IPE 2

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Author:
Alba123
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301378
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IPE 2
Updated:
2015-04-23 09:53:50
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IPE
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IPE 2
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IPE 2
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  1. Definition
    of “population”
    • group of people that live in a determined geographical area,
    • defined by number of people (size); composition (biological and social variables): age, sex, civil status; Geographical settlement (location)
  2. Definition
    of static and dynamic demography
    • Static demography: studies population in a determined moment
    • (like taking a photo in a precise instant).
    • Dynamic demography: studies population along time (changes due to people coming
    • in and out of the group)
  3. Demography
    concept
    • UNO: science
    • that studies human population (size, structure, evolution) from a quantitaive
    • point of view
  4. Is
    demography useful for Public Health?
    • yes,
    • demography provides data about population used for:
    • - rates and other health indexes
    • - epidemiological studies
    • - public health management and planning
  5. Static
    demography sources:
    •  census, poll, approximative methods, active
    • population survey.
  6.  Census concept
    • census is the main data source for static demography group of activities directed to gather, analyse and issue demographic, cultural, economical, social data of all inhabitants of the country in a determined
    • moment
  7. Types of
    census populations:
    • in fact population= people living+ transients,
    • population
    • with rights= residents present and absent (with usual residence)
  8. Conditions to be met by a true census:
    / census characertistics
    • universal:
    • it must include all the inhabitants of the country,
    • data are
    • collected in an individualized manner,
    • mandatory
    • filling in,
    • secret content
    • statistic document
    • census must be made simultaneously in the whole country
  9. Definition
    of “census moment”
    • census must
    • be made simultaneously in the whole country. As filling in all the census
    • sheets takes time, this is reached asking everbody to answer it in reference to
    • a determined day and hour
  10.  Definition of poll
    • council
    • poll is the second data source in static demography. Poll is an
    • administrative record including all neighbours. It's data proof that somebody
    • is living in the council. it includes residents and temporary residents
    • (transients)
    • it
    • includes personal data necessary for legal relations: age, sex, civil status,
    • place of birth, job
  11.  State several differencies and similarities
    between census and poll
    • poll:
    • is an administrative
    • public document that can be used for statistical studies
    • made by the council
    • census moment is every 5 years
    •  
  12. census:
    • is a statistical document
    • made by government of the nation
    • census moment is every 10 years
    •  
    •  
    • poll +census data are individual, universal, taken simultaneously, are studied by
    • the spanish national institute of statistics.
  13. Simple census and partial census
    • simple
    • census: it is a census that gathers only a small number of data, even only
    • one data, keeping it s being universal. It is made to update deographic data
    • without having to wait for 10 years until the next census
    • partial
    • census: survey is made only on one part of the population, that has been
    • selected for it s  being representative
    • of the whole community
  14. What is an
    approximative method?
    is a static demography source

    • definition:
    • in many countries of the world we dont have census or polls, and general data
    • about population is based on estimations. they are approximative data
  15.  Usefulness of active population survey
    • provide
    • important information in intercensus periods
  16. Basic shapes
    of population pyramids:
    • pagoda
    • (progressive), bell (stabilized), money-box (regressive)
  17. Sundbarg
    index: what is it useful for?
    • classify population in 3 age groups:
    • from 0-14
    • from 15-50 (principal interval, 100%)
    • more than 50 years
    • dont differenciate men and women
  18. Static
    demography indexes:
    • Bürgdofer, dependence relation (total, third
    • age and youth), aging index, Sauvy index
  19. Ratio
    men/women in Spain, according to age
    • at birth:
    • 1,07men/women
    • more than 65 years: 0,73men/women
    • total population: 0,98men/women
    • average age of resident population: 40 years (38,6 men, 41,4 women)

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