1750: Osteoarthritis, EXAM III

Card Set Information

Author:
xiongav
ID:
301697
Filename:
1750: Osteoarthritis, EXAM III
Updated:
2015-05-16 16:49:53
Tags:
exam iii
Folders:

Description:
OSTEO, PD, MS
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user xiongav on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is Osteoarthritis? (aka degenerative joint disease)

    Is it a normal part of aging?
    • Progressive deterioration of joint cartilage with formation of new bone (bone spurs: b/c rubbing together of bones) in
    • joint spaces.

    No.
  2. What is the "etiology" of OA?

    Primary & Secondary
    Primary: unknown

    • Secondary:
    • trauma, repetitive motions, joint
    • inflammation; skeletal deformities.
  3. What are "risk factors" for OA?

    age
    weight
    gender
    exercise
    • age
    • obesity: excess fat has a metabolic affect on development.
    • gender: females decrease in estrogen; increase in growth hormone.
    • strenuous exercise or inactivity
  4. What are the s/sx of OA?

    Is inflammation localized?

    Are there any systemic sx?
    Joint Pain: 1+ joints, worsens w/ ACTIVITY, may be referred, or parasthesia w/ pain.

    Joint Stiffness: 1+ joints, ROM changes, worsens w/ INACTIVITY.

    Localized inflammation

    NO systemic sx
  5. What is a synovial analysis looking for?
    Biochemical marker within synovial fluid.
  6. Nursing assessments for OA. What does OLDCART stand for?
    • Onset, Location, Duration,
    • Characteristics, Aggravating
    • factors, Relieving factors, Timing.
  7. What is the first line drug used 

    What is used when inflammation is present?
    Acetaminophen

    NSAIDs when inflammation present.
  8. What are some "non-pharm" interventions?

    (think of modifiable RFs)

    What are some OTC meds?
    • Wt management if obese
    • Exercise
    • Heat & cold therapy (manage pain/reduce stiff)
    • Nutritional & herbal supplements
    • Complementary therapies (massage, acupuncture, yoga)

    Chondroitin and Glucosomine.
  9. What foods (nightshade foods) should Pts w/ OA avoid?
    potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants.
  10. What is the joint replaced w/ (partial/total) and what is the procedure called?

    *Done as last resort
    Partial and Total joint replacement are replaced with an artificial joint. The procedure is called: arthroplasty.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview