GBR Lect 3
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Legal framework for containing / organising govt.
A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and constituent political units
CONSTITUTION OF AUSTRALIA
supreme law under which the Australian Commonwealth Government operates
Attempt to combine advantages of nation state (single market, external voice) with diversity &/or tradition of self government.
DISADVANTAGES OF FEDERATION (3)
- LIMITS REFORM
- TOO MANY POLITICIANS
- POLICY OVERLAP
AFFECTS OF FEDERALISM TO BUSINESS (4)
- INCONSISTANCIES OF LAWS, REGULATIONS AN ISSUE
- COMPETITION BETWEEN STATES AN ADVANTAGE
- LOCAL REP AND CLOSER RELATIONSHIPS AN ADVANTAGE
- COSTS OF CROSS BORDER BUSINESS
separation of powers
- Legislature (parliament)
PURPOSE OF SEPARATION OF POWERS
Prevents concentration of power, provides for oversight
power to make laws
power to execute and administer (introduce) laws
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PARLIAMENTRY AND PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS
- PARLIAMENTRY - Executive chosen from legislature, party/group with majority forms executive
- PRESIDENTIAL - President elected separately from legislature
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