Psychology Intelligence and Personality

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Psychology Intelligence and Personality
2015-04-30 22:44:16
Intelligence and personality
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  1. What is intelligence?
    The capacity to process information
  2. What year was the test created and by who?
    1905 by Albert Binet
  3. What was the purpose behind the test?
    • To find mental age
    • To figure out which level kids should be in at school
  4. What year was the test brought to the United States and who brought it?
    1911 Louis Terman
  5. What was the formula for calculating IQ?
    mental age divided by chronological age * 100
  6. (6/8) * 100= 75 IQ (Below average intelligence)      (8/8) * 100= 100 IQ (Exact Intelligence)      (8/6) * 100= 130 IQ (Above Average Intelligence)
  7. What is the broad average range?
    • 65 percent 
    • 85-115 IQ
  8. What is the below average range?
    • 15 percent
    • 70-85 IQ
  9. What is the above average range?
    • 15 percent
    • 115-130
  10. What is the gifted superior range?
    • 2.5 Percent
    • 130 and above
  11. What is the mental retardation range?
    • 2.5 percent
    • 55 and lower
  12. What are the two ranges where you would take the IQ test?
    mental retardation and gifted
  13. What are the two IQ tests?
    • 1. Stanford Binet
    • 2. Wechsler Scales
  14. What is the difference between the Stanford Binet and Wechsler Scales?
    • Stanford Binet carries all the questions from ages 2-adults
    • The Wechsler scales, the questions are split up into scales in a suitcases (WIsC and WAIS)
  15. What are the three reasons Why we take the two tests?
    • 1. Standardized
    • 2. Validity
    • 3. Reliability
  16. how are the two test standardized?
    • questions don’t change
    • done all at once
    • Verbal (cognitive, asking questions verbally, multiple choice)
    • performance (blocks, puzzles, picture completion)
  17. How is the test valid?
    It is valid in being able to test intelligence
  18. How is the test reliable?
    • Being able to take the test in a few years and still get about the same score, but still same average range
    • Being able to take the two tests and still get about the same score
  19. What are the 3 theories of intelligence?
    • 1. G Factor
    • 2. Theory of Multiple Intelligence
    • 3. Triarchic Theory
  20. Who created the G factor theory?
    Charles Spearman
  21. What is the g factor?
    • Generalized
    • Stating that your intelligence is generalized, that if you have low intelligence you will be low in everything you do, same goes for high
    • Con- Can create high expectations and low expectations
  22. What is the s factor?
  23. Who created the theory of multiple intelligence?
    Howard Gardner
  24. What are the 7 theories of intelligence?
    • 1. Spatial relations
    • 2. Intrapersonal
    • 3. Interpersonal (naturalistic)
    • 4. Bodily kinesthetic
    • 5. Musical
    • 6. Logical/mathematical
    • 7. Language
  25. What is spatial relations?
    person with great use of physical space, someone who can visualize things, creative ex. designers, artists, architect
  26. What is intrapersonal
    Person who is intouched with themselves, spiritually in touch, meditation, intouch with their emotions, ex. dali lama
  27. What is musical?
    ability to write, compose music, learn by ear, play am instrument
  28. What is bodily kinesthetic?
    coordination, motor control, people who can excel in sports, ex. athletes, contortionist
  29. What is interpersonal (naturalistic)?
    people skills, great communication skills, able to read and understand people, intuned with nature, environment ex. teacher, psychologist, nurse
  30. What is logical/mathematical?
    someone who has an ability of problem solving, allowing us to problem solve
  31. What is language?
    person who knows more than one language, someone able to speak one language but having a strong vocabulary ex. writers, author, public speakers
  32. Who created the Triarchic Theory?
    Robert stenberg
  33. What are the parts of the triarchic theory?
    • 1. Practical
    • 2. Academic
    • 3. Creativity
  34. What is ideational fluency?
    ability to come up with your own ideas
  35. What is personality?
    relatively stable pattern of behaviors, beliefs, motives, motives, thoughts, that make us unique
  36. What is the evidence that nature plays a part in personality?
    Temperament (birth-1)
  37. how long does temperament last?
    Birth to 1
  38. what are the three types of temperament?
    • 1. easy
    • 2. difficult
    • 3. slow
  39. What is meant by easy temperament?
    child that is well adjusted, eat and sleep well, happy, content, smile a lot, transfer situations well
  40. What is meant by difficult temperament?
    does not eat well and spit things out, not sleeping well, agitated, irritated, crying a lot and seem unhappy
  41. What is meant by slow temperament?
    tartles easily, slow to warm up, anxious, shy
  42. WHat is goodness of fit?
    how well does the children and parents temperament get along with each other and connect, foundation for future relationships
  43. What is self concept?
    who we are
  44. What is is self ideal?
    self actualization, best possible self you could become, measure self concept by self ideal
  45. What is self esteem and what does it do?
    • If we are too far away from where we want to be it brings us low self esteem
    • If you feel that you are on your way and are close you will have high self esteem
    • Confidence is the driving force to keep you trying to reach self ideal, and high self esteem
    • It is learned from our peers and what we hear from others
  46. What are the 4 main theories of personality?
    • 1. Psychoanalytic
    • 2. Trait
    • 3. Sociocognitive
    • 4. Humanistic
  47. Who is associated with psychoanalytic?
    Freud Psychodynamic- seek pleasure and avoid pain, (ID, Ego (self), Superego)

    • Psychosexual stages
    • Oral
    • anal
    • Phallic
    • Latent
    • genital
    • talk about how fixation affect personality
  48. What is an individualistic?
    define and describe ourselves as an individual, describing the behaviors, qualities, traits to define our action
  49. What is a collectivist?
    define ourselves into the groups we think we belong, or our roles ex, student, teacher, photographer
  50. What are the 4 types of personalities in Hans Eysenk personality wheel??
    • 1. Phlegmatic
    • 2. Melancholic
    • 3. Sanguine
    • 4. Choleric
  51. What is phlegmatic?
    person who is introverted and stable, calm, peaceful and careful
  52. What is Melancholic?
    person who is introverted and unstable, pessimistic, moody,
  53. What is Choleric?
    person who is extroverted and unstable in emotions, touchy, restless, aggressive, anxious, impulsive, active,
  54. What is Sanguine?
    person who is extroverted and stable, outgoing, talkative, responsive, carefree, leadership
  55. What is sociocognitive (social learning)?
    we are a product of how we interpret our environment, learning how to make changes and be defeated by it
  56. What are the three things in the sociocognitive perspective?
    • 1. We choose our environment (sometimes)
    • 2. We choose how to interpret our environment
    • Glass half empty/ half full
    • People who see it positive tend to be more successful
    • 3. How we interpret determines who we are
  57. What is humanistic?
    Being all you can be, reaching self actualization
  58. What should you do to reach self actualization?
    Set Goals
  59. What are the three types of goals?
    • short term
    • mid term
    • long term