates total-body flexor tone
  51. Labyrinthine/optical (head) righting
    onset date:
    birth-2 months
  52. Labyrinthine/optical (head) righting
    integration age:
    persists
  53. Labyrinthine/optical (head) righting
    stimulus:
    hold infant suspended vertically and tilt slowly (about 45*) to the side, forward, or backward
  54. Labyrinthine/optical (head) righting
    response:
    upright positioning of the head
  55. Labyrinthine/optical (head) righting
    relevance:
    orients head in space; maintains face vertical
  56. Landau
    onset age:
    3-4 months
  57. Landau
    integration age:
    12-24 months
  58. Landau
    stimulus:
    hold infant in horizontal prone suspension
  59. Landau
    response:
    complete extension of head, trunk, and extremities
  60. Landau
    relevance:
    breaks up flexor dominance; facilitates prone extension
  61. Symmetric tonic neck
    onset age:
    4-6 months
  62. Symmetric tonic neck
    integration age:
    8-12 months
  63. Symmetric tonic neck
    stimulus:
    place infant in the crawling position and extend the head
  64. Symmetric tonic neck
    response:
    flexion of hips and knees
  65. Symmetric tonic neck
    relevance:
    breaks up total extensor posture; facilitates static quadruped position
  66. Neck righting (NOB)
    onset age:
    4-6 months
  67. Neck righting (NOB)
    integration age:
    5 years
  68. Neck righting (NOB)
    stimulus:
    place infant in supine and fully turn head to one side
  69. Neck righting (NOB)
    response:
    log rolling of the entire body to maintain alignment with the head
  70. Neck righting (NOB)
    relevance:
    maintains head/body alignment; initiates rolling (first ambulation effort)
  71. Body righting (on body) (BOB)
    onset age:
    4-6 months
  72. Body righting (on body) (BOB)
    integration age:
    5 years
  73. Body righting (on body) (BOB)
    stimulus:
    place infant in supine, flex one hip and knee toward the chest and hold briefly
  74. Body righting (on body) (BOB)
    response:
    segmental rolling of the upper trunk to maintain alignment
  75. Body righting (on body) (BOB)
    relevance:
    facilitates trunk/spinal rotation
  76. Downward parachute (protective extension downward)
    onset age:
    4 months
  77. Downward parachute (protective extension downward)
    integration age:
    persists
  78. Downward parachute (protective extension downward)
    stimulus:
    rapidly lower infant toward supporting surface while suspended vertically
  79. Downward parachute (protective extension downward)
    response:
    extension of the lower extremities
  80. Downward parachute (protective extension downward)
    relevance:
    allows accurate placement of lower extremities
  81. Forward parachute (protective extension forward)
    onset age:
    6-9 months
  82. Forward parachute (protective extension forward)
    integration age:
    persists
  83. Forward parachute (protective extension forward)
    stimulus:
    suddenly tip infant forward toward supporting surface while vertically suspended
  84. Forward parachute (protective extension forward)
    response:
    sudden extension of the upper extremities, hand opening, and neck extension
  85. Forward parachute (protective extension forward)
    relevance:
    allows accurate placement of upper extremities in anticipation of supporting surface to prevent a fall
  86. Sideward parachute (protective extension sideward)
    onset date:
    7 months
  87. Sideward parachute (protective extension sideward)
    integration age:
    persists
  88. Sideward parachute (protective extension sideward)
    stimulus:
    quickly but firmly tip infant off-balance to the side while in the sitting position
  89. Sideward parachute (protective extension sideward)
    response:
    arm extension and abduction to the side
  90. Sideward parachute (protective extension sideward)
    relevance:
    protects body to prevent a fall; supports body for unilateral use of opposite arm
  91. Backward parachute (protective extension backward)
    onset age:
    9-10 months
  92. Backward parachute (protective extension backward)
    integration age:
    persists
  93. Backward parachute (protective extension backward)
    stimulus:
    quickly but firmly tip infant off-balance backward
  94. Backward parachute (protective extension backward)
    response:
    backward arm extension or arm extension to one side spinal rotation
  95. Backward parachute (protective extension backward)
    relevance:
    protects body to prevent a fall; unilaterally facilitates
  96. Prone tilting
    onset age:
    5 months
  97. Prone tilting
    integration age:
    persists
  98. Prone tilting
    stimulus:
    after positioning infant in prone, slowly raise one side of the supporting surface
  99. Prone tilting
    response:
    curving of the spine toward the raised side (opposite to the pull of gravity); abduction/extension of arms and legs
  100. Prone tilting
    relevance:
    maintain equilibrium w/o arm support; facilitate postural adjustments in all positions
  101. Supine tilting and Sitting tilting
    onset age:
    7-8 months
  102. Supine tilting and Sitting tilting
    integration age:
    persists
  103. Supine tilting and Sitting tilting
    stimulus:
    after positioning infant in supine or sitting, slowly raise one side of the supporting surface
  104. Supine tilting and Sitting tilting
    response:
    curving of the spine toward the raised side (opposite to the pull of gravity); abduction/extension of arms and legs
  105. Supine tilting and Sitting tilting
    relevance:
    maintain equilibrium w/o arm support; facilitate postural adjustments in all positions
  106. Quadruped tilting
    onset age:
    9-12 months
  107. Quadruped tilting
    integration age:
    persists
  108. Quadruped tilting
    stimulus:
    after positioning infant on all fours, slowly raise one side of the supporting surface
  109. Quadruped tilting
    response:
    curving of the spine toward the raised side (opposite to the pull of gravity); abduction/extension of arms and legs
  110. Quadruped tilting
    relevance:
    maintain equilibrium w/o arm support; facilitates postural adjustments in al positions
  111. Standing tilting
    onset age:
    12-21 months
  112. Standing tilting
    integration age:
    persists
  113. Standing tilting
    stimulus:
    after positioning infant in standing, slowly raise one side of the supporting surface
  114. Standing tilting
    response:
    curving of the spine toward the raised side (opposite to the pull of gravity); abduction/extension of arms and legs
  115. Standing tilting
    relevance:
    maintain equilibrium w/o arm support; adjustments in all positions

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview