physics Lab final.txt

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physics Lab final.txt
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Physics 1 final
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  1. Purpose of the Superposition of Waves experiment
    To obtain the resultant wave formed by the superposition of two traveling waves
  2. Transverse Wave
    The wave causes the medium to vibrate in a direction perpendicular to the direction of motion of the wave
  3. Longitudinal Wave
    The wave cause the medium to vibrate in a direction parallel to the direction of the motion of the wave
  4. Baseline
    The horizontal line drawn through the wave and represents the undisturbed part of the medium
  5. Crest
    The highest point on a wave
  6. Trough
    The lowest point on a wave
  7. Wavelength
    The distance between two adjacent crests or two adjacent troughs
  8. Amplitude
    The distance from the baseline to a crest or trough
  9. Frequency
    Number of waves passing a stationary point per second
  10. Period
    Time required for one vibration
  11. Wave Speed
    Distance that the wave travels divided by time to travel that distance
  12. Constructive Interference
    When the crest of one wave overlaps the crest of another, their individual effects adds together to produce a wave of increased amplitude
  13. Destructive Interference
    When the crest of one wave overlaps the trough of another, their individual effects cancel to produce a wave of decreased amplitude
  14. Purpose of the Vibrating String experiment
    To study harmonics and overtones in a vibrating string
  15. Harmonic
    A partial tone whose frequency is an integer multiple of the fundamental frequency
  16. Purpose of the Organ Pipe experiment
    To study overtones and harmonics of standing waves in organ pipes
  17. Emission Spectrum
    Bright lines with dark backgrounds
  18. Continuous Spectrum
    No breakage between colors
  19. Absorption Spectrum
    Continues but there is breakage
  20. Quantum Mechanics
    Assure us that an atom absorbs the same wavelengths of light it would emit if excited
  21. Purpose of the Spectra experiment
    To observe the spectrum of light emitted from various types of light sources
  22. Purpose of the Ray Box Part One experiment
    To learn about reflection and refraction of light as well as color addition and color subtraction
  23. Law of Reflection
    States that when light is incident on a specular reflecting surface, the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection
  24. Normal
    Line the is perpendicular to the surface of the mirror
  25. Superposition Principle
    In a situation where more than one wave occupies the same space at the same time, the displacements add at every point
  26. Node
    Any part of a standing wave the remains stationary; a region of minimal or zero energy
  27. Antinode
    Any part of a standing wave with maximum displacement and maximum energy
  28. Wave Speed
    Speed with which waves pass a particular point
  29. Nanometer
    Metric unit of length that is 10^-9 meter
  30. Focal Length
    Distance between the center of a lens and either focal point; the distance from a mirror to it's focal point
  31. Dependent Variable
    The quantity that depends on the independent variable
  32. Abscissa
    The horizontal axis where the independent variable is always plotted
  33. Ordinate
    The vertical axis where the dependent variable is plotted
  34. Conservation of Linear Momentum
    The vector sum of the momenta of the particles before collision is equal to the vector sum of the momenta of the particles after collision
  35. Purpose of the Simple Pendulum experiment
    To use a simple pendulum to calculate the acceleration due o gravity
  36. Purpose of the Addition of Vector experiment
    To learn about the addition of vectors
  37. Purpose of the Linear Momentum experiment
    To demonstrate and verify the vector nature and conservation of linear momentum
  38. Purpose of Centripetal Force experiment
    To learn about uniform circular motion and centripetal force
  39. Equation of a line
    y=mx+b
  40. A linear relationship will be a ____
    Straight line
  41. What happened to the period of vibration of a simple pendulum of a simple pendulum if the mass of the bob is increased?
    Nothing, the mass does not effect the period of vibration
  42. Some clocks use pendelums to keep time. If a grandfather clock were running too slow, how would you correct this?
    Shorten the length of the pendulum so it will go faster
  43. Formula for momentum
    p=mv
  44. Formula for tension
    T=mg
  45. What happens to the speed of the wave on the strong as more mass is added?
    The speed increases
  46. If one wished to double the speed of the wave on the vibrating string by increasing the tension, by how much would the tension need to be increased?
    Tension needs to be quadrupled
  47. What kind of light produces both continuous and discrete?
    Fluorescent Light
  48. What type of spectrum does incandescent light produce?
    Continuous
  49. Hyperopia
    Far sighted and needs convex lenses to correct it
  50. Myopia
    Near sighted and needs concave lenses to correct it
  51. Astronomical Telescope
    Two convex lenses, produces and inverted image
  52. Terrestrial Telescope
    Two convex lenses, produces and upright image
  53. Opera Glass
    Convex and concave lenses, produces an upright, magnified, and virtual image
  54. Formula for Slope (Rise/Run)
    m=(y2-y1)/(x2-x1)
  55. Superposition of Waves Lab
    To obtain the resultant wave formed by the superposition of two traveling waves.
  56. Superposition
    In a situation where more than one wave occupies the same space at the same time, the displacements add at every point.
  57. Constructive interference
    Combination of waves so that two or more waves overlap to produce a resulting wave of increased amplitude
  58. Destructive interference
    Combination of waves so that crest parts of one wave overlap trough parts of another, resulting in a wave of decreased amplitude.
  59. Transverse waves
    Wave with a vibration at right angles to the direction the wave is traveling. Light consists of these waves.
  60. Longitudinal Waves
    Wave in which the induividual particles of a medium vibrate back and forth in the direction in which the wave travels. Sound consists of these waves.
  61. Wavelength
    Distance between successive crests, troughs, or identical parts of the wave
  62. Period
    The time required for one complete cycle.
  63. Frequency
    The number of vibrations per unit of time.
  64. Wave Speed
    frequency X wavelength
  65. Crest
    One of the places in a wave where the wave is highest or the disturbance is greatest in the opposite direction from the trough.
  66. Trough
    The lowest part of a wave
  67. Amplitude
    The maximum displacement on either side of the equilibrium point.
  68. The Vibrating String Lab
    To study harmonics and overtones in a vibrating string
  69. Nodes
    Any part of a standing wave that remains stationary; a region of minimal or zero energy
  70. Antinodes
    Any part of a standing wave with maximum displacement and maximum energy
  71. The Organ Pipe Lab
    To study overtones and harmonics of standing waves in organ pipes.
  72. Types of Spectra Lab
    To observe the spectrum of light emitted from the various types of light sources
  73. Spectroscope
    black box used in types of spectra lab
  74. Diffraction Grating
    A spectrum is caused by this
  75. Discrete emission spectra
    A hot gas of low density through a diffraction grating
  76. Continuous emission spectra
    light looks like rainbow; fluorescent lamp, light bulb, candle
  77. Emission Spectrum
    spectrum of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a self-luminous source
  78. Absorption Spectrum
    The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelengths of light.
  79. The Ray Box: Part 1 Lab
    To learn about reflection and refraction of light as well as color addition and color subtraction
  80. Law of Reflection
    the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection
  81. Law of Refraction
    light going from fast medium to slow bends toward the normal and light going form slow medium to fast bends away form the normal
  82. Concave Mirror
    mirror that converges light
  83. Convex Mirror
    mirror that diverges light
  84. Concave Lens
    Lens that Diverges light
  85. Convex Lens
    Lens that Converges light
  86. The Ray Box: Part Two Lab
    To learn about reflection and refraction of light as well as color addition and color subtraction.
  87. Myopia
    nearsightedness
  88. Hyperopia
    farsightedness
  89. Color Addition
    all of the primary additive colors of light together make white light. Blue and red make magenta, green and blue make cyan, and green and red make yellow.
  90. Color Subtraction
    when a pigment subtracts the wavelengths from white light to form a certain color; only reflects one color, absorbs (subtracts) all others
  91. Telescopes Lab
    To learn about telescopes
  92. Focal Length
    the distance from a lens to its focus
  93. Real Images
    can be projected and are seen upside down.
  94. Virtual Images
    can not be projected and only seen in mirrors or lenses; only seen right side up
  95. Objective Lens
    enlarges the image of the specimen
  96. Eyepiece Lens
    magnifies the image, usually 10 times
  97. Astronomical Telescope
    Consists of two lenses. In this case, the objective lens forms a REAL but DIMINISHED image of the distant object being viewed. The real image is the object of the second lens. The rays from this real image travel into the eyepiece lens and they form a virtual magnified image.
  98. Terrestrial Telescope
    A telescope where the final image is right-side up, which is more useful for those viewing objects on Earth.
  99. Galilean Telescope (Opera Glass)
    produces and enlarged upright image; the combination of lenses is a long focal length and positive objective lenses with a short focal length, negative eyepiece
  100. Graphing Lab
    To teach the student how to analyze data graphically.
  101. Independent Variable
    a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables. "X"
  102. Dependent Variable
    "Y", a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends in the independent variable
  103. The simple pendulum lab
    To use a simple pendulum to calculate the acceleration due to gravity.
  104. Additions of Vectors Lab
    To learn about the addition of vectors
  105. Resultant
    a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectors
  106. Equilibrant
    a force that places an object in equilibrium; is the same magnitude as the resultant, but opposite in direction
  107. Linear Momentum Lab
    To demonstrate and verify the vector nature and conservation of linear momentum
  108. Centripetal Force Lab
    To learn about uniform circular motion and centripetal force
  109. Centripetal force
    Center seeking force
  110. Rotational Motion
    motion of a body that spins about an axis
  111. Angular Velocity
    The angular displacement of an object divided by the time needed to make the displacement.
  112. Radians
    the SI unit of measurement of the size of an angle. A complete circle is 2π radians.
  113. Radians/Second
    Angular frequency (w) is measured in what units?

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