Med Term Unit 6

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cfalgo1
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Med Term Unit 6
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2015-04-28 17:19:22
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Medical Terminology Unit 6 Urology and Gynecology
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  1. ur/o
    urine
  2. nephr/o
    kidney
  3. ren/o
    kidney
  4. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  5. ureter/o
    ureter
  6. cyst/o
    bladder
  7. urethr/o
    urethera
  8. urology
    the study of the urinary tract
  9. the urinary tract is responsible for
    for forming urine from excess water and waste materials in the blood and eliminating urine from the body
  10. urologist
    a physician specialist with expertise in treating disorders of the male and female urinary system and male reproductive system
  11. pertaining to the urinary tract and genitals
    urogenital or genitourinary
  12. any disease of the urinary tract
    uropathy
  13. -uria
    suffix meaning condition of the urine
  14. polyuria
    excessive amount of urine
  15. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  16. anuria
    suppressed or lack of urination
  17. oliguria
    abnormally low amounts of urine
  18. hermaturia
    blood in the urine
  19. albuminuria
    protein albumin in the urine
  20. glycosuria
    sugar in the urine
  21. ketonuria
    ketones in the urine
  22. nocturnalenuresis
    bed wetting
  23. bacteriauria
    bacteria in the urine
  24. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  25. polyneuropathy
    disease of many nerves
  26. inflammation of many nerves
    polyneuritis
  27. inflammation of many joints
    polyarthritis
  28. pain in many nerves
    polyneuralgia
  29. state of having too many or more than two ears
    polyotia
  30. polycystic
    many cysts
  31. polyphagia
    eating too much
  32. polyphobia
    excessive fear of things
  33. ren
    word root for kidney
  34. pertaining to the kidney
    renal
  35. any kidney disease
    renopathy
  36. record from an x-ray of the kidney
    renogram
  37. adren/o
    adrenal gland
  38. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  39. renointestinal
    pertaining to the kidneys and intestine
  40. renogastric
    pertaining to the kidneys and stomach
  41. inflammation of the kidney
    nephritis
  42. nephrons
    functional units of the kidney
  43. -ptosis
    suffix meaning condition of prolapse or displacement
  44. nephroptosis
    • can occur from a hard blow or jolt to the kidney
    • prolapse of the kidney
  45. nephropexy
    fixation of a prolapsed kidney
  46. -pexy
    suffix for surgical fixation
  47. nephroplasty
    surgical repair of the kidney
  48. specific type of repair to treat nephroptosis
    nephropexy
  49. stone in the kidney
    nephrolith
  50. softening of kidney tissue
    nephromalacia
  51. enlargement of the kidney
    nephromegaly
  52. destruction of kidney tissue
    nephrolysis
  53. gallstone
    cholelith
  54. condition of gallstones
    cholelithiasis
  55. nasal stones
    rhinoliths
  56. renal pelvis is formed at the juncture of the
    calyces
  57. inflammation of the renal pelvis
    pyelitis
  58. surgical repair of the renal pelvis
    pyeloplasty
  59. pyelonephrosis
    condition of the renal pelvis and the kidney
  60. inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney
    pyelonephritis
  61. x-ray of the renal pelvix
    pyeolgram
  62. ureterolith
    stone or calculus in the ureter
  63. herniation of the ureter
    uereterocele
  64. disease of the ureter
    ureteropathy
  65. ureteropyeloplasty
    surgical repair of the ureter and the renal pelvis
  66. inflammation of the ureter and renal pelvis
    ureteropyelitis
  67. making a new opening between the ureter and bladder
    ureterocystosatomy
  68. condition of the ureter involving pus
    ureteropyosis
  69. ureterorrhaphy
    suturing or stitching of the ureter
  70. -rrhaphy
    means suturing or stitching
  71. -rrhea
    runny, flow, or discharge
  72. -rrhagia
    hemorrhage, abnormal bleeding
  73. -rrhaphy
    suturing or wound closure
  74. suturing of the ureter
    ureterorrhaphy
  75. suturing of the skin
    dermatorrhaphy
  76. suturing of a kidney
    nephrorrhaphy
  77. suturing of the bladder
    cystorrhaphy
  78. suturing of the nerve
    neurorrhaphy
  79. suturing of the vagina
    colporrhaphy
  80. colp/o
    vagina
  81. urethr/o
    urethra
  82. ureter/o
    ureter
  83. uter/o
    uterus
  84. urethrorrhaphy
    suturing the urethra
  85. incision into the urethra
    urethrotomy
  86. spasm of the urethra
    urethrospasm
  87. urethrorectal
    pertaining the the urethra and rectum
  88. urethrovaginal
    pertaining to the urethra and the vagina
  89. inflammation of the urethra and the bladdere
    urethrocystitis
  90. -rrhagia
    hemorrhage or bursting forth of blood
  91. gastrorrhagia
    stomach hemorrhage
  92. encephalorrhagia
    brain hemorrhage
  93. hemorrhage of urethra
    urethrorrhagia
  94. excessive bleeding during menstrauation
    menorrhagia
  95. hemorrhage of the bladder
    cystorrhagia
  96. hemorrhage of the ureter
    ureterorrhagia
  97. spermat/o
    spermatozoa or sperm
  98. sperm/o
    spermatozoa or sperm
  99. spermatogenesis
    formation of spermatozoa, formation of sperm
  100. destruction of spermatozoa
    spermolysis, spermatolysis
  101. immature sperm cell
    • spermatoblast
    • spermoblast
  102. a bladder or sac containing sperm
    spermatocyst
  103. resembling sperm
    spermatoid
  104. disease of sperm
    spermatopathy
  105. herniated saclike structure containing sperm
    spermatocele
  106. vas/o
    vas deferens
  107. epididym/o
    epididymis
  108. orchid/o
    testis
  109. orchi/o
    testis
  110. orch/o
    testis
  111. scrot/o
    scrotum
  112. -cide
    suffix meaning to kill or destroy
  113. agent used to kill sperm
    spermicide
  114. orchidectomy
    removal of a testicle
  115. orchiectomy
    excision of the testicle
  116. orchectomy
    excision of the testicle
  117. balan/o
    glans penis
  118. pain of the testes
    • orchidalgia
    • orchidodynia
  119. adjective form of testicle
    testicular
  120. cryptorchidism
    when the testicles fail to descend from the abdominal cavity into the scrotum
  121. surgical repair to fix cryptorchidism
    orchidoplasty, orchidopexy
  122. herniation of a testicle
    orchidocele
  123. incision into a testicle
    orchidotomy
  124. cryptorchidism
    means undescended testicle
  125. crypt
    means hidden
  126. when a testicle is hidden in the abdominal cavity
    cryptorchidism
  127. cryptic
    adjective for hidden
  128. prostat/o
    relating to the prostate gland
  129. adjectival form for prostate
    prostatic
  130. inflammation of the prostate gland
    prostatitis
  131. semin/o
    semen
  132. combination of fluids and sperm
    seminal fluid
  133. the seminal vesicles also secrete a fluid that combined with the prostatic fluid and sperm is called
    semen
  134. prostatorrhea
    abnormal flow or discharge from the prostate gland
  135. prostatic pain
    prostatalgia
  136. prostatectomy
    excisionof the prostate
  137. balan/o
    combining form for glans penis
  138. balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  139. surgical repair of the glans penis
    balanoplasty
  140. flow or discharge from the glans penis
    balanorrhea
  141. pen/o
    words about the penis
  142. penile
    adjectival form for penis
  143. inflammation of the penis
    penitis
  144. scrotal
    adjectival form for scrotum
  145. saclike structure that contains the testes
    scrotum
  146. pertaining to the penis and scrotum
    penoscrotal
  147. o/o
    egg or ovum
  148. ooblast
    an embryonic egg cell
  149. oogenesis
    formation and development of an ovum
  150. oophor/o
    ovary
  151. oophorectomy
    excision of the ovary
  152. inflammation of the ovary
    oophoritis
  153. tumor of an ovary
    oophoroma
  154. my/o
    myometrium
  155. metr/o
    myometrium
  156. cervic/o
    cervix
  157. an/o
    anus
  158. salping/o
    fallopian tube
  159. hyster/o
    uterus
  160. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  161. colp/o
    vagina
  162. oophoropexy
    fixation of displaced ovary
  163. fixation of a displaced testicle
    orchidopexy
  164. surgical procedure to fixate a prolapsed ovary is called
    oophoropexy
  165. salping/o
    fallopian tube
  166. salpingoscope
    instrument used to examine the fallopian tube
  167. new surgical opening made in a fallopian tube
    salpingostomy
  168. inflammation of a fallopian tube
    salpingitis
  169. excision of a fallopian tube
    salpingectomy
  170. eustachian tubes of ear
    salping/o
  171. inflammation of the fallopian tube and ovary
    salpingo-oophoritis
  172. hernia that encloses the fallopian tube and ovary is
    salphingo-oophorocele
  173. colpitis
    inflammation of the vagina
  174. vaginal pain
    colpodynia
  175. disease of the vagina
    • colpopathy
    • vaginopathy
  176. colpospasm
    spasm of the vaginia
  177. excision of part of the vagina
    colpectomy
  178. fixation of the vagina
    colpopexy
  179. surgical repair of the vagina
    colpoplasty
  180. instrument for examining the vagina
    colposcope
  181. incision into the vaginal wall
    colpotomy
  182. hyster/o
    uterus
  183. hysterectomy
    excision of the uterus
  184. hysterotomy
    incision into the uterus
  185. hysterospasm
    spasm of the uterus
  186. hysterogram
    x ray of the uterus
  187. x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes
    hysterosalpingogram
  188. disease of the uterus
    hysteropathy
  189. hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy
    excision of the utuerus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
  190. metr/o
    meaning womb
  191. endometrium
    inner layer of tissues of the uterus
  192. an instrument with a light source used to see the uterus
    hysteroscope
  193. the procedure of using an instrument with a light source to look into the uterus
    hysteroscopy
  194. adjectival form of uterus
    uterine
  195. combining form for uterus as an organ
    hyster/o
  196. combining form for uterus as a tissue
    metr/o
  197. metritis
    inflammation of the uterine musculature
  198. metroparalysis
    paralysis of the uterus or uterine musculature
  199. metroplegia
    paralysis of the uterus or uterine musculature
  200. abnormal flow or discharge from the uterine tissues
    metrorrhea
  201. 2 words meaning uterine disease
    • metropathy
    • hysteropathy
  202. 2 words meaning herniation of the uterus
    • metrocele
    • hysterocele
  203. endometrium
    lining of the uterus
  204. inflammation of the uterine lining
    endometritis
  205. disease of the uterine tissue
    metropathy
  206. endometriosis
    condition in which tissue looks and acts like endometrial tissue found in places other than the lining of the uterus
  207. excision of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
    hysterosalpingo-oorphorectomy
  208. hysteroptosis
    prolapse of the uterus
  209. hysteropexy
    fixation of a prolapsed uterus
  210. when the uterus prolapses
    hysteroptosis
  211. prolapse of the vagina
    colpoptosis
  212. surgical fixation of the uterus
    hysteropexy
  213. uterine hernia
    hysterocele
  214. cervicoplasty
    surgical repair of the cervix
  215. inflammation of the cervix
    cervicitis
  216. pertaining to the cervix
    cervical
  217. conization
    a cone shaped cut is made in the cervix to remove endocervical tissue
  218. electrocautery
    used to perform conization
  219. a ________ may be performed to remove a cone shaped sample of cervical tissue
    conization
  220. gynecology
    field of medicine that deals with disease of women
  221. gynec/o
    woman
  222. gyn/e
    women
  223. gynecologic
    adjective form of gynecology
  224. the physician who deals with disorders of wome is called the
    gynecologist
  225. resembling woman
    gynecoid
  226. any disease peculiar to women
    gynecopathy
  227. abnormal fear of women
    gynecophobia
  228. vas/o
    combining form for blood vessel
  229. vasodilatation
    enlarging the diameter of a vessel
  230. vasoconstriction
    • opposite of vasodilation
    • decreasing the size of the diameter of the vessel
  231. vasomotor
    adjective that refers to nerves that control the tone of the blood vessel walls
  232. pertaining to a vessel
    vasal
  233. spasm of a vessel
    vasospasm
  234. crushing of a vessel (with forceps to stop hemorrhage)
    vasotripsy
  235. incision into the vas deferens
    vasotomy
  236. suture of the vas deferens
    vasorrhaphy
  237. making a new opening into the vas deferens
    vasostomy
  238. removal of a segment of the vas deferens
    vasectomy
  239. AID
    artificial insemination
  240. AIH
    artificial insemination with husbands sperm
  241. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia
  242. CIS
    carcinoma in situ
  243. cysto
    cystoscopy
  244. D&C
    dilation and currettage
  245. ESRD
    end-stage renal disease
  246. F
    female
  247. GYN
    gynocology
  248. HSG
    hysterosalpingogram
  249. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram
  250. KUB
    kidney ureter bladder
  251. M
    male
  252. MD
    doctor of medicine
  253. Pap
    papanicolaou test
  254. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  255. PSA
    prostate specific antigen
  256. RPG
    retrograde pyelogram
  257. sp gr
    specific gravity
  258. SpG
    specific gravity
  259. TAH
    total abdominal hysterectomy
  260. TSE
    testicular self exam
  261. TUR
    transurethral resection
  262. UA
    urinalysis
  263. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  264. antineoplastic
    agent that works against tumor growth
  265. cervical
    pertaining to the neck and cervix
  266. conization
    excision of a cone shaped endocervical tissue
  267. cryptorchidism
    condition of an undescended testis
  268. cystorrhagia
    hemorrhage of the bladder
  269. cystorrhaphy
    suture of the urinary bladder
  270. dermatorrhaphy
    suture of the skin
  271. dysplasia
    abnormal development that may be cancerous
  272. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  273. endometriosis
    condition of the endometrial tissue growing outside of the endometrium
  274. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  275. glycosuria
    glucose in the urine
  276. gynecoid
    resembling a woman or female structures
  277. hematuria
    blood in urine
  278. hemorrhage
    bleeding
  279. menorrhea
    softening of kidney tissue
  280. nephromegaly
    enlargement of kidney
  281. suturing of a nerve
    neurorrhaphy
  282. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  283. oliguria
    abnormally low amount of urine
  284. penile
    pertaining to the penis
  285. penitis
    inflammation of the penis
  286. penoscrotal
    pertaining to the penis and scrotum
  287. polyarthritis
    inflammation of many joints
  288. polycystic
    having many cysts
  289. polyneuralgia
    pain in many nerves
  290. polyneuritis
    inflammation of many nerves
  291. polyotia
    having more than two ears
  292. pyelitis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  293. pyelogram
    x ray of the renal pelvis
  294. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
  295. salpingostomy
    forming a new opening in the fallopian tube
  296. scrotum
    sac like structure containing testes
  297. seminoma
    tumor containing sperm
  298. spermatocyst
    saclike structure containing sperm
  299. spermatoid
    resembling sperm
  300. spermatolysis
    destruction of sperm
  301. ureterocystostomy
    procedure to form a new opening between the ureter and the urinary bladder
  302. ureteropyelitis
    inflammation of the ureter and the renal pelvis
  303. ureteropyosis
    condition of pus in the ureter
  304. urogenital
    pertaining to the urinary tract and genitals
  305. uterine
    pertaining to the uterus
  306. vasorrhaphy
    surturing of vessel or vas deferens
  307. vasotripsy
    surgical crushing of a vessel

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