Med Term Unit 10

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cfalgo1
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302048
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Med Term Unit 10
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2015-05-04 11:48:22
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Med term Unit 10
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Medical terminology Unit 10 Surgery Diabetes Immunology, Lesions and Numbers and Directions
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  1. lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  2. laparectomy
    removal of part of the abdominal wall
  3. process of examining abdominal cavity with an endoscope is
    laparoscopy
  4. laparoscope
    special instrument that allows a physician to view the inside of the abdominal cavity and its organs
  5. laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus through the vagina assisted by looking through the laparoscope
  6. incision into the abdominal wall
    laparotomy
  7. suturing of the abdominal wall
    laparorrhaphy
  8. laparohepatotomy
    incision into the liver from the side
  9. laparocolostomy
    forming a new opening into the colon through an incision in the anterolateral wall of the abdomen
  10. laparogastrotomy
    incision into the stomach through an abdominal incision
  11. laparohysterosalpingo- oophorectomy
    the excision of the abdomen, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries
  12. pyr/o
    heat, fever, fire
  13. pyromaniac
    one who has a madness for starting or seeing fires
  14. pyrexia
    means fever
  15. condition of heat (heartburn)
    pyrosis
  16. condition of high fever (over 102F)
    hyperpyrexia
  17. instrument for measuring heart (thermometer)
    pyrometer
  18. destruction by fever
    pyrolysis
  19. abnormal fear of fire
    pyrophobia
  20. madness for setting fires
    pyromania
  21. pyrotoxin
    toxin produced by fever or high body temperature
  22. hidro-
    means sweat
  23. hidrocystadenoma
    cystic tumor of a sweat gland
  24. hidradenitis
    inflammation of sweat glands
  25. hidrosis
    condition of sweating
  26. hyperhidrosis
    profuse sweating
  27. hidrorrhea
    flow of sweat
  28. anhidrosis
    absence of sweat
  29. glyc/o
    sweet or sugar
  30. gluc/o
    sweet or sugar
  31. glycogenesis
    formation of sugar
  32. glucogenesis
    formation of sugar
  33. glycoprotein
    substance made of sugar and protein
  34. glucoprotein
    substance made of sugar and protein
  35. glycosuria
    sugar in the urine
  36. glucosuria
    sugar in the urine
  37. glycohemoglobin
    sugar and hemoglobin
  38. glycogen
    animal starch
  39. gluc/o
    combining form for glucose
  40. gormation of glucose from glycogen
    glucogenesis
  41. formation of glycogen from carbohydrates is
    glycogenesis
  42. glycohemoglobin
    combination of sugar and hemoglobin in the blood
  43. glycated hemoglobin
    combination of sugar and hemoglobin in the blood
  44. Type 1 Diabetes mellitus
    • insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
    • characterized by onset in youth
    • exogenous insulin dependency
  45. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus
    • noninsulin- dependent diabetes mellitus
    • onset in adults over 40
    • some endogenous insulin production, obesity or normal weight
    • treated with diet modification and oral hypoglycemic agents
  46. gestational diabetes mellitus
    • not previously diabetic who develops hyperglycemia during pregnancy
    • woman may progress to another diabetes mellitus or return to normal glucose levels postpartum
  47. -emia
    condition in the blood
  48. glycemia
    sugar in the blood
  49. hyperglycemia
    too much sugar in the blood
  50. hypoglycemia
    low blood sugar
  51. when a person has too much of the hormone insulin, the blood glucose level may decrease to below normal, this is called
    hypoglycemia
  52. formation of glycogen
    glycogenesis
  53. breakdown of glycogen to glucose
    glycolysis
  54. discharge of sugar from the body
    glycorrhea
  55. glycolipid
    sugar and fat
  56. immun/o
    immune
  57. immunity
    one of the bodys defenses against disease
  58. study of the function of the immune system
    immunology
  59. immunization
    injections given to stimulate an immune response to infections
  60. immunotherapy
    immunization
  61. immunologists
    one who studies immunity
  62. aut/o
    self
  63. autodiagnosis
    means diagnosing ones own diseases
  64. autodermic
    pertains to dermatoplasty with ones own skin
  65. autonomic
    self controlling
  66. autolysis
    self destruction
  67. self controlling part of the nervous system
    autonomic nervous system
  68. if one's own body produces antibodies to one's own tissues
    autoimmunity
  69. autophagia
    biting one self
  70. abnormal fear of being alone
    autophobia
  71. being allergic to ones own tissues
    autoimmunity
  72. therapy with one's own blood
    autohemotherapy
  73. surgery using grafts from one's own body
    autoplasty
  74. autologous
    originating in itself or coming from one's own body
  75. persons anticipating surgery can have blood drawn and saved for their own use if needed, this would be an ____________ blood transfusion
    autologous
  76. autograft
    using your own healthy skin as a skin graft
  77. autogenous
    originating in itself or coming from one's own body
  78. autophobia
    abnormal fear of one's self or being alone
  79. autophagia
    biting one's self
  80. hemi-
    half
  81. semi-
    half
  82. mono-
    one
  83. uni-
    one
  84. prot-
    first
  85. di(plo)-
    two
  86. tri-
    three
  87. tetra-
    four
  88. penta-
    five
  89. hexa-
    six
  90. hepta-
    seven
  91. octa-
    eight
  92. enne(a)-
    nine
  93. deca-
    ten
  94. hecto-
    on hundred
  95. kilo-
    one thousand
  96. prim-
    first
  97. bi-
    two
  98. tri-
    three
  99. quadr-
    four
  100. quint-
    five
  101. sex/ta-
    six
  102. sept/a
    seven
  103. oct-
    eight
  104. non(i)-
    nine
  105. dec(i)-
    tenth
  106. cent(i)-
    one hundreth
  107. mill(i)-
    one thousanth
  108. mongraph
    deals with a single subject
  109. mononuclear
    cell has one nucleus
  110. monomania
    abnormal preoccupation with one subject only
  111. one cell
    monocyte
  112. one tumor
    monoma
  113. paralysis of one muscle
    monomyoplegia
  114. pertaining to one nerve
    mononeural
  115. condition of increase in monocytes
    monocytosis
  116. mononucleosis
    • condtion caused by the viral infection that can damage the liver
    • abnormal high monocyte count
  117. multi-
    means many or more than one
  118. multicapsular
    many capsules
  119. multiglandular
    many glands
  120. multicellular
    many cells
  121. multinuclear
    many nuclei
  122. para
    word hat refers to a woman who has given birth one or more times
  123. parity
    quality of having given birth
  124. multipara
    woman who has brought forth more than one child
  125. multiparous
    adjective form of a woman who has had birth more than one time
  126. to indicate that twins are born say
    multiparous birth
  127. nulli-
    means none
  128. nullipara
    a woman has never borne a child
  129. primi-
    means first
  130. a woman who is having her first child is a
    primipara
  131. many
    multi
  132. bear
    para-
  133. first
    primi-
  134. deca-
    ten
  135. deci-
    the fraction one tenth
  136. decaliter
    ten liters
  137. deciliters
    one tenth of a liter
  138. kilometer
    one thousand meters
  139. millimeter
    one thousandth of a meter
  140. one thousand grams
    kilogram
  141. one thousandth of a gram
    milligram
  142. one thousand meters
    kilometer
  143. one thousandth of a meter
    millimeter
  144. one thousandth of a second
    millisecond
  145. one thousandth of a mole
    millimole
  146. one hundred meters
    hectometer
  147. one hundredth of a meter
    centimeter
  148. one hundred grams
    hectogram
  149. one hundredth of a gram
    centigram
  150. one thousandth of a litter
    milliliter
  151. ab-
    away from
  152. de-
    down from or from
  153. ex-
    out from
  154. abduction
    moving away from the midline
  155. abnormal
    going away from the normal
  156. aboral
    away from the mouth
  157. aberrant
    wandering away from the normal couse
  158. swinging the arm away from the body si
    abduction
  159. a sign or symptom that is unusual
    abnormal
  160. blood vessel that is not located where it should be is
    aberrant
  161. abirritant
    soemething that takes irritation away from the patient
  162. ablactation
    means take the baby away from the breastfeeding or cessation of milk secretion
  163. abrade
    skin is to scrape some of the skin away from the surface of the body
  164. endometrial ablation
    surgical procedure that destroys the uterine lining
  165. endovenous ablation
    used to take away the varicosed vein by collapsing the vessel wall
  166. descending nerve tract comes
    down from the brain
  167. teeth that fall from a childs mouth to make room for permanent teeth are called
    deciduous teeth
  168. dehydration
    takes water from a wet substance
  169. when water is taken from a cell
    dehydration
  170. when water is lost from the body due to excessive comiting or diarrhea the patient is
    dehydrated
  171. when calcium is removed from the bones
    decalicification
  172. excise
    to cut out
  173. exhale
    breath out waste matter from the body
  174. excretion
    process of getting a substance out of the body
  175. away from
    ab-
  176. out from
    ex-
  177. down from or from, resulting in less
    de-
  178. iso-
    equal
  179. isocellular
    composed of cells of equal size
  180. hypertonic solution
    • have higher osmotic pressure than blood cells
    • water moves out
  181. hypotonic solution
    • have a lower osmotic pressure than blood cells
    • water moves into cell
  182. isotonic solution
    has an equal osmotic pressure as blood cells
  183. fingers or toes of equal length
    isodactylism
  184. pertaining to equal temperature
    isothermic
  185. aniso
    unequal
  186. anisomastia
    means woman has unequal size breasts
  187. mastitis
    inflammation of the breast
  188. surgical excision of part or all of the breast
    mastectomy
  189. mast/o
    breast
  190. mastocarcinoma
    breast cancer
  191. anisocytosis
    cells are of unequal sizes
  192. dia-
    through, complete
  193. per-
    through
  194. peri-
    around
  195. circum-
    around
  196. periarticular
    around articulations or joints
  197. peritonsillar
    around the tonsil
  198. pericolic
    around the colon, pertaining to the colon
  199. periodontal
    pertaining to diseases of support structures around the teeth
  200. around cartilage
    perichondral
  201. odont/o
    teeth
  202. inflammation around a gland
    pariadenitis
  203. inflammation around the vagina
    pericolpitis
  204. inflammation around the liver
    perihepatitis
  205. excision of tissue around the heart
    pericardiectomy
  206. moving around in a circular motion
    circumduction
  207. circumocular
    around the eyes
  208. circumoral
    around the mouth
  209. circumcision
    • to cut around
    • surgical procedure for removing foreskin of the penis
  210. flow through
    diarrhea
  211. heat through
    diathermy
  212. -esis
    means action or process
  213. diaphoresis
    action of profuse sweating
  214. arthrodesis
    immobilizing a joint
  215. hematopoiesis
    forming blood
  216. causing urine to flow through more rapidly
    diuresis
  217. a substance that causes increase in urine output
    diuretic
  218. nocturnal enuresis
    nighttime bedwetting
  219. perforation
    means a puncture or hole
  220. per-
    through
  221. perforate
    act of making a hole through something
  222. an ulcer that has eaten a hole through the stomach wall is a
    perforated ulcer
  223. perfusion
    supplying tissues with oxygen and nutrients through the blood supply or other tissue fluids
  224. perfusate
    fluid used to perfuse tissues
  225. two prefixes that mean through
    dia, per
  226. two prefixes that mean around
    circum, peri
  227. percutaneous
    through the skin
  228. transluminal
    across the lumen
  229. coronary
    heart
  230. angioplasty
    vessel repair
  231. necr/o
    death
  232. necrocytosis
    cellular death
  233. necroparasite
    one that lives on dead organic matter
  234. necrosis
    condition in which dead tissue is surrounded with healthy tissue
  235. excision of dead tissue
    necrectomy
  236. incision into a dead body
    necrotomy
  237. abnormal fear of death
    necrophobia
  238. postmortem
    after death
  239. autopsy
    after death examination
  240. necropsy
    after death examination
  241. necroscopy
    after death examination
  242. adjective form of necrosis
    necrotic
  243. -philla
    abnormal or unusual atraction to
  244. necrophobia
    abnormal fear of dead bodies
  245. necrophillia
    abnormal attraction to dead bodies
  246. morbid fear of water
    hydrophobia
  247. strong attraction to water
    hydrophillia
  248. phil/o
    attraction to, liking, loving
  249. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  250. bid
    twice a day
  251. Ca
    calcium
  252. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  253. FME
    full mouth extraction
  254. HepB
    hepatitis B vaccine
  255. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  256. HPV
    human papiloma virus
  257. IPV
    inactivated poliovirus vaccine
  258. MMR
    measles mumps rubella
  259. ablactation
    weaning a baby from the breast
  260. ablation
    takes away a layer or destroys tissue layer
  261. abortion
    termination of pregnancy
  262. aerophillia
    attraction to air
  263. anhidrosis
    absence of sweating
  264. anisocytosis
    cells of unequal sizes
  265. autodermic
    plastic surgery and grafting using ones own skin
  266. autodiagnosis
    diagnosing one's self
  267. autogenous
    made by or from one's own tissues
  268. autograft
    graft of tissue from one's own body
  269. autohemotherapy
    transfusion with one's own blood
  270. autoimmunity
    reaction of immune response to own tissues
  271. autologous
    originating from one's self
  272. autophillia
    attraction to one's self
  273. circumocular
    encircling the eye
  274. epilepsy
    disorder characterized by seizures
  275. extension
    straighten or lengthen a body part
  276. glycohemoglobin
    hemoglobin with attached glucose
  277. hematophilia
    attraction to blood
  278. immunodeficiency
    deficient or poor immune system
  279. isometric
    measures the same on all sides
  280. monocytosis
    increase in the number of monocytes
  281. monoma
    a single tumor
  282. monomyoplegia
    paralysis of one muscle
  283. mononucleosis
    viral infection causing monocytosis
  284. percutaneous
    through the skin
  285. perforation
    puncturing
  286. primigravida
    first pregnancy
  287. pyrexia
    fever
  288. pyrolysis
    destruction of tissue caused by fever
  289. pyromania
    compulsion for setting fires
  290. pyrophilia
    attraction to fire
  291. pyrosis
    heartburn
  292. pyrotoxin
    poisonous by product of metabolism created during fever

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