World Civ Quizes 4-6

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craigm427
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World Civ Quizes 4-6
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2015-05-01 21:01:00
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World Civ Quizes 4-6
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  1. Homer's account of the Trojan War is told in an epic poem entitled the_____________.
    Iliad
  2. (True or False) The decline of Mycenaean civilization coincided with the Greek Dark Ages.
    True
  3. Which of the following was NOT a highly prized virtue to the Greeks in the Homeric Age?
    Humility
  4. (True of False) Sparta embraced freedom of the individual will and freedom of society.
    False
  5. What event marked the beginning of the Hellenistic period in Greek history?
    The creation of an empire by Alexander the Great
  6. What was the most important contribution of the Hellenistic Age?
    The diffusion of Greek culture throughout the Near East and the Roman West
  7. (True of False)The Ancient Greeks formulated many of the West's basic political, philosophical, scientific, and artistic concepts.
    True
  8. (True of False)The Olympic Games of ancient Greece helped foster a sense of individual identity.
    False (National Identity)
  9. Which ancient Greek philosopher chose to die rather than to compromise his ideals?
    Socrates
  10. Who brought the first city-state civilizations to Italy?
    Etruscans
  11. Rome was built on the banks of the _______.
    Tiber
  12. (True or False) The early Roman Republic was marked by a change from oligarchy to democracy and Rome's expansion in Italy and the Mediterranean.
    True
  13. Which of the following contributed to the weakening of the Roman Republic?
    All of the above
  14. Which emperor blamed Christians for the fire that ravaged Rome in AD 64?
    Nero
  15. Jewish groups outside of Palestine and the Temple met in ____________(s) for local worship and instruction in the scriptures.
    Synagogue
  16. Which Roman official authorized the crucifixion of Jesus Christ?
    Pontius Pilate
  17. Among the earliest followers of Jesus Christ, the most widely traveled and successful missionary was whom?
    St. Paul
  18. (True or False) Rome transmitted the legacy of Ancient India to the rest of the world.
    True
  19. Who was the first leader of the Roman Empire?
    Julius Caesar
  20. Roman persecution of the early Christian church resulted MAINLY from what?
    Christians refused to worship the Roman emperor
  21. Put the following in order
    A. Invasion of Italy by Attila the Hun
    B. Sack of Rome
    C. Fall of Roman Empire
    B-A-C
  22. After the death of Diocletian, which leader became emperor in Rome?
    Constantine
  23. What was the primary issue taken up by the Council of Nicaea in 325?
    The theological dispute over Christ's true nature/doctrine of the trinity
  24. Why was the Edict of Milan important?
    It gave Christians legal standing and favored status in the empire
  25. In which of the following areas were the Romans most gifted?
    Government and Law
  26. (True of False) As the Roman empire decayed, the government became the agent of the military.
    True
  27. (True or False) Monsoons made sailing in the Indian Ocean basin treacherous.
    False
  28. What enabled knowledge of Chinese technologies, such as paper making, iron casting, and the compass, to spread to Rome and beyond?
    Silk Road
  29. What became the dominant faith of the central Asian trade routes?
    Buddhism
  30. The Han Dynasty collapsed as a result of which type of pressure?
    Internal
  31. What city was capital of the Eastern and Western Empires from the 4th-8th centuries?
    Constantinople
  32. Historians use the term caesaropapism to refer to what?
    The system in which the emperor has a mixture of political and religious authority
  33. What was the Hagia Sophia?
    The magnificient church at Constantinople
  34. What was Justinian's most important and long-lasting political achievement?
    The codification of Roman Law
  35. Why was the Edict of Milan important?
    It gave Christians legal standing and favored status within the empire
  36. What is Papel primacy?
    Made the bishop of Rome the supreme authority in the church
  37. What is Apostolic Primacy?
    Made Pope successor of Peter
  38. What is Pontifex Maximus?
    Gave bishop of Rome authority over all other church bishops
  39. Who is bishop of Rome?
    Spiritual leader of Rome
  40. (True or False) Church leaders never had more authority than temporal rulers.
    False
  41. From the 6th century on, what was the official language of Constantinople?
    Greek
  42. In 325 C.E., in an effort to answer the Arians, Constantine brought together leading churchmen at the Council of ____________.
    Nicaea
  43. Which statement describes St. Basil of Caesarea?
    He played a key role in the rise of monasticism
  44. What action did the pope in Rome and the patriarch in Constantinople take in 1054?
    They mutually excommunicated each other
  45. In 391, Christianity became the official religion of the Byzantine
    Empire, but there were differences between Eastern and Western
    Christianity. Which of the following was NOT one of these differences?
    A dispute over the authority of ecumenical councils
  46. Which of the following factors was NOT a major reason behind the religious fracture of Eastern and Western Christianity?
    The mystical dimension of Eastern Christianity indicated syncretism (blending of religions)
  47. What city, influenced heavily by Constantinople, was most important in the early rise of Russia?
    Kiev
  48. Where was the center of desert caravan trade?
    Mecca
  49. What is the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca known as?
    Hajj
  50. What is the Qu'ran?
    The holy book of Islam
  51. What is the Islamic holy law called?
    Sharia
  52. Why was Muhammad's move to Medina important?
    Both of the above reasons
  53. Which is not one of 5 pillars of Islam?
    Reading the Qur'an Daily
  54. (True or False)After Muhammad's death in 632 C.E., Islamic leadership transitioned to a new leader smoothly.
    False
  55. Since no religious leader could follow Muhammad, in what position did political authority rest?
    Caliph
  56. After the death of Muhammad, who received political leadership?
    Abu Bakr
  57. What did the shia believe?
    That the caliphate should follow the line of Ali
  58. The main split inside Islam was between Sunni and ____________.
    Shia
  59. Which type of Muslim considers itself to practice orthodox adherence to historical Islam?
    Shi'ites
  60. Which type of Muslim considers itself to practice a practical and moderate Islam?
    Sunnis
  61. Where was the capital of the Abbasid empire?
    Baghdad
  62. Who (or what group of people) were believed to hold correct knowledge
    and, consequently, articulated opinions and discussions that became the
    basis for the Islamic religious and social order.
    Ulama
  63. In what academic field was the main influence on Islamic thought?
    Mathematics
  64. From whom did the Muslims adopt their numerals?
    Arabia
  65. What was the greatest contribution of Sui Yangdi, the second Sui emperor?
    The construction of the Grand Canal
  66. (True of False)During the Tang Dynasty, Chinese armies pushed into Korea, Manchuria, Tibet, and northern Vietnam.
    True
  67. (True of False)Foot binding is probably the best example of the increasingly patriarchal nature of Chinese society.
    True
  68. What action did Tang emperors take in the 840s?
    They ordered the closure of monasteries and the expulsion of Buddhists
  69. What is the animistic worship of the forces of nature called in Japan?
    Shinto
  70. (True or False)Japan often used the Chinese pattern for its ruling government.
    True
  71. What were the Japanese mounted military warriors called?
    Samurai
  72. An invasion in 451 CE by the white Huns began the collapse of the _____________.
    Gupta dynasty
  73. Which emperor reunited norther India in the Seventh Century?
    Harsha
  74. Islam reached India by all of the following routes EXCEPT
    missionaries sent by the emperor Harsha
  75. Who dominated Northern India from the early 13th - mid 16th centuries?
    Sultanate of Delhi
  76. What religion dominated the kingdoms of southern India?
    Hinduism
  77. How did the rhythms of the monsoon winds affect India?
    Irrigation was necessary in arid southern India
  78. (True of False)Indian regional economies were largely self-sufficient.
    True
  79. Which of the following was NOT a product that India traded?
    Diamonds
  80. Which statement describes Hindu temples?
    Whey played an important role in the agricultural and financial development of southern India
  81. By around 1500, what portion of the total Indian population was Muslim?
    1/4th
  82. What served as a link between Southeast Asia, India, and the commercial world of the Indian Ocean?
    Islam
  83. Which statement describes the invasions of the nomadic Turkish and Mongol tribes between the 11th and 16th centuries?
    They led to the rise of transregional empires that ran from China to eastern Europe
  84. (True of False)Nomadic society was generally broken into classes of nobles and commoners, with some commoners having an opportunity for advancement.
    True
  85. The earliest religion of the Turkish peoples was________________.
    Shamanistic
  86. (True of False)The Ottoman Turks' westward expansion culminated in the conquering of the Byzantine empire's capital, Constantinople, in the 15th century.
    True
  87. What does the name Chinggis Khan mean?
    Universal Ruler
  88. What did Chinggis Khan do in an effort to strengthen the Mongol fighting forces?
    He broke up tribal organization
  89. At it's largest, the Mongol empire spanned from China to ________
    Poland
  90. Marco Polo spent almost 20 years at the court of ___________
    Khubilai Khan
  91. Which statement describes the Mongols during their time as rulers of China?
    They strove to maintain strict separation from the Chinese.
  92. Who was the late 1th century Turkish ruler united Turkish nomads and launched campaigns in southwest Asia and Anatolia?
    Tamerlane
  93. Who controlled Greece and the Balkan region by the later 15th century?
    Ottomans
  94. The introduction of a new food crop between 300 and 500 CE encouraged a fresh migratory surge in Africa. What was the crop?
    Bananas
  95. By 1000, most parts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking what language?
    Bantu
  96. Which statement describes early Bantu political structure?
    Family and Kinship groups
  97. Who comprised a Bantu village ruling council?
    the male heads of families
  98. Which statement describes a Bantu district(group of villages)?
    it was usually not ruled by a chief or larger government
  99. What was the most tightly centralized of the 14th century Bantu kingdoms?
    Kongo
  100. (True of False)Slave possession was seen as a status symbol in African cultures.
    True
  101. (True of False)The increase in trade activities across the Sahara Desert and in the Indian Ocean region did not affect the internal African slave market.
    False
  102. What/Who was Axum?
    A Christian kingdom in Ethiopia
  103. What was one of the central factors in the establishment of trans-Saharan trade?
    The arrival of the camel
  104. What was the principal state in west Africa at the time of the arrival if Islam?
    Ghana
  105. Mali would reach its peak during the reign of whom?
    Mansa Musa
  106. What does the Arabic term "Swahili" mean?
    People of the coast
  107. (True or False)While the East coast traders had contact with India, Arabia, and the Mediterranean, very little is known about the interior peoples and states of Africa.
    True
  108. Which statement describes the Swahili city-states?
    They dominated trade along the east African coast
  109. Just as the kingdoms of west Africa depended on trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Africa depended on ____________
    Indian Ocean trade
  110. The conversion of Islam by east African merchants and princes did all of the following EXCEPT
    Force the complete elimination of the animistic religions

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