What are the communications b/w the synovial compartments of the stifle joint?
ALWAYS a communication b/w the femoropatellar and medial femorotibial compartments; NEVER a communication b/w medial and lateral femorotibial compartments; 25% of horses have a communication b/w the femoropatellar and lateral femorotibial compartments
What structure is underneath the patella?
infrapatellar fat pad
What are the components of the of the patellar loop?
patella/fibrocartilage, medial patellar ligament, intermediate patellar ligament, tubercle of the medial trochlear ridge
What is the purpose of the patellar loop?
the medial and intermediate patellar ligaments lock around the tubercle of the medial trochlear ridge to lock the knee in a standing position; to unlock, contract quadriceps
Describe the clinical condition of upward fixation. How is it treated?
horse cannot unlock the stifle so they swing their leg out when walking; treat with medial patellar desmotomy
What lymph nodes are enlarged with gonitis?
lateral iliac ln.
What are the components of the flexor canal?
flexor retinaculum over the tarsal groove
The sustenaculum tali is on the ____________ surface of the talus.
What are the synovial compartments of the hock joint from proximal to distal?