Which core American ideal describes a commitment to personal initiative and self sufficiency?
what principle that characterizes our government describes the ability of all adultes to participate in our electoral system at every level, either through serving in a position or voting?
What is the major barrier in political thinking?
the unwillingness of citizens to make effort
which war set off the events leading to the revolutionary war?
French and Indian war
The port bill and massachusetts governing act were components of which act passed in the aftermath of the boston tea party?
Coercive/ intolerable acts.
Who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence?
What kind of rights are espoused in the Declaration of Independence
Natural rights/ unalienable rights (life liberty pursuit of happiness)
what are the three rights outlined in the Declaration of Independence as rights to which all people are entitled?
life liberty pursuit of happiness
What does the Declaration of Independence indicate prudence should keep people from doing?
Revolting for light or transient causes.
According to Locke, the state of nature can devolve to another state. What is this state called?
State of War
In order to get out of the state of nature, people enter into an agreement called what?
What are the years between independence and the establishment of the constitution referred to as?
The critical period.
What was the cause of Shay's rebellion?
Economic strife between poor farmers and middle class citizens
What was Shay's rebellion particularly disturbing to the founders and other government leaders?
Showed weakness in Articles of Confederation
Which rule is considered to have been the most important rule of the constitutional convetion of 1787?
Rule of secrecy
How many states were required to ratify the constitution before it could into effect?
Who were the three authors of The Federalist Papers?
John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton
Which convention was called to address trade and commercial problems in september 1786
Another name for the great compromise is what?
The Port Bill and Massachusetts governing act were components of which act passed in the aftermath of the boston tea party
coercive and intolerable acts
What are some of the features of the articles of confederation
League of Friendship
Single governing institution
super majority requirement
Lack of Enforcement mechanism
Under the articles of confederation, why was the central government continually on the verge of bankrupcy?
did not have ability to raise taxes
According to the authors of the constitution, what were key elements of the common good that a "more perfect union" would help to achieve?
improving government or one that can be changed
A contemporary legislator who voted for a bill because of a belief in its benefit, even thogh his constituents back home overwhelmingly opposed the bill, would be performing the Edmund Burke role of what?
The term for office for a Us senator is ___ years while that a member of the US house is _____ years
6 , 2
In Federalist no 51, Madison argues what element is important for ensuring a separation of powers between the three branches?
checks and balances "ambition must be made to counteract ambition"
Who was California's principal progressive politician?
Through which direct democracy measure can we remove an individual from office?
which amendment protects individuals from being tried in court twice for the same crime?
What is dillon's rule?
local governments are entirely creatures of state government
what is a federal system?
what is a unitary system?
central government tells state government what to do
What is a confederal system?
States hold power
What does federalism protect and what does it do?
liberty and moderates government power by sharing
Who wrote the pamphlet common sense?
Thomas Paine (urged colonist to break away from british rule)
Which landmark case did the supreme court rule that congress could charter a national bank that could not be taxed by the states?
mcCulloch v Maryland
What is nullification?
secession from the Union
What is federalist 10?
FACTION. Large republic.
Who propsed the idea for declaration of independence?
Richard Henry Lee
What is Federalist 51?
separation of powers. CHecks and balances.
Article 1 - legislative brance
article 2 - executive
article 3 - judicial
article IV relations among the states
article V procedures for amending the constitution
article 6 supreme law of the land
article 7 ratification
Enumerated powers could be found in Article ____ section ________
article 1 section 8
What are enumerated powers?
specific powers granted to congress. Limits power of the federal government.
Reserved powers =
those powers not specifically granted to the federal gov. revert to states
Gibbons v Ogden
Scotus ruled only fed gov has the power to regulate interstate commerce
THe federal gov expanded its powers in regulating commerce and noncommercial activities through the decision of __________
Wickard v Filburn
Brown v Board of Education overturned _____________
Plessy v Ferguson (separate but equal)
Regan administration. Returning power from fed gov back to state gov
Black grants -
Money from fed gov to states used for a general purpose (ex = education )
Categorical grants =
money issued by fed gov to the states for a specific purpose (ex = computers in schools)
Fiscal Federalism =
Federal funds used for state programs
First amendment =
freedom of religion
3rd amendment =
no need to quarter soldiers
no unreasonable search or seizure
due process, grand jury
speedy trial and impartial jury
jury trials for crimes over 20 dollars
no cruel and unusual punishments
constitution does not list EVERY individual right.
separation of powers
equal protection under the law
allowed all freemen the right to vote
direct election of senators
What is general revenue sharing?
gov should give money to states with NO conditions
Virginia plan =
called for two chambers in government. Population based. Bigger states = bigger amount of representatives