Rise and Fall of Police Legitiamacy

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Anonymous
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302226
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Rise and Fall of Police Legitiamacy
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2015-05-06 06:28:59
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Rise Fall Police Legitiamacy nicole
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Rise and Fall of Police Legitiamacy
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  1. Who are the police?
    • An institution empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder.
    • Their powers include the legitimized use of force

    • great fragility between police and public
    • Eric Garner, Michael Brown
    • Obama "oppressive, abusive and racially bias"
  2. legitimacy
    • BEETHAM (1991) 
    • "moral or normative aspects of power"
    • Power is seen a legitimate if it can be justified in terms of shared beliefs
  3. Importance of Police Legitimacy
    • Policing can only be effective with consent
    • Needs public to co-operate

    • BUT BITTNER (1974) Policing is about conflict and potential use of state sanctioned force
    • Thus, legitimacy important as trust must be maintained
    • in order for piblic to accept it is a legitimate institution
    • we consent to be controlled but only if power is legitimate
  4. Rise of police legitimacy (4 points)
    • Bureaucratisation - skilled, professional workforce
    • Rule of law - use of minimum force
    • Political impartiality - public acceptance, insulated from direct political control, independent agency
    • Preventative policing - security and property protected
    • 1950s "golden age"
  5. Police is about conflict and potential use of state sanctioned force
    Bittner 1974
  6. "moral or normative aspects of power"
    Beetham 1991
  7. Fall of police legitimacy - no longer seen as disciplined, impartial bureaucracy
    • complex social changes - widening inequality (Thatcher Admin 1979) - fragility increases as society becomes more divided
    • less bureaucratic - corruption scandals in the Metropolitan police
    • Malpractice - use of physical force Blair Peach 1979 death at a protest, unauthorized police weapon
    • Political Impatriality
    • Service Role
    • Role of media - challenging police legitimacy
  8. Malpractise example
    use of physical force Blair Peach 1979 death at a protest, unauthorized police weapon
  9. Political Impartiality
    • concerns affiliated with politics of the Right
    • 1980s - tool of social control by Thatcher
    • Miners Strikes of 1984/5
    • riots and social unrest
    • Police as instruments of the Right wing govenment
    • use of brutal force
    • mass arrests
  10. Service Role
    • Denigration of service role
    • "firebrigade policing" - forced to drive
    • Removal of bobbies on beat (foot patrol)
    • losing community RS
    • transforming preventative role - profiling of potential offenders (fosters mistrust)

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