FSP Pathology

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FSP Pathology
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2015-07-07 16:16:44
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FSP Pathology
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  1. Glial cells
    • supportive cells in the central nervous system
    • - provide support and nutrition
    • - maintain homeostasis
    • - form myelin
    • - participate in signal transmission in the nervous system
  2. A tumor in the brain that arises from the Glial cells
    glioma
  3. - provide support and nutrition
    - maintain homeostasis
    - form myelin
    - participate in signal transmission in the nervous system
    Glial cells
  4. glioma
    • a tumor in the brain that arises from the Glial cells
    • Glial cells
    • supportive cells in the central nervous system
    •   - provide support and nutrition
    •   - maintain homeostasis
    •   - form myelin
    •   - participate in signal transmission in the nervous system
  5. Most common benign tumor in the outer covering (meninges) of the brain
    meningioma
  6. meningioma
    most common benign tumor in the outer covering (meninges) of the brain
  7. Collection of venous blood b/w the skull and dura matter due to significant trauma
    subdural hematoma
  8. subdural hematoma
    • collection of venous blood b/w the skull and dura matter due to significant trauma
  9. Isodense hematoma on MRI image
    • - gray
    • - Sub acute stage on T1 (gray)
  10. Hypodense hematoma on MRI image
    • - dark
    • - Chronic stage
  11. Hyperdense hematoma on MRI image
    • - bright
    • - Acute stage
    • - Sub acute stage on T2
  12. Acute stage of hematoma is ... on the MRI image
    hyperdense (bright)
  13. Sub acute stage of hematoma on T1 is ...
    isodense (gray)
  14. Sub acute stage of hematoma on T2 is ...
    hyperdense (bright)
  15. Chronic stage of hematoma is ... on the MRI image
    hypodense (dark)
  16. Benign tumor of fatty tissue just bellow the skin
    lipoma
  17. Lipoma
    benign tumor of fatty tissue just bellow the skin
  18. Rapidly growing malignant type of brain tumor (names)
    • Astrocytoma
    • Glioblastoma
  19. Astrocytoma def-on (another name)
    • Glioblastoma
    • rapidly growing malignant type of brain tumor
  20. Glioblastoma def-on (another name)
    • Astrocytoma
    • rapidly growing malignant type of brain tumor
  21. Parasitic infection caused by the ingestion of pork tapeworm - Taenia Solium
    Cysticercosis
  22. Taenia Solium
    pork tapeworm
  23. Cysticercosis (another name)
    • parasitic infection caused by the ingestion of pork tapeworm - Taenisa Solium
  24. 40% of the long cancer spreads into
    brain
  25. Incomplete formation of the cerebellar vermis
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome
    • Hydrocephalus
  26. Enlargement of the posterior fossa (cyst)
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome
    • Hydrocephalus
  27. Enlarged (dialation of the) 4th ventricle
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome
    • Hydrocephalus
  28. Hydrocephalus (another name)
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome
    • incomplete formation of the cerebellar vermis
    • enlargement of the posterior fossa (cyst)
    • enlarged (dialation of the) 4th ventricle
    • Treatment - MRI compatible shunt
    • Vermis
    • Posterior Fossa (contains the brainstem and cerebellum)
  29. Dandy Walker Syndrome (another name)
    • Hydrocephalus
    • incomplete formation of the cerebral vermis
    • enlargement of the posterior fossa (cyst) 
    • enlarged (dialation of the) 4th ventricle
    • Treatment - MRI compatible shunt
  30. Protrusion of the brain through the gap in the skull causing neurological deficit
    Encephalocete
  31. Encephalocete
    Protrusion of the brain through the gap in the skull causing neurological deficit
  32. Abnormal communication b/w vein and artery
    Anteriovenous Mailformation (AVM)
  33. AVM
    • Anteriovenous Mailformation
    • abnormal communication b/w vein and artery
  34. Multiple inflammatory plaques involving the white matter track of the brain and spine
    Multiple sclerosys
  35. De-myelinating disease
    Multiple sclerosys
  36. Multiple sclerosys
    • de-myelinating disease
    • multiple inflammatory plaques involving the white matter track of the brain and spine
  37. Most common facial fracture involving the zygomatic arch, maxillary bone and the floor of the orbits
    Tripod fracture
  38. Tripod fracture
    most common facial fracture involving the zygomatic arch, maxillary bone and the floor of the orbits
  39. Primary malignant neoplasm of the lung
    Bronchogenic carcinoma
  40. Bronchogenic carcinoma
    primary malignant neoplasm of the lung
  41. COPD (another name)
    • COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • Bullous Emphysema
    • effecting the longs
  42. Bullous Emphysema (another name)
    • COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • effecting the longs
  43. Clot from the leg travel and block the pulmonary artery
    Pulmonary emboli
  44. Pulmonary emboli
    clot from the leg travel and block the pulmonary artery
  45. Cancer of the lymph nodes that affects the immune system
    • Hodgkin's disease
    • most often in young males
  46. Hodgkin's disease
    • cancer of the lymph nodes that affects the immune system
    • most often in young males
  47. Small cell carcinoma of the bronchi
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  48. Smocking related long cancer
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  49. Squamous cell carcinoma
    • small cell carcinoma of the bronchi
    • common type of primary lung cancer
    • smocking related
  50. Tearing of the inner layer of the aortic wall, allowing blood to leak into the wall itself and cause the separation of the inner and outer layers causing of double lumen
    Aortic dissection
  51. A Dissection
    Ascending aorta Dissection
  52. B Dissection
    Descending aorta Dissection
  53. Type B aortic Dissection
    Descending aorta Dissection
  54. Type A aortic Dissection
    Ascending aorta Dissection
  55. Aortic dissection
    • tearing of the inner layer of the aortic wall, allowing blood to leak into the wall itself and cause the separation of the inner and outer layers causing of double lumen
    • Ascending aorta - A Dissection
    • Descending aorta - B Dissection
  56. Collection of air in the pleural space
    Pneumothorax
  57. Pneumothorax
    collection of air in the pleural space
  58. Cancer that can metastasize to the glands, liver, brain and bones
    Primary long cancer
  59. Primary long cancer
    cancer that can metastasize to the glands, liver, brain and bones
  60. Presence of the endometrium inside the myometrium
    Adenomyosis
  61. Adenomyosis
    • presence of the endometrium inside the myometrium
  62. Inner mucous membrane of the mammalian uterus
    Endometrium
  63. Endometrium
    inner mucous membrane of the mammalian uterus
  64. Outer mucous membrane of the mammalian uterus
    Myometrium
  65. Myometrium
    outer mucous membrane of the mammalian uterus
  66. Fibroid Uterus (another name)
    • Leiomyoma of uterus
    • common benign uterine tumor
    • increases in size during pregnancy
    • decreases following menopause
  67. Most common benign uterine tumor
    • Leiomyoma of uterus
    • Fibroid Uterus
  68. Leiomyoma of uterus (another name)
    • Fibroid Uterus
    • most common benign uterine tumor
    • increases in size during pregnancy decreases following menopause
  69. Adnexal mass of the uterus caused by hormonal dysfunction or disease process
    Ovarian Cyst
  70. Ovarian Cyst
    • adnexal (natural prolongation) mass of the uterus
    • caused by hormonal dysfunction or disease process
  71. Excessive build up of fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by a tear of the peritoneum
    Ascites
  72. Ascites
    excessive build up of fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by a tear of the peritoneum
  73. Inflammation of the bowel loops
    Diverticulitis
  74. Diverticulitis
    • inflammation of the bowel loops
  75. Outpouching of the diverticula on the colon
    Diverticulosis
  76. Diverticulosis
    • outpouching of the diverticula on the colon
  77. Cancerous tumor in the liver in children
    Hepatoblastoma
  78. Hepatoblastoma
    cancerous tumor in the liver in children
  79. Benign hepatic lesion - 1-2 cm in diameter
    Hemangioma
  80. Sometimes calcification mimics this leasion
    Hemangioma
  81. Hemangioma
    • benign hepatic lesion - 1-2 cm in diameter
    • isodense on T1
    • sometimes calcification mimics the hemangioma
  82. Pocket filled w fluid in the liver
    Hepatic cyst
  83. Hepatic cyst
    pocket filled w fluid in the liver
  84. Common primary malignant liver tumor
    Hepatoma
  85. Hepatoma
    common primary malignant liver tumor
  86. Cellular debris
    old blood
  87. Composition of cellular debris (old blood) and pancreatic fluid due to trauma or inflammation
    Pancreatic pseudocyst
  88. Pancreatic pseudocyst
    composition of cellular debris (old blood) and pancreatic fluid due to trauma or inflammation
  89. Acute and chronic form of inflammation of the pancreas cosed be alcoholism and gallstones
    Pancreatitis
  90. Pancreatitis
    • acute and chronic form of inflammation of the pancreas
    • cosed be alcoholism and gallstones
  91. Absence of one of the kidney
    Agenesis of kidney
  92. Agenesis of kidney
    absence of one of the kidney
  93. Congenital defect where the lower and upper part of the kidney are fused together
    Horseshoe kidney
  94. Horseshoe kidney
    congenital defect where the lower and upper part of the kidney are fused together producing a horseshoe shape
  95. Inherited disorder demonstrating multiple fluid field cyst of different sizes
    Polycystic kidney
  96. Polycystic kidney
    • inherited disorder demonstrating multiple fluid field cyst of different sizes
  97. Malrotation of the bowel
    Volvulus
  98. Volvulus
    malrotation of the bowel (telescope to another)
  99. Inflammation of the vermiform appendix due to obstruction
    Appendicitis
  100. Appendicitis
    inflammation of the vermiform appendix due to obstruction
  101. Inflammation of the colon which causes diffuse lose of muscle architecture
    • Crohns disease
    • aka Ileitis
    • aka Enteritis
  102. Looks like ulcerative colitis and can affect the entire GI track from the mouth to anus
    • Crohns disease
    • aka Ileitis
    • aka Enteritis
  103. aka Enteritis (another names)
    • Crohns disease
    • aka Ileitis
    • inflammation of the colon which causes diffuse lose of muscle architecture
    • looks like ulcerative colitis and can affect the entire GI track from the mouth to anus
  104. aka Ileitis (another names)
    • Crohns disease
    • aka Enteritis
    • inflammation of the colon which causes diffuse lose of muscle architecture
    • looks like ulcerative colitis and can affect the entire GI track from the mouth to anus
  105. Crohns disease (another names)
    • aka Ileitis
    • aka Enteritis
    • inflammation of the colon which causes diffuse lose of muscle architecture
    • looks like ulcerative colitis and can affect the entire GI track from the mouth to anus

  106. Inflammatory bowel disease affecting the large intestines
    Ulcerative colitis
  107. Ulcerative colitis
    inflammatory bowel disease affecting the large intestines
  108. Tumor of the kidney of infants
    Wilms tumor
  109. Wilms tumor
    tumor of the kidney of infants
  110. Increase of the # of cells which causes an enlargement of organs
    Hyperplasia
  111. Hyperplasia
    increase of the # of cells which causes an enlargement of organs
  112. Malignant neoplasm of the connective tissue
    Karposi's sarcoma
  113. Looks like a purple raised mass on the skin on the elbow and seen radiographically in the longs
    Karposi's sarcoma
  114. Karposi's sarcoma
    • malignant neoplasm of the connective tissue
    • looks like a purple raised mass on the skin on the elbow
    • seen radiographically in the longs
  115. Degenerative condition of the tendon fibers that attached on the bonny
    prominence (epicondyle) on the outside (lateral) of the elbow
    • Tennis elbow
    • Lateral epicondylitis
  116. Lateral epicondylitis (another name)
    • Tennis elbow
    • degenerative condition of the tendon fibers that attached on the bonny prominence (epicondyle) on the outside (lateral) of the elbow
  117. Tennis elbow (another name)
    • Lateral epicondylitis
    • degenerative condition of the tendon fibers that attached on the bonny prominence (epicondyle) on the outside (lateral) of the elbow
  118. Popliteal cyst (another name)
    • Baker's cyst
    • fluid field socket located on the posterior aspect of the knee
    • caused by ligament injury or leakage of synovial fluid
  119. Fluid field socket located on the posterior aspect of the knee that caused by ligament injury or leakage of synovial fluid
    • Baker's cyst
    • Popliteal cyst
  120. Baker's cyst (another name)
    • Popliteal cyst
    • fluid field socket located on the posterior aspect of the knee
    • caused by ligament injury or leakage of synovial fluid
  121. Osteosarcoma
    • malignant primary bone tumor
    • causes destruction to bone
  122. Median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist
    Carpal tunnel syndrome
  123. Carpal tunnel syndrome
    • median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist
  124. Benign soft tissue neoplasm of the smooth muscles
    Leiomyeloma
  125. Leiomyeloma
    benign soft tissue neoplasm of the smooth muscles
  126. Chloroma
    malignant tumor of the immature white cells
  127. Malignant tumor of the immature white cells
    Chloroma
  128. Tissues of the uterus growth too large and cause infertility, bleeding and pain
    Endometrosis
  129. Endometrosis
    tissues of the uterus growth too large and cause infertility, bleeding and pain
  130. Rare neoplasm of smooth muscles
    Leiomyosarcoma
  131. Leiomyosarcoma
    rare neoplasm of smooth muscles
  132. Hernia of the bowel through the diaphragm
    Morgagni hernia
  133. Morgagni hernia
    • hernia of the bowel through the diaphragm
  134. Cancer of the nervous system that occurs in early childhood
    Neuroblastoma
  135. Neuroblastoma
    cancer of the nervous system that occurs in early childhood
  136. Form of skin cancer
    Melanoma
  137. Melanoma
    form of skin cancer
  138. Thickening bone causing the bone to become brittle and prone to breaking
    Pagets disease
  139. Pagets disease
    thickening bone causing the bone to become brittle (хрупкий) and prone (склонный) to breaking
  140. Hereditary disease of central and eastern Jewish desert
    Tay Sachs
  141. Manifested by hyperintensity of the Basal Ganglia and Thalamus on T2
    Tay Sachs
  142. Diffuse white matter lesions, which are hyperintense on T2-weighted images
    Tay Sachs
  143. Tay Sachs
    • hereditary disease of central and eastern Jewish desert
    • hyperintensity of the Basal Ganglia and Thalamus on T2
    • diffuse white matter lesions - hyperintense on T2-weighted images
  144. Acoustic neuroma on the IAC
    Schwannomas
  145. Schwannomas
    • acoustic neuroma on the IAC
  146. Sack-like swelling on the wrist
    Ganglion cyst
  147. Ganglion cyst
    sack-like swelling on the wrist
  148. Parasitic disease caused by consuming uncooked infected meat and cat litter
    Toxoplasmosis
  149. Toxoplasmosis
    parasitic disease caused by consuming uncooked infected meat and cat litter
  150. Shrinking of the brain that causes memory loss
    Alzheimer's disease
  151. Alzheimer's disease
    shrinking of the brain that causes memory loss
  152. Chronic progressive disease that causes tremors slurred speech, poor balance and reduces speed
    Parkinson's disease
  153. Parkinson's disease
    chronic progressive disease that causes tremors slurred speech, poor balance and reduces speed
  154. Yellow plagues that lines the lumen of vessels
    Atherosclerosis
  155. Atherosclerosis
    yellow plagues that lines the lumen of vessels
  156. Bump or bruise
    Contusion
  157. Contusion
    bump or bruise
  158. Skull fracture that compresses the underlying brain
    Epidural hemorrhage
  159. Epidural hemorrhage
    skull fracture that compresses the underlying brain
  160. Rupture of vessels at brain surface due to trauma
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  161. Subarachnoid hemorrhage
    rupture of vessels at brain surface due to trauma
  162. Abnormal accumulation of fluid b/w the layers that lines the longs
    Pleural effusion
  163. Pleural effusion
    abnormal accumulation of fluid b/w the layers that lines the longs
  164. Looks like a dark triangular structure "wrist meniscus"
    • TFCC
    • Tear-damage of the Triangular Fibro Cartilage Complex
  165. TFCC
    • Tear-damage of the Triangular Fibro Cartilage Complex
    • located on the wrist
    • looks like a dark triangular structure "wrist meniscus"
  166. Lack of oxygen that causes the bowel to die
    Ischemia
  167. Ischemia
    lack of oxygen that causes the bowel to die
  168. Spinal cord is foreshortened
    Tethered cord
  169. Incomplete development of spinal cord
    Tethered cord
  170. Abnormal tissue attachments that limits the spinal cord movement
    Tethered cord
  171. Tethered cord
    • spinal cord is foreshortened
    • incomplete development of spinal cord
    • caused by abnormal tissue attachments that limits the spinal cord movement
  172. Incomplete development of spinal cord or its covering
    Spina Bifida
  173. Split cord
    Spina Bifida
  174. Spina Bifida
    • incomplete development of spinal cord or its covering
    • bright defect - split cord
  175. Paralysis of upper and lower extremities
    Quadriplegia
  176. Quadriplegia
    paralysis of upper and lower extremities
  177. Impairment of motor and sensory functions of the lower extremities due to neurological involvement such as the spinal cord
    Paraplegia
  178. Paraplegia
    impairment of the motor and sensory functions of the lower extremities due to neurological involvement such as the spinal cord
  179. Impairment of the motor and sensory functions of the lower extremities
    Tetraplegia
  180. Tetraplegia
    impairment of the motor and sensory functions of the upper extremities
  181. Breaking down of functioning of one half of the body caused by an infraction on the opposite hemisphere of the brain
    Hemi-paresis
  182. Hemi-paresis
    breaking down of functioning of one half of the body caused by an infraction on the opposite hemisphere of the brain

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