Med Term Unit 9

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
301897
Filename:
Med Term Unit 9
Updated:
2015-05-01 11:58:01
Tags:
Med Term Unit
Folders:

Description:
Medical Terminology Unit 9 Anatomic Term
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. anatomy
    study of naming body structures
  2. dors/o
    • dorsal
    • near or on the back
  3. ventr/o
    • ventral
    • near or on the belly side of the body
  4. anter/o
    • anterior
    • toward the front or in front of
  5. poster/o
    • posterior
    • following or located behind
  6. cephal/o
    • cephalic
    • upward or toward the head
  7. caud/o
    downward, toward the tail
  8. medi/o
    • medial
    • toward the midline
  9. later/o
    • lateral
    • toward the side away from the midline
  10. super/o
    • superior
    • above
  11. infer/o
    • below
    • inferior
  12. proxim/o
    • proximal
    • near the point of origin
  13. dist/o
    • distal
    • away from the point of origin
  14. sagitt/o
    • sagittal
    • vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right
  15. coron/o
    • coronal
    • resembling a crown or encircling
  16. pertaining to the front and side
    anterolateral
  17. pertaining to the front and middle
    anteromedial
  18. pertaining to the front and top
    anterosuperior
  19. pertaining to the back and side
    posterolateral
  20. pertaining to the back and outside of the body
    posteroexternal
  21. pertaining to the back and inside of the body
    posterointernal
  22. pertaining to the front and back (from front to back)
    • anteroposterior
    • or ventrodorsal
  23. toward the back of the head
    dorsocephalad
  24. toward the front
    • ventrad
    • anterior
  25. proxim/o
    • proximal
    • closer to the designated point
  26. dist/o
    • distal
    • further from a designated point
  27. because the elbow is closer to the shoulder than to the head the elbow is ___________ to the head
    proximal
  28. because the ankle is further from the hip than the knee the ankle is _______ to the knee
    distal
  29. mediolateral
    middle and side
  30. superolateral
    above and to the side
  31. cephalocaudal
    head to tail
  32. a cut made at the midline to divide the body into equal right and left halves is called the __________ plane
    midsagittal
  33. any vertical slice from front to back is a ________ view
    sagittal
  34. axillary region
    armpit
  35. middle of the armpit
    midaxillary region
  36. coronal suture line
    sits at the crown of the skull
  37. coronal
    means crown or circle
  38. corona dentis
    crown of a tooth
  39. coronary arteries
    circle the heart to supply the muscle with blood
  40. arteries encircling the heart
    coronary arteries
  41. veins encircling the heart are the
    coronary veins
  42. omphal/o
    • umbilical
    • naval
  43. inflammation of the umbilicus
    omphalitis
  44. pertaining to the naval
    omphalic
  45. excision of the umbilicus
    ophalectomy
  46. herniation of the naval
    • omphalocele
    • umbilicocele
  47. umbilical hemorrhage
    omphalorrhagia
  48. discharge flowing from the navel
    omphalorrhea
  49. rupture of the naval
    omphalorrhexis
  50. -ad
    means toward
  51. toward the head
    cephalad
  52. toward the tail
    caudad
  53. head to tail
    cephalocaudal
  54. palmar
    palm
  55. plantar
    sole
  56. gnos
    knowledge
  57. pro-
    means in front of
  58. prognosis
    foreknowledge or predicting the outcome of a disease
  59. procephalic
    front of the head
  60. dia-
    through or throughout
  61. diagnosis
    • knowing through or know through
    • identification of a disease through signs and symptoms
  62. sign
    objective information about the patient that is observable
  63. symptom
    subjective because that patient tells you how he feels or what he has experienced but it may not be obsesrvable
  64. diarrhea
    • flowing through
    • watery stool
  65. dialysis
    separation of substances in solution
  66. hemodialysis
    removes waste from blood by using an artificial kidney
  67. diascope
    placed on the skin and the is looked at through the instrument to see superficial surface lesions and other things
  68. word part for through
    dia
  69. aer/o
    air
  70. abnormal fear of air
    aerophobia
  71. treatment with air
    aerotherapy
  72. herniation containing air
    aerocele
  73. science of living things
    biology
  74. biochemistry
    study of chemical changes in living things
  75. biologist
    one who studies living things or life
  76. biogenesis
    formation of living things
  77. anaerobic
    cannot live in the presences of air
  78. bic-
    suffix meaning life
  79. needing air to live
    aerobic
  80. biopsy
    an excision of tissue for examination of living or live tissue
  81. chrom/o
    color
  82. chromocyte
    colored cell
  83. embryonic color cell
    chromboblast
  84. destruction of color
    chromolysis
  85. formation of pigment or color
    chromogenesis
  86. instrument for measuring amount of color in a substance
    chromometer
  87. phil
    attracted to or loves
  88. chromophilic cell
    one that takes a stain easily
  89. chromophobic
    will not stain at all
  90. chromophilic
    means stain easily
  91. achromophilic
    means something that does not stain easily
  92. eu-
    well or easy
  93. -tocia
    suffix meaning labor
  94. dystocia
    means difficult labor
  95. eutocia
    easy or normal labor
  96. than
    word root for death
  97. euthanasia
    easy or peaceful death
  98. eugenics
    good development
  99. bioethics
    topics that deal with decisions about life and medical treatments that concern right and wrong as seen by both society and individuals
  100. dysentery
    painful or difficult condition of the small intestine
  101. men/o
    • menses, month
    • menstruation
  102. menarche
    females first menstrual period
  103. flow of menses
    menorrhea
  104. painful or bad or difficult mentrual flow
    dysmenorrhea
  105. menopause
    permanent cessation of menstruation
  106. menorrhagia
    excessive menstruation or menstrual hemorrhage
  107. absence of menstrual flow
    amenorrhea
  108. stopping menstrual flow
    menostasis
  109. -stasis
    act or condition of stopping or controlling
  110. hemostasis
    means act of controlling blood flow
  111. control of blood flow in the veins is
    phlebostasis
  112. control of flow in arteries
    arteriostasis
  113. control of lymph flow
    lymphostasis
  114. hemostat
    instrument used in surgery to control blood flow by clamping off an artery or vein
  115. home/o
    same
  116. control of blood flow
    hemostasis
  117. balance of body functions
    homeostasis
  118. syphil/o
    refers to syphilis
  119. mental condition caused by syphilis
    syphilopsychosis
  120. fear of contracting syphilis
    syphilophobia
  121. therapy for syphilis
    siphilotherapy
  122. a syphilitic tumor
    syphiloma
  123. any syphilitic disease
    syphilopathy
  124. -cyesis
    pregnancy
  125. pseudo-
    means false
  126. pseudocyesis
    false pregnancy
  127. pseudoscience
    false science
  128. pseudomania
    a psychosis in which patients have a false or pretended mental disorder
  129. pseudoparalysis
    false paralysis
  130. a false cyst
    pseudocyst
  131. false edema
    pseudoedema
  132. false or imaginary sensation
    pseudoesthesia
  133. false hypertrophy
    pseudohypertrophy
  134. false tuberculosis
    pseudotuberculosis
  135. false nerve tumor
    pseudoneuroma
  136. viscer/o
    • viscera
    • internal organs of the body
  137. peritoneum
    membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
  138. visceropleural membrane
    membrane that covers the lungs
  139. parietal pleura
    membrane on chest cavity wall
  140. visceral peritoneum
    membrane on the surface of the organs of the abdominal cavity
  141. parietal peritoneum
    membrane on the abdominal cavity wall
  142. membrane that covers the surface of the lungs
    visceral pleura
  143. membrane that is on the thoracic cavity wall
    parietal pleura
  144. prolapse of organs
    visceroptosis
  145. pain in organs
    visceralgia
  146. pertaining to organs
    visceral
  147. sensory function of organs
    viscerosensory
  148. pertaining to organs and skeletons
    visceroskeletal
  149. pertaining to the development of organs
    viscerogenic
  150. ecto-
    outer-outside
  151. endo-
    inner-inside
  152. meso-
    middle
  153. retro-
    backward- behind
  154. para-
    near
  155. blastoderm
    embryonic disk of cells that give rise to the three main layers of tissue in humans
  156. ectoderm
    outer germ layer
  157. endoderm
    inner germ layer
  158. between the ectoderm and endoderm
    mesoderm
  159. endogenous
    produced inside an organism
  160. something produced outside an organism
    • ectogenous
    • exogenous
  161. excessive urination
    polyuria
  162. excessive thirst
    polydipsia
  163. excessive hunger
    polyphagia
  164. ectocytic
    adjective meaning outside a cell
  165. adjective meaning inside a bladder
    endocystic
  166. -plasm
    suffix in words about the substance of cells
  167. proto-
    means first
  168. protoplasm
    substance of life
  169. protoplasm within the cell
    cytoplasm
  170. endocranial
    adjective meaning within the cranium
  171. within cartilage
    endochondral
  172. endoenteritis
    inflammation of the lining of the small intestine
  173. pertaining to the lining of the heart
    endocardial
  174. inflammation of the lining of the colon
    endocolitis
  175. endoscope
    instrument used to look into hollow organs or cavity of the body
  176. process of viewing the stomacch through an instrument
    • endoscopy
    • gastroscopy
  177. endarterectomy
    removal of a substance from the inside of an artery
  178. ect/o
    outside
  179. top/o
    place
  180. ectopic
    out of place
  181. ectopic pregnancy
    outside the uterus
  182. peritoneum attaching intestine to the abdominal wall
    mesentery
  183. peritoneum attaching large intestine to the abdominal wall
    mesocolon
  184. pertaining to middle sized teeth
    mesodontic
  185. behind the colon
    retrocolic
  186. behind the breast (mammary glands)
    retromammary
  187. behind the sternum
    retrosternal
  188. anteversion
    turning forward
  189. retroversion
    turning backward
  190. retroperitoneum
    space behind the peritoneum
  191. inflammation of the space behind the peritoneum
    retroperitonitis
  192. flexion
    bending or shortening of a body part
  193. anteflexion
    bending forward
  194. bending backward
    retroflexion
  195. paracentral
    near the center or around the center
  196. parappendicitis
    inflammation around the appendix
  197. inflammation around or near the bladder
    paracystitis
  198. inflammation of tissues around the vagina
    paracolpitis
  199. inflammation of tissues near the liver
    parahepatitis
  200. inflammation of the tissues near the kidney
    paranephritis
  201. AD
    right ear
  202. AP
    anterior to posterior
  203. AS
    left ear
  204. AU
    both ears
  205. AX
    axillary
  206. Bx
    biopsy
  207. Dx
    diagnosis
  208. Hx
    history
  209. LAT
    lateral
  210. LMP
    last menstral period
  211. LOA
    left occuput anterior
  212. LPO
    left posterior oblique
  213. OD
    right eye
  214. OS
    left eye
  215. OT
    occupational therapy
  216. OU
    both eyes
  217. PA
    posterior to anterior
  218. Px
    prognosis
  219. ROP
    right occiput posterior
  220. RPO
    right posterior oblique

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview