Heart and Cancer

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  1. Tumors (neoplasms)
    New growths that arise from normal tissue.
  2. Malignant
    capable of invasion and spread to surrounding or more distant sites.
  3. Benign
    Non invasive and not spreading to other sites.
  4. Characteristics of Malignant
    the tumor cells grow rapidly. they are invasive and infiltrative, they are composed of cancerous cells that resemble primitive cells and lack capacity to preform mature cell function. aplasia and undifferentiated also Metastatic
  5. the characteristics of Malignant tumors are called
  6. Characteristics of Benign Tumors
    Grow slowly, they are noninvasive and  Encapsulated(contained with fibrous capsule or cover)Composed of organied and specialized well (differentiated) cells. also do not spread or metastasize(nonmetastatic)
  7. Differentiated
    organized and specialized
  8. undifferentiated
    Lacking microscopic structures typical of normal mature cells
  9. carcinomas
    malignant tumors...the largest group of solid tumors that are derived from epithelial tissue that lines eternal and internal body surfaces including skin, glands, and digestive, urinary, and reproductive organs
  10. sarcomas
    Malignant tumors but less are less common that carcinomas. they derive from connective tissues in the body, such as bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, and bone marrow, and cells from the lymphatic system.
  11. Mixed tumors
    Malignant tumors that are derived from tissue that is capable of differentiating into both epithelial and connective tissue some are found in kidneys, ovaries, and testes
  12. Sphygmomanometer
    used to measure blood pressure
  13. AF=Atrial fibrillation
    electrical impulses that move randomly throughout the atrial
  14. VF =Ventricular Fibrillation
    Electrical impulses that move randomly throughout the atrial
  15. COA=coarctation of the aorta
    localized narrowing of the aorta reduced the supply of blood to the lower part of the body
  16. PDA= Patent ductus arteriosus
    when the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth and blood from the aorta flows through it into the pulmonary artery.
  17. VSD=Ventricle septal defect
    when a hole in the ventricle septum causes blood to flow from the left ventricle to the right ventricles and into the lings via pulmonary artery
  18. tetralogy of fallot
    four distinct heart defects which are 1.Pulmonary artery, 2,Ventricular septal defect, 3,Shift of the aorta to the right, and 4,hypertrophy of the right ventricle
  19. CHF= /congestive heart failure
    Heat is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
  20. CAD= coronary artery disease
    disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
  21. atherosclerosis
    deposition of fatty compounds on the inner lining of the coronary arteries
  22. thrombotic occlusion
    blocking of the coronary artery by clot...blood flow is decreased
  23. ACSs= Acute coronary syndromes
    conditions caused by myocardial ischemia. these conditions are unstable angina, and myocardial infraction
  24. unstable Angina=
    chest pain at rest or chest pain of increasing frequency
  25. MI= Myocardial infarction
    a well-demarcated pale yellow lesion in the posterolateral region of the left ventricle. the border of the infract is surrounded a dark red zone of acute inflammation.
  26. Endocarditis
    Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  27. hypertensive heart disease
    high blood pressure affecting the heart
  28. MVP=Mitral valve prolapse
    improper closure of the mitral valve.
  29. murmur
    Extra heart sound, heard between normal beats
  30. pericarditis
    inflammation of the membrane (pericardium)  surrounding the heart.
  31. Rheumatic Heart disease
    Heart disease caused by rheumatic fever
  32. DVT deep vein thrombosis
    Blood vein forms in a large vein. usually in a lower limb
  33. HTN=Hypertension
    High blood pressure
  34. PAD Peripheral arterial disease
    Blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys and other organs
  35. Raynaud Disease
    Recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes
  36. varicose veins
    abnormally swollwn and twisted veins, usually in the legs
Card Set:
Heart and Cancer
2015-05-05 14:49:09
Chapter 11

Chapter 19
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