Imperialism Test

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Imperialism Test
2015-05-07 09:47:42

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  1. The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
  2. When the local rulers were left in place but were expected to follow the advice of European advisors on issues such as trade or missionary activity.
  3. When an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges.
    Sphere of influence
  4. How did Western imperialism spread so quickly through Africa and Asia?
    The Africans and Asians did not have weapons that would be able to compete with the European guns. Europe also had strong navies and armies and many technological and economic advantages.
  5. What was the goal of the French when going to Africa and Asia? How did they accomplish this goal?
    Their goal was to impose French culture on their colonies and turn them into provinces. They did so by practicing direct rule, sending officials and soldiers from France to administer their colonies
  6. How did the British establish their colonies?
    The British established their colonies indirectly by using sultans, chiefs, or other local rulers. They encouraged the children to get education in Britain which established a new Westernized generation of leaders. If the control of a colony was threatened they would use military force, like most Western nations.
  7. What form of governing colonies was less expensive? Why?
    Protectorate because it usually did not require a large commitment of military forces.
  8. How much larger is Africa than Europe?
    Nearly 3 times larger
  9. Who is a ruthless and brilliant leader that relentlessly waged war and conquered many nearby peoples?
  10. Who was a scholar or and preacher that denounced the corruption of the local Hausa rulers?
    Usman dan Fodio
  11. The way most Westerners viewed Africans and Asians (as children in need of guidance)
  12. The best known explorer and missionary who had more sympathy and less biases then most Europeans.
    Dr. David Livingstone
  13. Journalist that found Dr. Livingstone. He was later hired by King Leopold II to explore the Congo Basin and arrange trade treaties with African leaders.
    Henry Stanely
  14. King of Belgium. He spoke publicly about civilizing missions that would carry the light, however, secretly he just wanted conquest and profit.
    King Leopold II
  15. European powers met here in 1884 to discuss how the lands would be distributed however no Africans were invited.
    Berlin Conference
  16. What were some of the things settled in the Berlin Conference?
    • The Congo would be free trade to all and not for LeopoldĀ 
    • They couldn't claim African land unless their government was already set up
  17. What were some of the results of the Berlin Conference?
    • The Europeans redrew the map of Africa with little or no regards to traditional settlement patterns and ethnic boundaries
    • They began to send more explorers and officials out to establish colonies and governments in African regions.
  18. What were some of the exploited riches of the Congo and who is responsible for exploiting them? How?
    • ivory, rubber, and copper
    • Leopold and other wealthy Belgians by forcing villagers to work for almost nothing, by savagely beating or mutilating them, and by brutalizing them
  19. Why did Belgian government take over the Congo? Did it help or worsen the conditions?
    Due to international concern and the drastic population decline in the Congo, Europeans forced Belgium to take control. This settled most of the abuses, however, social Darwinism still remained in tact and they believed that the Africans were a possession that needed to be exploited
  20. Who had to fight with the French in West Africa where he was building his own empire?
    Samori Toure
  21. Who became the Asante queen after the king was exiled by the British? What did she do?
    Yaa Asantewaa lead the last fight of theĀ Asante war against the British.
  22. A clever tactician that became a military leader in Shona, Zimbabwe.
  23. What were the only two African nations that were able to keep its independence from the Europeans?
    Liberia and Ethiopia
  24. What was the new class in Africa called? What were some characteristics of these people?
    • elite
    • They were Western educated Africans
  25. How did the Ethiopians resist imperialism?
    Menelik II began to modernize the country and had European weapons exported and modern road built and officers the help train his army so they were prepared when the italians attacked.
  26. Who's conquest caused mass migrations and wars, creating much chaos across the region?
  27. Who set up a powerful Islamic state in northern Nigeria? What happened under his rule?
    Usman dan Fodio; under his rule local wars were quieted, literacy rates increased, and trade was improved.
  28. Who called for social and religious reforms based on the sharia, Islamic law?
    Usman dan Fodio