Med Term Unit 5

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Med Term Unit 5
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2015-04-27 16:25:28
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Medical Terminology Unit 5, Pathology, Otorhinolarynology
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  1. Pathology
    specialty that studies diseases and is especially concerned with infectious disease
  2. cocc/i
    building words about the spherically shaped family of bacteria
  3. plural for coccus
    cocci
  4. three main types of cocci
    • diplococci
    • stretococci
    • staphylococci
  5. bacteria that grow in pairs
    diplococcus


    • ex: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    • gonococcus
  6. Cocci growing in twisted chains are
    streptococci
  7. Cocci growing in clusters are
    staphylococci
  8. strept/o
    means twisted chains or strips
  9. sore throat may be caused by a spherical bacteria growing in twisted chains called
    streptococcus
  10. staphyl/o
    used to build words that suggest growing in bunches like grapes
  11. MRSA
    methicillin- resistant staphylococcus aureas
  12. bacillus
    rod shaped bacterium
  13. rod shaped double bacillus
    diplobacillus
  14. rod shaped bacillus growing in twisted chains
    streptobacillus
  15. bacterium plural form
    bacteria
  16. plural of bacillus
    bacilli
  17. most bacteria that form pus grow in a cluster
    staphylococci
  18. common form of food poisioning is caused by fresh foods prepared with creamy dressing contaminated with
    staphylococci
  19. a common skin infection responsible for acne infections are
    staphylococcus
  20. also used to represent uvulva
    staphyl/o
  21. surgical repair of uvula
    staphyloplasty
  22. chlamydia trachomatis
    chlamydia, urogenital infection
  23. gonorrhea
    Neissera gonoorrhoeae
  24. syphilis
    Treponema pallidum
  25. hepatitis
    Hepatitis B virus
  26. HIV infection which converts to AIDS
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  27. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  28. genital herpes lesions
    herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  29. human papilloma virus (HPV)
    condylomata acuminata (venereal warts)
  30. trichomoniasis, urogenital infection
    Trichomonas vaginalis
  31. lice, pediculosis pubis (crabs)
    Phthirus pubis
  32. scabies
    Sarcoptes scabiei
  33. candidiasis (yeast infections)
    Candida albicans
  34. staphylitis
    inflammation of the uvula
  35. staphylectomy
    excision of the uvula
  36. inflammation of the uvula
    staphylitis
  37. removal of the uvula
    stphylectomy
  38. py/o
    combining form used for words involving pus
  39. pyocele
    herniation filled with pus
  40. -genic
    adjectival form meaning producing or forming
  41. bacteria that produce pus are
    pyogenic bacteria
  42. onc/o
    refers to tumors
  43. condition or substance promotes tumor production
    oncogenic
  44. organisms that produce disease
    pathogenic
  45. producing cancer noun
    oncogenesis
  46. noun form for producing pus
    pyogenesis
  47. noun for producing disease
    pathogenesis
  48. pyothorax
    an accumulation of pus in the thoracic cavity
  49. when pus forming bacteria invade the lining of the throax it results in
    pyothorax
  50. Pneumonia (fluid and infection) and lung abcess are two other disease causing
    pyothorax
  51. purulent
    contain pus
  52. purulent
    pus forming or pyogenic
  53. -rrhea
    suffix meaning flow or discharge
  54. diarrhea
    to flow through
  55. pyorrhea
    flow or discharge of pus
  56. -rrhagia
    hemorrhage
  57. -rrhapthy
    suturing
  58. -rrhexia
    rupture
  59. to indicate flow or discharge use the suffix
    -rrhea
  60. pyorrhea alveolaris
    disease of the teeth and gums
  61. pyorrhea salivaris
    disease of a salivary gland for which there is a flow of pus
  62. ot/o
    combining form for ear
  63. otorrhea
    discharge from the ear
  64. otoscope
    used to examine the ear
  65. otic solution
    prepared for treatment of the ear
  66. process of examining the ear using an otoscope
    otoscopy
  67. term that means pertaining to the ear
    otic
  68. otitis
    inflammation of the ear
  69. otitis media
    an infection in the middle ear causing inflammation and discharge
  70. auris sinistra (AS)
    referst to left ear
  71. Auris dextra (AD)
    refers to right ear
  72. ear pain
    • otalgia
    • otodynia
  73. membrana tympani dextra (MTD)
    refers to the right eardrum
  74. Membrana tympani sinistra (MTS)
    refers to the left eardrum
  75. tympanum
    eardrum
  76. tympan/o
    used to make words referring to the eardrum
  77. pertaining to the eardrum
    tympanic
  78. incision into the eardrum
    tympanotomy
  79. excision of the eardrum
    tympanectomy
  80. metr
    word root for measure
  81. -metry
    indicates the process of measuring
  82. process of measuring the function of the eardrum
    tympanometry
  83. distended with gas
    tympanities
  84. if a patient complains of a very bloated, gassy felling and has a distended abdomen, the doctor may write __________ on the chart
    tympanities
  85. a-
    prefix meaning not, lack of
  86. an-
    • not lack of
    • (goes before vowel)
  87. brady-
    abnormally slow
  88. dys-
    difficult, abnormal, poor, painful
  89. tachy-
    abnormally fast
  90. audi/o
    combining form for hearing
  91. study of hearing
    audiology
  92. instrument used to measure hearing
    audiometer
  93. process of measuring hearing
    audiometry
  94. record made by the instrument used to test hearing
    audiogram
  95. hearing specialist
    audiologist
  96. phon/o
    means voice or vocal sounds
  97. aphonia
    lack of voice, unable to make sounds
  98. dysphonia
    weak voice
  99. Bradyphasia
    slow speech
  100. aphasia
    absence of speech
  101. phonic
    pertaining to the voice
  102. phonometer
    instrument for measuring intensity of vocal sounds
  103. sutdy of voice or vocal sounds
    phonology
  104. study of hearing
    audiology
  105. study of speech
    phasology
  106. Rhinorrhea
    discharge from the nose
  107. rhin/o
    words about the nose
  108. inflammation of the nose
    rhinitis
  109. discharge from the sinuses through the nose
    rhinorrhea
  110. nasal catarrh another source of
    rhinorrhea
  111. surgical repair of the nose
    rhinoplasty
  112. incision of the nose
    rhinotomy
  113. rhinolith
    calculus or stone in the nose
  114. lith/o
    combining form for calculus or stone
  115. lithogenesis
    producing or formation of a calculi or stones
  116. adjectival form of lithogenesis
    lithogenic
  117. lithiasis
    infestation of the body with stones
  118. lithology
    science dealing with or studying calculi or stones
  119. incision for the removal of a stone
    lithotomy
  120. instrument for measuring the size of calculi
    lithometer
  121. cholelith
    gallstone
  122. chol/e
    combining form for gall or bile
  123. one result of gallbladder disease is the prescence of a gallstone or a ______
    cholelith
  124. -iasis
    suffix used to indicate pathologic condition, or infestation
  125. liver
    hepat/o
  126. pancreas
    pancreat/o
  127. duodenum
    duoden/o
  128. gallbladder
    cholecyst/o
  129. stones in gallbladder
    cholelith
  130. cholelithiasis
    presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  131. name the organism that causes trichomoniasis
    Trichomonas
  132. what organism causes moniliasis
    yeast (monilia)
  133. what organism causes elephantiasis
    filarial worm or local inflammation of lymph nodes
  134. organism that causes giardiasis
    giardia lamblia
  135. cholecyst
    medical name for the gallbladder
  136. -gram
    refers to a picture
  137. -graphy
    refers to the process of taking the picture or recording
  138. x-ray of the gallbladder
    cholecystogram
  139. process of taking an x-ray of the gallbladder
    cholecystography
  140. inflammation of the gallbladder
    cholecystitis
  141. incision into the gallbladder
    cholecystotomy
  142. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  143. stone in the nose
    rhinolith
  144. bradycardia
    abnormally slow heart action
  145. bradyphagia
    slowness in eating
  146. abnormally slow swallowing
    bradyphagia
  147. phag
    word root for eat
  148. phag/o
    conbining form for eat
  149. bradyphalgia
    chew or swallow very slowly
  150. abnormally slow heart action
    bradycardia
  151. tachy-
    fast or rapid
  152. tachycardia
    fast or rapid heart action
  153. fast eating
    tachyphagia
  154. record of the velocity of the blood flow
    tachogram
  155. abnormally rapid heartbeat
    tachycardia
  156. pne/o
    • breath
    • respiration or breathing
  157. -pnea
    suffix meaning breathing
  158. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  159. rapid breathing
    tachypnea
  160. apnea
    without breathing
  161. if the level of carbon dioxide in the blood falls very very low ______ results
    apnea
  162. increased carbon dioxide in the blood causes
    tachypnea
  163. prefixes meaning without
    • a-
    • an-
  164. agenesis
    • without generation
    • failure to develop or lack of development
  165. when an organ does not develop, physicians use the word _________
    agenesis
  166. when the stomach is not formed ______ of the stomach results
    agenesis
  167. development of cancer
    carcinogenesis
  168. pertaining to the development of cancer
    carcinogenic
  169. dys-
    prefix for painful
  170. men/o
    combining form for menstruation
  171. painful or difficult menstruation
    dysmenorrhea
  172. absence of menstruation
    amenorrhea
  173. dysphagia
    difficult swallowing
  174. dystrophy
    means poor development
  175. difficult breathing
    dyspnea
  176. peps/o
    digesetion
  177. adjective for digestion
    peptic
  178. dyspepsia
    poor digestion
  179. cessation of the digestion
    apepsia
  180. slow digestion
    bradypepsia
  181. stomach ulcers
    peptic ulcers
  182. arrhythmia
    condition in which there is loss of correct rhythm
  183. tachycardia and bradycardia are types of
    arrhythmia
  184. difficulty swallowing
    dysphagia
  185. difficulty vocalizing
    dysphonia
  186. difficulting reading and putting letters in order
    dyslexia
  187. difficulty speaking
    dysphasia
  188. an instrument used to measure heat
    thermometer
  189. pertaining to heat
    thermic, thermal
  190. oversensitivity to heart
    thermoesthesia
  191. formation of body heat
    thermogenesis
  192. abnormal fear of heat
    thermophobia
  193. heatstroke (paralysis)
    thermoplegia
  194. heating through tissue (treatment)
    diathermy
  195. diathermy
    generating heat through (tissues)
  196. high body temperature
    hyperthermia
  197. low body temperature
    hypothermia
  198. abnormally small head
    microcephalus
  199. very small cyst
    microcyst
  200. very small cele
    microcyte
  201. condition of having a small heart
    microcardia
  202. microgram
    one thousandth or a milligram
  203. surgery performed on minute structures using a microscope and small instrument is
    microsurgery
  204. macro-
    means large
  205. macroscopic
    can be seen with the naked eye
  206. very large cells
    macrocyte
  207. abnormally large head
    macrocephalus
  208. large embryonic germ cell
    macroblast
  209. very large coccus
    macrococcus
  210. macroglossia
    very large tongue
  211. macrotia
    large ear
  212. macrorhinia
    large nose
  213. macrocheilia
    large lips
  214. dactyl
    finger and toes
  215. macrodactylia
    condition of abnormally large fingers or toes
  216. dactyl
    word root for fingers and toes
  217. large fingers or toes
    • dactylomegaly
    • macrodactylia
  218. inflammation of a digit
    dactylitis
  219. cramp or spasm of a digit
    dactylospasm
  220. a fingerprint
    dactylogram
  221. polydactylism
    means too many digits or toes
  222. syn-
    with or together
  223. syndactylism
    means joining together of two or more digits
  224. person with two or more fingers joined together has a condition called
    syndactylism
  225. synergism
    when two or more drugs or organs work together to produce an increased effect
  226. synarthrosis
    indicates an immovable joint
  227. drom/o
    run
  228. syndrome
    symptoms occuring together (running along)
  229. complete picture of a disease
    syndrome
  230. syndrome due to alcoholism
    korsakoff's syndrome
  231. prodrome
    running before (a disease)
  232. symptom indicating an approaching disease
    prodrome
  233. sneezes that come before a common cold are the
    prodromes
  234. dips
    word root for thirst
  235. polydipsia
    excessive thirst (desire for much fluid)
  236. dipsomania
    old term for alcoholism
  237. AD
    right ear, auris dextra
  238. AS
    auris sinistra
  239. AU
    both ears
  240. BP
    blood pressure
  241. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  242. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  243. FAS
    fetal alcohol syndrome
  244. GB
    gallbladder
  245. GNID
    gram negative intracellular diplococcus
  246. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  247. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  248. HPV
    human papillomavirus
  249. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  250. Ht
    height
  251. HUS
    hemorrhagic uremic syndrome
  252. LMP
    last menstrual period
  253. MTD
    • right eardrum
    • membrana tympani dextra
  254. MTS
    • left eardrum
    • membrana tympani sinistra
  255. NVS
    neurological vital signs
  256. OM
    otitis media
  257. O&P
    ova and parasites
  258. P
    pulse
  259. R
    respiration rate
  260. SIDS
    sudden infant death syndrome
  261. TB
    terberculosis
  262. VS
    • vital signs
    • T, P, R. BP
  263. alcoholism
    chronic physcial and psychological addiction to alcohol
  264. amenorrhea
    absence of menstruation
  265. apepsia
    cessation of digestion
  266. audiogram
    graphic record of hearing function
  267. calculi
    small stones
  268. carcinogenesis
    formation of cancer
  269. cholangiogram
    x ray of the bile ducts
  270. cholelithiasis
    infestation with gallstones
  271. diplobacillus
    double bacillus
  272. diplococci
    cocci growing in pairs
  273. dyslexia
    condition characterized by difficulty reading and spelling
  274. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  275. dysrrhythmia
    irregular rhythm
  276. hydocephalus
    enlarged head due to fluid accumulation
  277. macrocheilia
    large lips
  278. macroglossia
    enlarged tongue
  279. moniliasis
    yeast infection
  280. oncogenesis
    tumor forming
  281. otic
    pertaining to the ear
  282. otodynia
    earache
  283. paraphasia
    abnormal speech
  284. pathogenic
    disease producing
  285. phasology
    science that studies speech
  286. polydactylism
    condition of having more than five digits on hands or feet
  287. polydipsia
    condition of excessive thirst
  288. pyogenic
    puss forming
  289. rhinorrhea
    runny nose
  290. staphylectomy
    excision of the uvula
  291. staphylitis
    inflammation of the uvula
  292. syndrome
    symptoms that occur together to characterize a disease
  293. thermoesthesia
    oversensitivity to heat
  294. thermoplegia
    paralysis caused by a person being exposed to too high of temperature (heat stroke)
  295. trichomoniasis
    infestation with Trichomonas

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