Heart

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
301476
Filename:
Heart
Updated:
2015-05-15 23:21:58
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
heart, circulation
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    • A. fibrous pericardium
    • B. parietal layer
    • C. visceral layer 
    • B. right AV valve
    • C. pulmonary trunk
    • F. chordae tendinae
    • G. papillary muscle
  1. A. musculi pectinati
    • B4. pulmonary veins
    • C. trabaculae carne
    • D. papillary muscle
    • D. papillary muscle
    • F. pulmonary semilunar valve
    • unmarked
    • tendinae chordinae
    • tricuspid valve


    • A. aorta
    • C. inferior vena cava
    • G. right atrium
    • M. coronary artery
    • unmarked
    • fossa ovali
    • coronary sinus
    • musculi pectanati
    • F. auricle on left atrium
    • E. pulmonary veins 
    • M. coronary arteries
    • E. inferior vena cava 
    • N. pulmonary veins
    • unmarked
    • right atrium
    • pulmonary arteries
    • E. inferior vena cava
    • O. coronary sinus
    • P. coronary arteries
    • D. left ventricle 
    • H. pulmonary trunk
    • N. pulmonary veins
    • unmarked
    • right atrium
    • musculi pectinati
    • right ventricle
    • trabeculae carne
    • B. right atrium
    • F. inferior vena cava
    • G. aorta
    • H. pulmonary trunk
    • J. brachiocephalic trunk
    • K. left common carotid artery
    • L. left subclavian vein
    • Q. right common carotid artery
    • R. right subclavian artery

  2. name veins
    • veins
    • F. gonadal veins
    • E. renal
    • G. gonadal vein
    • I. inferior vena cava
    • K. common iliac arteries

  3. name arteries
    • arteries
    • A. superior mesenteric artery
    • B. inferior mesenteric artery 
    • C. celiac trunk
    • D. left renal artery
    • H. abdominal aorta
    • J. common iliac arteries
    • G. inferior vena cava 
    • D. inferior mesenteric artery
    • E. common iliac arteries
    • F. common iliac arteries
    • G. common iliac veins
    • B. superior mesenteric artery
    • D. renal arteries
    • E. gonad arteries

    • J. renal veins
    • I. gonad veins
    • arteries
    • A. celiac trunk
    • B. superior mesenteric artery
    • D. right & left renal arteries
    • veins
    • J. right & left renal veins
    • H. inferior vena cava
    • A1. hepatic artery
    • A2. gastric artery
    • A3. splenic artery
    • F. superior vena cava
    • H. right & left brachiocephalic veins
    • J. right & left jugular veins
    • K. right & left carotid artery
    • I. brachiocephalic trunk
    • L. right & left subclavian veins 
    • M
    • A. aorta
    • F. superior vena cava
    • N.pulmonary trunk
  4. Papillary muscle 
    what?
    when?
    why?
    • what: attach by chordae tendinae to AV valves
    • when: contract during ventricular contraction
    • in order to hold the AV valves in place
    • why: to prevent eversion of valves into atria
    • to prevent backflow of blood
  5. first branch 
    circulation
    coronary arteries
  6. left ventricle wall
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: thicker
    • fxn: to generate high pressure needed for systemic circulation
  7. myocardium
    • external heart muscle
    • connective tissue
  8. fibrous pericardium
    • external 
    • connective tissue
  9. pericardial sac
    ID
    fxn
    location
    histology
    • ID: fibrous pericardium
    • parietal pericardium
    • visceral pericardium
    • location: external 
    • fxn: friction free 
    • simple diffusion
    • histology: fibrous pericardium- CT
    • all else- simple squamous epithelium
  10. heart histology
    ID
    fxn
    location
    • ID: epicardium
    • myocardium
    • fxn: friction free
    • location: internal
    • histology: myocardium- CT
    • all else- simple squamous
  11. the right AV valve is also called the _______ valve. 
    tricuspid
  12. the left AV valve is also called the ______ valve or the _____ valve. 
    • bicuspid
    • mitral
  13. the valve in the aorta is called the ______ ______, while the valve in the pulmonary trunk is called the ______ ______ valve. 
    • aortic semilunar
    • pulmonary semilunar
  14. which valves are open during diastole?
    AV valves
  15. which valves are open during systole?
    semilunar valves
  16. which valves close to make 1st heart sound?
    AV valves
  17. which valves close to make 2nd heart sound?
    semilunar valves

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