Criminology

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Author:
Mazie
ID:
301471
Filename:
Criminology
Updated:
2015-04-28 20:32:41
Tags:
victimology
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  1. 1. According to routine activities/life style
    theory, victimization is a process of chain reactions.
    That is, each offense helps generate the next.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    • 1. change “routine activities/life style theory” to “equivalent
    • group theory”
  2. 2. According to statistics, people are less
    likely to become victims of crime in hot spots of crime.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    2. change “less likely” to “more likely”
  3. 3. One of the hot spots of crime in America is night
    clubs (particularly those located in disorganized districts).

     

                       T    F
    TRUE
  4. 4. According to routine activities theory,
    victimization usually is related to the opportunities associated with specialized
    access.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    4. change “routine activities theory” to “proximity theory”
  5. 5. According to routine activities theory,
    some people become crime victims because they share the same activity spaces
    with offenders.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    5. change “routine activities theory” to “proximity theory”
  6. 6. The following is a crime of specialized access:

     

    A janitor uses his/her
    keys to steal valuables in an office

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  7. 7. The following is a crime of specialized access:

     

    A hotel desk clerk uses
    his inside knowledge to steal money from a guest

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  8. 8. The following is a crime of specialized access:

     

    A purchasing agent uses his
    position to receive kickbacks

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  9. 9. The following is a crime of specialized access:

     

    A school teacher/university
    professor uses his/her authority to assault sexually a student

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  10. 10. According to researches, crimes of specialized
    access usually take place in the context of opportunity.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  11. 11. Comparatively, people of gated communities are
    more likely to be victimized by acquaintances.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    11. change “acquaintances” to “strangers”
  12. 12. Comparatively, people of slum areas are more
    likely to be victimized by strangers.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    12. change “strangers” to “acquaintances”
  13. 13. Contract killing is a crime of
    specialized access.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    • 13. change “Contract killing” to “Sexual assault perpetrated
    • by certain school teachers”
  14. 14. According to proximity hypothesis of
    victimization, the geographic distance between offenders and victims is near.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  15. 15. Comparatively, people who frequent public
    places (such as the Six Flags Thematic
    Park in Houston) are more likely to become victims of
    crime.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  16. 16. Comparatively, people who stay in open
    places (such as parks) for hours are more likely to become victims of
    crime.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  17. 17. All public places (e.g., the Super Dome) are open
    places.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    17. change “all” to “Only certain”
  18. 18. All open places (e.g., private outdoor swimming
    pools) are public places.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    18. change “all” to “Only certain”
  19. 19. The golf courts owned by Don Trump in Nevada are open places.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  20. 20. According to statistics, people older than 65, compared to middle-aged
    people, are less likely to
    become victims of fraud.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    20. change “less likely” to “more likely”
  21. 21. The concept of victim precipitation
    is proposed by Albert Cohen.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    21. change “Albert Cohen” to “Stephen Schaefer”
  22. 22. In terms of rape resistance, vomiting is a forceful
    physical resistance.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    22. change “forceful physical” to “physiological”
  23. 23. Bystander behaviors usually will not cause the escalation of a crime, especially violent crime.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    23. delete “not”
  24. 24. Generally speaking, all individuals of hot spots
    of crime are equally vulnerable to crimes.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    • 24. While people of hot spots of crime are more likely to
    • become victims of crime, they are not equally vulnerable to crimes.
  25. 25. According to legal definitions, socially weak victims of crime should not assume any responsibility
    of victimization.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  26. 26. According to legal definitions, self-victimizing victims of crime should not assume any
    responsibility of victimization.

     

    T    F
    FALSE

    • 26. change “should not assume any responsibility” to “should
    • assume total responsibility”
  27. 27. Cycle of decline is a concept
    suggested by theorists of broken window thesis.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  28. 28. The size of hot spots of crime can expand if local
    people keep ignoring to maintain their neighborhood properly.

     

    T    F
    TRUE
  29. 29. Which of the following is a common reason for
    crime victims to report a case to the police?

     

    a. fear of reprisal

    b. social responsibility

    c. sense of relative
    deprivation

    d. non-violent subculture

    e. sympathy
    B
  30. 30. According to statistics, which of the following is
    more likely to become victims of violent crimes?

     

    a. idiots

    b. old men

    c. blue-collar workers

    d. government officials

    e. rich persons
    C
  31. 31. Statistically, which of the following is the peak
    hours of gang crimes?

     

    a. 1 - 5 am

    b. 6 - 10 am

    c. 6 - 10 pm

    d. 10 - 12 pm

    e. 8 - 10 am
    C
  32. 32. Comparatively, which of the following is more
    likely to resist?

     

    a. victims of rape

    b. victims of robbery

    c. victims of child abuse

    d. victims of spouse abuse

    e. victims of car jacking
    A
  33. 33. Which of the following research method can be used
    to study hot spots of crime?

     

    a. geographic information
    system

    b. geoprofile

    c. geographic targeting

    d. autocad

    e. all of the above
    E

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