PSCI 203

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PSCI 203
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2015-04-26 23:04:03
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  1. What kind of government does the US have?
    Representative Democracy / republic
  2. Which core American ideal describes a commitment to personal initiative and self sufficiency?
    individualism
  3. what principle that characterizes our government describes the ability of all adultes to participate in our electoral system at every level, either through serving in a position or voting?
    Political equality
  4. What is the major barrier in political thinking?
    the unwillingness of citizens to make effort
  5. which war set off the events leading to the revolutionary war?
    French and Indian war
  6. The port bill and massachusetts governing act were components of which act passed in the aftermath of the boston tea party?
    Coercive/ intolerable acts.
  7. Who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  8. What kind of rights are espoused in the Declaration of Independence
    Natural rights/ unalienable rights (life liberty pursuit of happiness)
  9. what are the three rights outlined in the Declaration of Independence as rights to which all people are entitled?
    life liberty pursuit of happiness
  10. What does the Declaration of Independence indicate prudence should keep people from doing?
    Revolting for light or transient causes.
  11. According to Locke, the state of nature can devolve to another state. What is this state called?
    State of War
  12. In order to get out of the state of nature, people enter into an agreement called what?
    social contract
  13. What are the years between independence and the establishment of the constitution referred to as?
    The critical period.
  14. What was the cause of Shay's rebellion?
    Economic strife between poor farmers and middle class citizens
  15. What was Shay's rebellion particularly disturbing to the founders and other government leaders?
    Showed weakness in Articles of Confederation
  16. Which rule is considered to have been the most important rule of the constitutional convetion of 1787?
    Rule of secrecy
  17. How many states were required to ratify the constitution before it could into effect?
    9
  18. Who were the three authors of The Federalist Papers?
    John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton
  19. Which convention was called to address trade and commercial problems in september 1786
    Annapolis convention
  20. Another name for the great compromise is what?
    Connecticut compromise
  21. The Port Bill and Massachusetts governing act were components of which act passed in the aftermath of the boston tea party
    coercive and intolerable acts
  22. What are some of the features of the articles of confederation
    • League of Friendship
    • State sovereignty 
    • Single governing institution 
    • State equality 
    • Limited powers
    • super majority requirement 
    • Amendments 
    • Lack of Enforcement mechanism
  23. Under the articles of confederation, why was the central government continually on the verge of bankrupcy?
    did not have ability to raise taxes
  24. According to the authors of the constitution, what were key elements of the common good that a "more perfect union" would help to achieve?
    improving government or one that can be changed
  25. A contemporary legislator who voted for a bill because of a belief in its benefit, even thogh his constituents back home overwhelmingly opposed the bill, would be performing the Edmund Burke role of what?
    trustee
  26. The term for office for a Us senator is ___ years while that a member of the US house is _____ years
    6 , 2
  27. In Federalist no 51, Madison argues what element is important for ensuring a separation of powers between the three branches?
    checks and balances "ambition must be made to counteract ambition"
  28. Who was California's principal progressive politician?
    Theodore roosevelt
  29. Through which direct democracy measure can we remove an individual from office?
    recall
  30. which amendment protects individuals from being tried in court twice for the same crime?
    5th
  31. What is dillon's rule?
    local governments are entirely creatures of state government
  32. what is a federal system?
    shared powers
  33. what is a unitary system?
    central government tells state government what to do
  34. What is a confederal system?
    States hold power
  35. What does federalism protect and what does it do?
    liberty and moderates government power by sharing
  36. Who wrote the pamphlet common sense? 
    Thomas Paine (urged colonist to break away from british rule)
  37. Which landmark case did the supreme court rule that congress could charter a national bank that could not be taxed by the states?
    mcCulloch v Maryland
  38. What is nullification?
    secession from the Union
  39. What is federalist 10?
    FACTION. Large republic.
  40. Who propsed the idea for declaration of independence?
    Richard Henry Lee
  41. What is Federalist 51?
    separation of powers. CHecks and balances.
  42. Constitution organization:
    • preamble
    • Article 1 - legislative brance 
    • article 2 - executive 
    • article 3 - judicial 
    • article IV relations among the states
    • article V procedures for amending the constitution 
    • article 6 supreme law of the land
    • article 7 ratification
  43. Enumerated powers could be found in Article ____ section ________
    article 1 section 8
  44. What are enumerated powers?
    specific powers granted to congress. Limits power of the federal government.
  45. Reserved powers =
    those powers not specifically granted to the federal gov. revert to states
  46. Gibbons v Ogden
    Scotus ruled only fed gov has the power to regulate interstate commerce
  47. THe federal gov expanded its powers in regulating commerce and noncommercial activities through the decision of __________
    Wickard v Filburn
  48. Brown v Board of Education overturned _____________
    Plessy v Ferguson (separate but equal)
  49. devolution =
    Regan administration. Returning power from fed gov back to state gov
  50. Black grants -
    Money from fed gov to states used for a general purpose (ex = education )
  51. Categorical grants =
    money issued by fed gov to the states for a specific purpose (ex = computers in schools)
  52. Fiscal Federalism =
    Federal funds used for state programs
  53. First amendment =
    freedom of religion
  54. 2nd amendement
    bear arms
  55. 3rd amendment =
    no need to quarter soldiers
  56. Amendment 4
    no unreasonable search or seizure
  57. amendment 5
    due process, grand jury
  58. amendment 6
    speedy trial and impartial jury
  59. amendment 7
    jury trials for crimes over 20 dollars
  60. amendment 8
    no cruel and unusual punishments
  61. amendment 9
    constitution does not list EVERY individual right.
  62. Amendment 10
    separation of powers
  63. Amendment 13
    freed slaves
  64. amendment 14
    equal protection under the law
  65. amendment 15
    allowed all freemen the right to vote
  66. AMendment 16
    income tax
  67. amendment 17
    direct election of senators
  68. amendment 18
    prohibition
  69. What is general revenue sharing?
    gov should give money to states with NO conditions
  70. Virginia plan =
    called for two chambers in government. Population based. Bigger states = bigger amount of representatives
  71. new jersey plan?
    small state plan. response to virginia plan

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