Med Term Unit 8

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cfalgo1
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Med Term Unit 8
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2015-04-30 16:20:04
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Med Term Unit
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Medical Terminology Unit 8 Neurology, Psychology, Anesthesiology, and Vascular terminology
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  1. neur/o
    nerve or neuron
  2. angi/o
    vessel
  3. my/o
    muscle
  4. arteri/o
    artery
  5. thromb/o
    clot
  6. phleb/o
    vein
  7. hem/o
    blood
  8. hemat/o
    blood
  9. ather/o
    fatty or porridelike
  10. ven/i
    vein
  11. blast/o
    germ or embryonic cell
  12. spasm/o
    involuntary contraction
  13. scler/o
    hard
  14. lys/o
    breaking down destructuon
  15. fibr/o
    fibrous, fiber
  16. -ectasia
    dilation
  17. -rrhexis
    rupture
  18. adjective pertaining to nerves
    nervous
  19. study of the nervous system
    neurology
  20. a highly skilled physician specially trained to perform surgery or structures of the nervous system
    neurosurgeon
  21. embryonic cell from which muscle cell develops
    myoblast
  22. germ cell from which a nerve cell develops
    neuroblast
  23. a germ cell from which vessels develop
    angioblast
  24. spasm of a nerve
    neurospasm
  25. spasm of muscle
    myospasm
  26. spasm of a vessel
    angiospasm
  27. arterial spasm
    arteriospasm
  28. gastric spasm
    gastrospasm
  29. softening of the stomach walls
    gastromalacia
  30. a generalized disease condition of the vessels
    angiopathy
  31. generalized disease condition of the nerves
    neuropathy
  32. hardening of a vessel
    angiosclerosis
  33. hardening of muscle tissue
    myosclerosis
  34. specialist who studies nervous system
    neurologist
  35. study of the nervous system
    neurology
  36. inflammation of a nerve
    neuritis
  37. nerve tumor
    neuroma
  38. vessel tumor
    angioma
  39. fibrous tumor
    fibroma
  40. destruction of nerve tissue
    neurolysis
  41. destruction or breaking down of vessels
    angiolysis
  42. neuralgia
    nerve pain along the course of a nerve
  43. neuropathy
    any disease of the nerves
  44. neuroarthropathy
    disease of nerves and joints
  45. inflammation of a nerve
    neuritis
  46. destruction of nerve tissue
    neurolysis
  47. surgical repair of nerves
    neuroplasty
  48. nervous system surgeon
    neurosurgeon
  49. afferent
    inflowing, toward center, to bring to
  50. efferent
    outflowing, away from center, to carry away
  51. affect
    to have influence upon, to change mood thoughts or action
  52. effect
    the result or consequence of an action
  53. accept
    include, bring toward, embrace
  54. except
    exclude, keep away, reject
  55. affusion
    pouring upon,
  56. effusion
    the escaping of fluid or blood from its normal place
  57. include bring toward
    accept
  58. inflowing, toward center
    afferent
  59. have influence upon, to cause a change in mood or actions
    affect
  60. exclude keep away
    except
  61. outflowing, away from the center
    effect
  62. neurotripsy
    means surgical crushing of a nerve
  63. word root for crushing (usually by rubbing or grinding) is
    trips
  64. surgical crushing of stones
    lithotripsy
  65. myeoblast
    bone marrow germ cell
  66. pertaining to myelocytes
    myelocytic
  67. herniation of the spinal cord
    myelocele
  68. dysplasia
    poor or defective development
  69. hyperplasia
    overgrowth, too much growth
  70. aplasia
    lack of development
  71. myelodysplasia
    defective formation of the spinal cord
  72. overgrowth or too many cells
    hyperplasia
  73. underdevelopment or not enough cells
    hypoplasia
  74. defective formation of cartilage
    chondrodysplasia
  75. defective formation of bone and cartilage
    osteochondrodysplasia
  76. inflammation of nerves and spinal cord
    neuromyelitis
  77. study of the mind, mental processes, and human behavior
    psychology
  78. psych/o
    mind
  79. psychoanalysis
    analysis of the mental and emotional state for treatment
  80. psychosexual
    mental processes related to sexuality
  81. psychiatry
    field of medicine that studies and deals with mental and neurotic disorders
  82. physician who specializes in this field of medicine
    psychiatrist
  83. treatment of mental disorders by a psychiatrist
    psychiatry
  84. psychology
    science that studies human behavior
  85. scientist or therapists that works in the field of psychology
    psychologist
  86. psychotherapy
    process of healing mental disorders using words, art, drama, or movement to express feelings
  87. psychogenesis
    means the formation of metal characteristics
  88. a severe mental condition marked by loss of contact with reality and having delusions or hallucinations
    psychosis
  89. psychoneurosis
    emotional and behavioral disorder manifested by anxiety, phobias, and defense mechanisms
  90. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    neurosis characterized by repeated distressing thoughts that produce anxiety and uncontrollable repeated actions that must be done to relieve anxiety
  91. psychotropic medication
    may be used to alter emotions or behavior
  92. medication that alters mind and emotions
    psychotropic
  93. severe mental condition
    psychosis
  94. mental process that cause movement
    psychomotor
  95. mental disorder related to sexual function
    psychosexual
  96. plural form for psychoneurosis
    psychoneuroses
  97. motor
    word root referring to movement
  98. mental processes that cause movement
    psychomotor
  99. a neuron that innervates a muscle
    motor neuron
  100. psych/o words refer to
    mental processes
  101. pharmac/o
    drugs or medicine
  102. neuropharmacology
    study of drugs that affect the nervous system
  103. study of drugs that act on the mind and emotions
    psychopharmacology
  104. pharmacist
    licensed to dispense prescription and nonprescription medications from a pharmacy
  105. to become a pharmacist a person must study
    pharmacology
  106. narc/o
    combining form for sleep
  107. narcotic
    drug that produces sleep
  108. opium is a
    narcotic
  109. codeine
    produces pain relief and sleep and is a narcotic
  110. condition induced by narcotics
    narcosis
  111. -lepsy
    used in words to mean seizure
  112. narcolepsy
    means seizure or attacks of sleep
  113. a person who is absolutely unable to stay awake suffers from
    narcolepsy
  114. destruction of fat
    lypolysis
  115. destruction of cells
    cytolysis
  116. arteries
    blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
  117. hardening of the arteries
    arteriosclerosis
  118. fibrous condition of the arteries
    arteriofibrosis
  119. softening of the arteries
    arteriomalacia
  120. hardening of the blood vessels caused by a fatty substance is a condition called
    atherosclerosis
  121. excision of an atheroma
    • atherectomy
    • endarterectomy
  122. benign tumor of a blood vessel
    hemangioma
  123. hemangioblast
    embryonic blood vessel cell
  124. condition of blood in a joint
    hemarthrosis
  125. destruction of blood cells
    hematolysis
  126. abnormal fear of blood
    hematophobia
  127. study of blood
    hematology
  128. one who specializes in the science of blood
    hematologist
  129. hematocrit
    measures the percent of formed elements compare to total volume of blood
  130. two combining forms for blood
    • hem/o
    • hemat/o
  131. thromb/o
    combining form that means blood clot
  132. thromboangiitis
    inflammation of a vessel with formation of a blood cot
  133. thrombectomy
    excision of a thrombus (clot)
  134. thrombolymphangitis
    inflammation of a lymph vessel with formation of a thrombus
  135. thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein with thrombus formation
  136. condition of forming a thrombus
    thrombosis
  137. cell that aids clotting
    thrombocyte
  138. resembling a thrombus
    thromboid
  139. pertaining to the formation of a thrombus
    thrombogenic
  140. destruction of a thrombus
    thrombolysis
  141. lack of cells that aid in clotting
    thrombocytopenia
  142. embolus
    a thrombus that moves through blood vessels to another part of the body
  143. occlusion
    block in a vessel
  144. if an artery of the heart muscle is occluded an area of tissue has no blood supply and a _________________ can occur
    myocardial infarction
  145. if an artery supplying the cerebrum is occluded a ___________________
    cerebral infarction
  146. phleb/o
    vein
  147. hardening of the veins
    phlebosclerosis
  148. excision of a vein
    phlebectomy
  149. surgical fixation of a vein
    phlebopexy
  150. venous dilation
    phlebectasia
  151. arterial dilation
    arteriectasia
  152. vessel dilation
    angiectasia
  153. phleboplasty
    surgical repair of a vein
  154. phlebotomy
    • incision into a vein
    • venipuncture
  155. two combining forms for a vein
    • ven/o
    • ven/i
  156. to obtain a venous blood sample a _________ is performed
    venipuncture
  157. administering medication within a vein is an
    intravenous injection
  158. -rrhexis
    suffix meaning rupture
  159. hysterorrhexis
    rupture of the uterous
  160. cystorrhexis
    rupture of the bladder
  161. enterorrhexis
    rupture of the small intestine
  162. rupture of the heart
    cardiorrhexis
  163. rupture of a vessel
    angiorrhexis
  164. rupture of an artery
    arteriorrhexis
  165. rupture of a vein
    phleborrhexis
  166. repair of a vessel
    angioplasty
  167. process of obtaining an xray of a vessel
    angiography
  168. process of using a looking device to examine a vessel
    angioscopy
  169. image of a vessel
    angiogram
  170. phleboplasty
    surgical repair of a vein
  171. phlebography
    process of taking an xray of a vein
  172. venography
    process of taking an x ray of a vein
  173. rupture of the tissues of the uterus
    • hysterorrhexis
    • metrorrhexis
  174. rupture of the liver
    hepatorrhexis
  175. suturing of the liver
    hepatorrhaphy
  176. excessive discharge of bile from the liver
    hepatorrhea
  177. rupture of the bladder
    cystorrhexis
  178. hemorrhage from the bladder
    cystorrhagia
  179. discharge from the bladder
    cystorrhea
  180. suturing of the bladder
    cystorrhaphy
  181. without or lack of sensation
    anesthesia
  182. a person who administers anesthetic agents
    anesthetist
  183. a physician specialist in anesthesia
    anesthesiologist
  184. algesia
    means oversensitivity to pain
  185. hyperesthesia
    oversensitivity to pain
  186. instrument used to measure pain
    algesimeter
  187. pertaining to pain
    algesic
  188. condition with out pain
    analgesia
  189. analgesia
    without pain
  190. paralgesia
    abnormal pain
  191. paralgia
    abnormal pain
  192. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower body
  193. para-
    means beside, beyond, near, abnormal
  194. paranephritis
    inflammation near the kidney
  195. parahepatitis
    inflammation near the liver
  196. paramedic
    works beside a physician assisting in rescue operation
  197. inflammation near the kidney
    paranephritis
  198. inflammation near the fallopian tubes
    parasalpingitis
  199. inflammation near the liver
    parahepatitis
  200. disease near a bone and joint
    paraosteoarthropathy
  201. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower body
  202. paranoid
    delusions of persecution
  203. parasympathetic
    part of the autonomic nervous system
  204. paresthesia
    abnormal  touch sensation
  205. waking in the middle of the night with difficulty breathing is called _______
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  206. kinesi/o
    movement
  207. rhabd/o
    rod shaped
  208. inflammation of the heart muscle
    myocarditis
  209. myogram
    the tracing
  210. myograph
    the instrument
  211. myography
    the process
  212. fibrous muscle tumor
    myofibroma
  213. rhabdomyo
    covers skeleton
  214. leiomyo
    organs, vessels
  215. myocardio
    heart muscle
  216. resembly muscle
    myoid
  217. muscle tumor containing fatty elements
    myolipoma
  218. muscle disease
    myopathy
  219. heart muscle disease
    myocardiopathy
  220. leiomy/o
    smooth muscle
  221. myocardi/o
    heart muscle
  222. rhabd/o
    rod shaped
  223. rhabdomyoblast
    abnormal rod shaped muscle stem cell that may lead to development of sarcoma
  224. electromyography
    both surface and needle electrodes for recording muscle activity
  225. electroneuromyography
    uses both surface and needle electrodes for measuring nerve function
  226. a test that creates an image of muscle function using electricity is
    electromyography
  227. bradykinesia
    slowness of movement
  228. kinesialgia
    pain on movement or movement pain
  229. kinesiology
    study of muscular body movements
  230. study of muscular movement during exercise would be done in the field of ______
    kinesiology
  231. ADL
    activites of daily living
  232. AOD
    arterial occlusive disease
  233. ANS
    autonomic nervous system
  234. AS
    arteriosclerosis
  235. ASCVD
    arterioslerotic cardiovascular disease
  236. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart disease
  237. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  238. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  239. CNS
    central nervous system
  240. C- section
    ceasarean section
  241. EMG
    electromyogram
  242. HA
    headache
  243. Hct
    hematocrit
  244. HDL
    high density lipoproteins
  245. Hgb
    Hemoglobin
  246. IV
    intravenous
  247. MFT
    muscle function test
  248. MI
    myocardial infarction
  249. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  250. NVS
    neurologic vital signs
  251. OCD
    obsessive compulsive disorder
  252. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  253. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  254. PT
    physical therapy
  255. ROM
    range of motion
  256. SOB
    shortness of breath
  257. TENS
    transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
  258. scler/o
    combining form for hard
  259. hemato
    combining form for blood
  260. esthesiometer
    instrument for measuring touch
  261. analgestic
    pain relieving medication
  262. mental condition characterized by anxiety and phobias
    neurosis
  263. difficult or painful movement
    • dyskinesia
    • kinesalgia
  264. pharmacist
    specialist in drug therapy
  265. psychotropic
    drugs that affect mental processes
  266. myospasm
    abnormal muscle contraction
  267. thrombophebitis
    inflammation of vein caused by clots
  268. heart muscle disease
    cardiomyopathy
  269. pertaining to heart muscle
    myocardial
  270. algesia
    condition of the pain sensitivity
  271. algesimeter
    instrument for measuring level of pain
  272. anesthesia
    condition of no sensation
  273. arteriofibrosis
    condition of fibrous growth in the arteries
  274. atherectomy
    excision of an atheroma or athermanous plaque from arteries
  275. atheroma
    fatty tissue tumor inside a large vessel
  276. atherosclerosis
    fatty deposits on medium to large vessels causing hardening
  277. autonomic
    self controlling stress response center of the nervous system
  278. chondrodysplasia
    defective development of cartilage
  279. electroneuromyography
    process of making an image of nerve and muscle function using electricity
  280. hemangioblast
    immature blood vessel cell
  281. hemarthrosis
    blood in a joint
  282. hematologist
    physician specialist in blood disorders
  283. hematology
    specialty of studying the blood
  284. hematolysis
    destruction of blood
  285. hyperplasia
    abnormal over growth of cells
  286. infarction
    necrosis of tissue due to ischemia
  287. ischemia
    condition in which blood flow to tissues is temporarily slowed or stopped
  288. metrorrhexis
    rupture of uterus
  289. myelocyte
    bone marrow or spinal cord cell
  290. myograph
    instrument used to make a picture of muscle function
  291. myography
    process of using a myograph to make a myogram
  292. narcolepsy
    seizures of uncontrolled sleep
  293. narcosis
    condition of being affected by narcotics
  294. neurosis
    never condition characterized by anxiety and phobias
  295. neurotripsy
    surgical crushing of a nerve
  296. paraalgesia
    pain in the lower body
  297. parasympathetic
    nerves that return the body to normal following stress
  298. paraoxysmal
    pertaining to the sudden onset of an attack, symptoms or emotion
  299. psychosexual
    mental processes related to sexuality
  300. thrombocytopenia
    lack of platelets
  301. thrombolymphangitis
    inflammation of a lymph vessel caused by a clot
  302. venipuncture
    incision into a vein with a needle to remove a venous blood sample
  303. venous
    pertaining to the veins

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