Misc. Cardiac Pathologies
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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome has what effects on the heart?
- PE (most common)
- myocarditis (upto 52%)
Acromegaly, a chronic disease of middle aged persons, characterized by elongation/enlargement of bones the expected echo findings are?
Ankylosing spondylitis, an auto immune disease, that is characterized by inflammation of verterbral/sacroiliac joints results in what echo findings?
- Dilatation of AO annulus/sinus of valsalva
- AO leaflet thickening
- AO prolapse
- Aortomitral jct. thickening (subaortic bump)
- PE (rare)
- MVP, AI, MR
- LV global syst. dysfxn
- LV diastolic dysfxn
The effects noted upon an echo of an athletes heart will demonstrate this key finding?
The primary finding in an athletes heart is a LV posterior wall thickness >13mm.
Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome, a disorder associated w/ neonatal hypoglycemia, results in these echo findings?
- moderate LVH
- Subvalvular aortic stenosis
the echo findings of Carnitine deficiency are
The key echo findings in Chagas Disease are noted by the acute phase and chronic phase, list thses findings?
- LV dilatation,
- Apical hypokinesis
List the echo findings commonly associated with cocaine use?
- Acute MI
- Acute/chronic LV dilatation
- Acute Ao dissection/rupture
- Inc. BP
Cushing's Disease results from hyper-secretion of the adrenal cortex which results in these echo findings?
Echo findings associated with Diabetes include
Ehlers-Danlos Sydrome is a connective tissue disorder that results in these cardiac abnormalities
- AO root dilatation
- Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm
Fabry's Disease, an infiltrative disease, results in these cardiac conditions
MVP (most common)
Friedreich's Ataxia, a recessive autosomal abnormality, results in the cardiac conditions
Gaucher's disease, an autosomal recessive trait, results in these cardiac changes
Inc LV mass
Pompe's Disease (a glycogen storage disease) results in these echo findings
- Decreased global LV systolic func.
Holt-Oram Syndrome(heart-hand), is an autosomal syndrome the echo findings associated here are
- ASD(ostium secundum)
- Dilation of the RV/RA
Hyperthyroidism will display these echo findings?
Enhanced global systolic function (most common)
hypothyroidism results in these echo findings
Decreased global LV systolic function
The echo findings associated with Kawasaki's disease?
Coronary Artery Aneurysm
- Endocardial thickening
Leopard Syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder has these echo findings?
- Small LV cavity
- Marked inc. of LV septum/posterior wall
Loeys-Dietz Syndrome affects what part of the heart
is an aortic aneurysmal syndrome
Marfans syndrome, a connective tissue disorder has these echo findings associated with it
- Aortic dissection(most common cause of death)
- Proximal AO dilatation (annulus/SOV/Asc. AO)
- Dialted MV annulus
Morquio's Syndrome results in these echo findings
MV leaflet thickening/Stenosis
Noonan's syndrome, an inherited autosomal dominant manner, results in these cardiac abnormalities
- Dysplastic Pulmonary Valve (most common)
Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease (HHT) autosomal dominant vascular dysplasia results in these cardiac developments
- Atriapiulmonary fistulas
- to evaluate this pathology use agitated saline contrast
The use of Phen-Phen will develop these cardiac problems
- Thickening of MV and chordae
- Thickened AO valve
Pheochromocytoma has these echo findings
- Concentric LVH
- HCM w/ w/o LVOT obstruction
In renal failure a echo evaluation will find these cardiac developments
- pericardial effusion
- LV systolic dysfunction
Echo findings associated with Rheumatic Arthritis are
Sleroderma, a connective tissue disorder, will display these echo findings
- Pericardial Effusion
- LV systolic/diastolic disfunction
Shone's Complex is a disorder that involves
Obstruction of both the LVIT and the LVOT, which can result in subaortic stenosis, BAV aortic coarctation.
SLE, a chronic inflammatory disease which affects the muscloskeletal system and the mucocutaneous systems, the echo findings associated with this include
- Libman Sacks vegetations
Takayasu's Disease, a form of aortic arteritis results in these echo findings
Dilatation of the Ao root/aorta
Uhl's Anomaly involves this part of the cardiac structure
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