SOC 100 - Final Exam

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tt23
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302039
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SOC 100 - Final Exam
Updated:
2015-05-05 01:33:09
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SOC
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Final Exam - Chap 12 & 13
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  1. Politics
    The social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by some people and groups.
  2. Government
    The formal organization that create rules how to interact with people.
  3. Power
    • The ability to make people do what you want them to do.
    • Source of Power:
    • -Force: actual and threatened coercion
    • -Influence: power of persuasion
    • -Authority: Institutionalized power has to be recognized (teacher, police officer)
  4. Traditional Authority
    Custom & accepted practice, monarchy (property being passed down from generation to generation or inheritance)
  5. Rational-Legal Authority
    Power legitimized by law or written rules and regulations. (President, Kings/Queens)
  6. Charismatic Authority
    People who like what you say and then follow. (Cults, Hitler, Joel Osteen, Oprah)
  7. Capitalism
    Private ownership, profit and consumer driven, free of government interference.
  8. Sociology
    The systematic study of human society and social interaction.
  9. Sociological Imagination
    The ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society.
  10. Functionalist Perspective
    The sociological approach that views society as a stable, orderly system.
  11. Conflict Perspectives
    • Life rarely runs smooth and conflict is a natural part of social relationships.
    • Society is based on competition over scarce resources.
  12. Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives
    • Generalize about everyday forms of interaction in order to explain society as a whole.
    • Occurs when people communicate through the use of symbols.
  13. Anomie
    A condition in which social control becomes ineffective as a result of the loss of shared values and of a sense of purpose in society.
  14. Ethnography
    A detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people by researchers who may live with that group over a period of years.
  15. Quantitative Research
    Scientific objectivity and focus on data that can be measured numerically.
  16. Subculture
    A group of people who share a distinctive set of cultural beliefs and behaviors that differs in some significant way from that of the larger society.
  17. Mores
    Strongly held norms with moral and ethical connotations that may not be violated without serious consequences in a particular culture.
  18. Impression Management
    People's efforts to present themselves to others in ways that are most favorable to their own interests or image.
  19. Assimilation
    A process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture.
  20. Social Mobility
    The movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another.
  21. Polyandry
    Marriage with one woman and two or more men.
  22. Profane
    The everyday, secular, or "worldly" aspects of life.

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