Misc. Cardiac Pathologies

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jbryers69
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301933
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Misc. Cardiac Pathologies
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2015-08-08 17:30:55
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Misc cardiac Pathologies
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Misc. Cardiac Pathologies
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  1. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome has what effects on the heart?
    • PE (most common)
    • myocarditis (upto 52%)
  2. Acromegaly, a chronic disease of middle aged persons, characterized by elongation/enlargement of bones the expected echo findings are?
    • LVH
    • ASH
  3. Ankylosing spondylitis, an auto immune disease, that is characterized by inflammation of verterbral/sacroiliac joints results in what echo findings?
    • Dilatation of AO annulus/sinus of valsalva
    • AO leaflet thickening
    • AO prolapse
    • Aortomitral jct. thickening (subaortic bump)
    • PE (rare)
    • MVP, AI, MR
    • LV global syst. dysfxn
    • LV diastolic dysfxn
  4. The effects noted upon an echo of an athletes heart will demonstrate this key finding?
    The primary finding in an athletes heart is a  LV posterior wall thickness >13mm.
  5. Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome, a disorder associated w/ neonatal hypoglycemia, results in these echo findings?
    • moderate LVH
    • Subvalvular aortic stenosis
  6. the echo findings of Carnitine deficiency are
    DCM
  7. The key echo findings in Chagas Disease are noted by the acute phase and chronic phase, list thses findings?
    • Acute
    • LV dilatation, 
    • Chronic
    • Apical hypokinesis
    • DCM
  8. List the echo findings commonly associated with cocaine use?
    • Acute MI
    • Acute/chronic LV dilatation
    • Endocarditis
    • Acute Ao dissection/rupture
    • Inc. BP
  9. Cushing's Disease results from hyper-secretion of the adrenal cortex which results in these echo findings?
    • LVH
    • ASH
  10. Echo findings associated with Diabetes include
    DCM
  11. Ehlers-Danlos Sydrome is a connective tissue disorder that results in these cardiac abnormalities
    • AO root dilatation
    • Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm
  12. Fabry's Disease, an infiltrative disease, results in these cardiac conditions
    MVP (most common)
  13. Friedreich's Ataxia, a recessive autosomal abnormality, results in the cardiac conditions
    LVH
  14. Gaucher's disease, an autosomal recessive trait, results in these cardiac changes
    Inc LV mass
  15. Pompe's Disease (a glycogen storage disease) results in these echo findings
    • LVH
    • Decreased global LV systolic func.
  16. Holt-Oram Syndrome(heart-hand), is an autosomal syndrome the echo findings associated here are
    • ASD(ostium secundum)
    • Dilation of the RV/RA
  17. Hyperthyroidism will display these echo findings?
    Enhanced global systolic function (most common)
  18. hypothyroidism results in these echo findings
    Decreased global LV systolic function
  19. The echo findings associated with Kawasaki's disease?
    Coronary Artery Aneurysm
  20. Kearns-Sayre Syndrome
    • ASH
    • Endocardial thickening
  21. Leopard Syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder has these echo findings?
    • Small LV cavity
    • Marked inc. of LV septum/posterior wall
  22. Loeys-Dietz Syndrome affects what part of the heart
    is an aortic aneurysmal syndrome
  23. Marfans syndrome, a connective tissue disorder has these echo findings associated with it
    • Aortic dissection(most common cause of death)
    • Proximal AO dilatation (annulus/SOV/Asc. AO)
    • MVP
    • Dialted MV annulus
    • AI
    • MR
  24. Morquio's Syndrome results in these echo findings
    MV leaflet thickening/Stenosis
  25. Noonan's syndrome, an inherited autosomal dominant manner, results in these cardiac abnormalities
    • Dysplastic Pulmonary Valve (most common)
    • LVH
  26. Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease (HHT) autosomal dominant vascular dysplasia results in these cardiac developments
    • Atriapiulmonary fistulas
    • to evaluate this pathology use agitated saline contrast
  27. The use of Phen-Phen will develop these cardiac problems
    • Thickening of MV and chordae
    • Thickened AO valve
  28. Pheochromocytoma has these echo findings
    • Concentric LVH
    • HCM w/ w/o LVOT obstruction
  29. In renal failure a echo evaluation will find these cardiac developments
    • pericardial effusion
    • LV systolic dysfunction
  30. Echo findings associated with Rheumatic Arthritis are
    • Pericardial Effusion 
    • MVP
  31. Sleroderma, a connective tissue disorder, will display these echo findings
    • Pericardial Effusion 
    • LV systolic/diastolic disfunction
  32. Shone's Complex is a disorder that involves
    Obstruction of both the LVIT and the LVOT, which can result in subaortic stenosis, BAV aortic coarctation.
  33. SLE, a chronic inflammatory disease which affects the muscloskeletal system and the mucocutaneous systems, the echo findings associated with this include
    • Libman Sacks vegetations
    • PE
    • MVP
  34. Takayasu's Disease, a form of aortic arteritis results in these echo findings
    Dilatation of the Ao root/aorta
  35. Uhl's Anomaly involves this part of the cardiac structure
    RV dysplasia

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