Med Term Unit 7

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Med Term Unit 7
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2015-04-29 11:27:52
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Med Term Unit 7 Gastroenterology
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  1. stomat/o
    mouth
  2. dent/o
    teeth
  3. odont/o
    teeth
  4. gloss/o
    tongue
  5. lingu/o
    tongue
  6. cheil/o
    lips
  7. gingiv/o
    gums
  8. esophag/o
    esophagus
  9. gastr/o
    stomach
  10. enter/o
    small intestine
  11. duoden/o
    duodenum
  12. jejun/o
    jejunum
  13. ile/o
    ileum
  14. col/o
    large intestine
  15. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  16. rect/o
    rectum
  17. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  18. hepat/o
    liver
  19. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  20. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  21. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  22. stomatoplasty
    surgical repair of the mouth
  23. pain in mouth
    stomatoalgia
  24. hemorrhage of the mouth
    stomatorrhagia
  25. condition of mouth fungus
    stomatomycosis
  26. myc/o
    fungus
  27. any disease of the mouth
    stomatopathy
  28. jejun/o
    jejunum
  29. cholangi/o
    bile duct
  30. ptyal/o
    salivary glands
  31. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  32. instrument for examinng the mouth
    stomatoscope
  33. process of examining mouth with an instrument
    stomatoscopy
  34. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  35. glossectomy
    removal of the tongue
  36. pain in the tongue
    glossalgia
  37. pertaining to the tongue
    glossal
  38. hypoglossal nerve
    • cranial nerve XII
    • supplies nerve impulses under the tongue or to the tongue
  39. a medication that is administered under the tongue is a
    hypoglossal medication
  40. lingu/o
    tongue
  41. adjective that means pertaining to under the tongue using lingu/o
    sublingual
  42. sub-
    latin prefix meaning under
  43. nitroglycerin tablets are administered sublingually. this means they are placed
    under the tongue
  44. two words meaning under the tongue
    • sublingual
    • hypoglossal
  45. prolapse of the tongue
    glossoptosis
  46. examination of the tongue
    glossoscopy
  47. -plegia
    means paralysis
  48. paralysis of the tongue
    glossoplegia
  49. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lips
  50. cheiloplasty
    surgical repair of the lips
  51. palat/o
    palate
  52. uvul/o
    uvula
  53. staphyl/o
    uvula
  54. bucc/o
    buccal cavity
  55. incision of the lips
    cheilotomy
  56. disorder of the lips
    cheilosis
  57. plastic surgery of the lips and mouth
    cheilostomatoplasty
  58. gingival
    pertaining to the gums
  59. inflammation of the gums
    gingivitis
  60. gum pain
    gingivalgia
  61. excision of gum tissue
    gingivectomy
  62. inflammation of the gums and tongue
    gingivoglossitis
  63. tongue and gums adjective
    linguogingival
  64. process of chewing
    mastication
  65. process of swallowing
    ingestion
  66. chemical breakdown of food
    digestion
  67. movement of nutrients from intestine to blood
    absorption
  68. expelling solid waste
    defecation
  69. solid waste material
    feces or stool
  70. FOB
    fecal occult blood test
  71. eso-
    prefix meaning toward
  72. phag/o
    means swallow
  73. adjective form for esophagus
    esophageal
  74. stenosis
    condition of narrowing that may occur in a tube or passageway
  75. mitral stenosis
    narrowing of the mitral valve opening in the heart
  76. esophagostenosis
    narrowing of the esophagus
  77. a person experiencing dysphagia may have narrowing of the esophagus or
    esophagostenosis
  78. paraesophageal hernia
    herniation around the esophagus
  79. build 2 adjectives that pertain to the esophagus and stomach
    • gastroesophageal
    • esophagogastric
  80. gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • GERD
    • causes the gastric and duodenal juices to enter and irritate the esophagus
  81. gastrorrhagia
    bleeding of the stomach
  82. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  83. gastric
    pertaining to the stomach
  84. -ectasia
    suffix meaning stretching or dilation
  85. dilation of the stomach
    gastrectasia
  86. prolapse of the stomach and small intestine
    gastroenteroptosis
  87. inflammation of the intestine
    enteritis
  88. internal medicine specialty that studies diseases of the stomach and intestine
    gastroenterology
  89. dysentery
    disorder of the intestine characterized by inflammation pain and diarrhea
  90. pertaining to the stomach and small intestine
    gastroenteric
  91. hemorrhage of the small intestine
    enterorrhagia
  92. three sections of the small intestine
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  93. intestinal hernia
    enterocele
  94. washing or irrigation of the small intestine
    enteroclysis
  95. paralysis of the small intestine
    enteroplegia
  96. dilation of the small intestion
    enterectasia
  97. enteroptosis
    prolapse of the small intestine
  98. enterocentesis
    surgical puncture of the small intestine
  99. at the junction between the ileum and the cecum of the ascending colon is the
    ileocecal valve
  100. colon
    large intestine
  101. feces is eliminated through the
    rectum and anus
  102. appendic/o
    appendix
  103. inflammation of the appendix
    appendicitis
  104. excision of the appendix
    appendicectomy
  105. plural of appendix
    appendices
  106. colic or colonic
    pertaining to the large intestine
  107. colocentesis
    surgical puncture of the large intestine
  108. surgical fixation of the colon
    colopexy
  109. making a new opening into the colon
    colostomy
  110. prolapse of the colon
    coloptosis
  111. inflammation of the diverticula
    diverticulitis
  112. 2 causes of chronic abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in bowel habits may all be symptoms of either
    • irritable bowel disease
    • diverticulosis
  113. -clysis
    suffix meaning washing or irrigation
  114. washing or irrigation of the colon
    coloclysis
  115. washing or irrigation of the stomach
    gastroclysis
  116. irrigation of the small intestine using contrast media
    enteroclysis
  117. instrument used to examine the small intestine
    enteroscope
  118. sigmoid/o
    refers to the sigmoid colon
  119. instrument used to examine the sigmoid colon
    sigmoidoscope
  120. procedure of using a sigmoidoscope to view the sigmoid colon is
    sigmoidoscopy
  121. rectal
    means pertaining to the rectum
  122. rectocele
    herniation of the rectum
  123. washing or irrigation of the rectum
    rectoclysis
  124. instrument used for examining the rectum
    rectoscope
  125. pertaining to the colon and rectum
    colorectal
  126. process of examining the rectum with a rectoscope
    rectoscopy
  127. plastic surgery of the rectum
    rectoplasty
  128. suturing of the rectum
    rectorrhaphy
  129. pertaining to the rectum and urethra
    rectourethral
  130. incision of the bladder through the rectum
    rectocystotomy
  131. proct/o
    combining form for anus and rectum
  132. proctologist
    one who specializes in diseases of the anus and rectum
  133. proctology
    study of diseases of the anus and rectum
  134. washing or irrigation of the anus and rectum
    proctoclysis
  135. paralysis of the anus and rectum
    proctoplegia
  136. proctologist examines the
    anus and rectum
  137. proctologist examines the rectum and anus with a
    proctoscope
  138. suturing of the rectum and anus
    proctorrhaphy
  139. surgical fixation of the rectum and anus
    proctopexy
  140. cathartics
    • laxatives
    • causes liquification of the stool or relaxation of the bowel to ease defecation producing physical relief
  141. another name for laxative
    cathartic
  142. infrequency of bowel movement
    constipation
  143. hepatic
    pertaining to the liver
  144. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  145. hepatomegaly
    enlarged liver
  146. inspection of the liver
    hepatoscopy
  147. any disease of the liver
    hepatopathy
  148. incision into the liver
    hepatotomy
  149. excision of part of the liver
    hepatectomy
  150. inflammation of the liver
    hepatitis
  151. pancreatic
    pertaining to the pancreas
  152. pancreatolysis
    destruction of the pancreatic tissue
  153. stone or calculus in the pancreas
    pancreatolith
  154. any pancreatic disease
    pancreatopathy
  155. excision of part of or all of the pancreas
    pancreatectomy
  156. incision into the pancreas
    pancreatotomy
  157. xray of the gallbladder
    choleocystogram
  158. inflammation of the pancreas
    pancreatitis
  159. inflammation of the gallbladder
    cholecystitis
  160. -ase
    suffix meaning enzyme
  161. lipase
    • breakdowns fat into fatty acids
    • enzyme
  162. amylase
    enzyme that breaks down starch to glucose
  163. lactase
    breaks down lactose into glucose
  164. carb/o
    indicates the presence of carbon compound
  165. carbohydrates
    contain carbon hydrogen and oxygen
  166. breaks down starch into glucose
    amylase
  167. obesity
    quality of being overweight for height and body frame size
  168. bar/o
    refers to weight
  169. bariatrics
    medical specialty that treats obesity
  170. hemorrhage of the liver
    hepatorrhagia
  171. suture of a wound of the liver
    hepatorrhaphy
  172. hernia of the liver
    hepatocele
  173. pain in the liver
    hepatodynia
  174. stone in the liver
    hepatolith
  175. atresia
    means not perforated or not open
  176. biliary artesia
    condition in which the bile ducts are not open
  177. congenital condition in which a part of the intestine is closesd is intestinal
    atresia
  178. if a baby is born with esophageal atresia the esophague would be
    closed
  179. cirrhosis
    dysfunctional liver disease caused by alcoholism or hepatitis
  180. excision of the spleen
    splenectomy
  181. splen/o
    spleen
  182. enlargement of the spleen
    splenomegaly
  183. prolapse of the spleen
    splenoptosis
  184. surgical fixation of the spleen
    splenopexy
  185. any disease of the spleen
    splenopathy
  186. suture of the spleen
    splenorrhaphy
  187. hemorrhage of the spleen
    splenorrhagia
  188. splenalgia
    pain in the spleen
  189. splenic
    pertaining to the spleen
  190. a new connection between the esophagus and the duodenum when the stomach is removed
    esophagoduodenostomy
  191. anastomosis
    surgical connection between tubular structures
  192. gastroenterocolostomy
    a new connection between the stomach, large intestine and small intestines
  193. esophagogastrostomy
    a new connection betwen the esophagus and the stomach
  194. enterocholecystostomy
    a new connection between the small intestine and the gallbladder
  195. jejunoileitis
    inflammation of the jejunum and ileum
  196. cholecystoduedenostomy
    a new connection between the gallbladder and the duodenum
  197. esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    process of examining the esophagus, stomach and duodenum with a scope
  198. cholangiopancreatography
    process of taking an x ray of the bilary and pancreatic ducts
  199. ALT
    alanine aminotransferase (live enzyme)
  200. AST
    aspartate aminotransferase (liver enzyme)
  201. BE
    barium enema
  202. bid
    twice a day
  203. BM
    bowel movement
  204. Chol
    cholesterol
  205. EGD
    esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  206. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  207. FOB
    fecal occult blood
  208. GB
    gallbladder
  209. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  210. GI
    gastrointestinal
  211. HAV
    hepatitis A virus
  212. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  213. HCl
    hydrochloric acid
  214. HCV
    hepatitis C virus
  215. HDL
    high density lipoproteins
  216. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  217. LDH
    lactate dehydrogenase
  218. LDL
    low density lipoproteins
  219. NG
    nasogastric
  220. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  221. PO
    by mouth
  222. anastomosis
    connecting two tubular structures
  223. atresia
    closed ducts or tubes
  224. baria
  225. trics
    specialty that treats obesity
  226. cathartic
    agent that relieves constipation (laxative)
  227. cheilosis
    condition of the lips
  228. cholangiopancreatography
    process of taking x-ray of the biliary and pancreatic ducts using contrast media
  229. cirrhosis
    chronic liver disease causing loss of liver function and resistance to blood flow through the liver
  230. colocentesis
    surgical puncture of the colon to remove fluid
  231. constipation
    hard stool,infrequent bowel movements
  232. diverticulitis
    inflammation of the diverticula of the intestine
  233. diverticulosis
    condition of having diverticula
  234. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine, pain and diarrhea
  235. enterectasia
    stretching of the intestine
  236. epigastric
    upon the stomach
  237. esophagostenosis
    narrowing of the esophagus
  238. gastrectasia
    dilatation of the stomach
  239. gastroenterology
    the study of the disease of the stomach and intestine
  240. gastroenteroptosis
    prolapse of stomacch and intestine
  241. hepatodynia
    liver pain
  242. hypoglossal
    pertaining to below the tongue
  243. ileocecal
    between the ileum and the cecum
  244. linguogingival
    pertaining to the gums and tongue
  245. nausea
    feeling like one is going to vomit
  246. occult
    hidden
  247. pancreatolysis
    destruction of the pancreatic tissue
  248. paraesophageal
    around the esophagus
  249. rectocystotomy
    incision into the urinary bladder through the rectum
  250. rectourethral
    pertaining to the rectum and urethra
  251. stomatomycosis
    fungal condition of the mouth
  252. ulcer
    craterlike sore

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