1550: Culture&Diversity&Family EXAM III
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What is "enculturation"?
the process of children learning culture from adults.
What is the difference between "assimilation" and "acculturation"?
Taking on major characteristics of a dominant culture in such a way that the minority culture becomes mitigated or lost.
Adopting the dominant culture WITHOUT losing the traditions and customs of the minority community.
What is "sub-culture"?
behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social or age group
*HCP should always maintain eye contact regardless of the other cultures do not.
What are some differences between genetics and physiological variations?
Among blacks, hispanic, native? (prominence & susceptibility) disorders, diseases
AA: HTN, sickle cell anemia; lower incidence of skin cancer.
Hispanic&Native Americans: higher blood glucose levels; NAs have lower incidence of skin cancer.
American Indian women are seven times more likely to receive inadequate care or no care during their pregnancy than white women.
- Death rates for African Americans are more than one and a half times higher than
- whites in most age groups.
What is Leininger’s theory on culture care and
diversity based on?
Nurses must understand different cultures in order to function effectively.
Culturally congruent care is provided in what 3 ways?
preserve the client's familiar way of life
- making accommodations to satisfy client
- structuring care to help the client move toward wellness
Developing Cultural Competence.
What is the LEARN model?
L: listen to client's perception of problem.
E: explain your perception and treatments ordered by physician.
A: acknowledge and discuss differences and similarities in perceptions of problem.
R: review ordered treatments keeping client’s culture in mind.
N: negotiate agreement. Have client make decisions about appropriateness of treatment.
What is "ageism"?
a form of prejudice, like racism, in which older adults are stereotyped by characteristics found in only a few members of their group.
What are the 5 social determinants of health?
- Biology & genetics: age/sex
- Individual behavior: alcohol/substance abuse
- Social environment: discrimination, income
- Physical environment: crowding conditions
- Health services: access; health insurance
What is the difference between "authoritarian" and "authoritative"?
What is the difference between "intermissive" and "indifferent"?
high control; low warmth
moderately high control; high warmth
low control; high warmth
low control; low warmth
How should you communicate to health care providers about ppl w/ disabilities?
Describe person first then the disability second.
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