Med term Unit 13

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cfalgo1
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Med term Unit 13
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2015-05-06 17:04:26
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Med Term Unit 13
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Med Term Unit 13 Respiratory System and Pulmonology
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  1. respiratory system
    body system that is responsible for oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
  2. inhaling or breathing in
    inspiration
  3. exhaling or breathing out
    espiration
  4. alveoli
    spherical structures surrounded by capillaries through which Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide exchange occurs
  5. nas/o
    nose
  6. rhin/o
    nose
  7. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  8. laryng/o
    larynx
  9. trache/o
    trachea
  10. bronch/o
    bronchi
  11. bronchiol/o
    bronchioles
  12. alveol/o
    alveoli
  13. phren/o
    diaphragm
  14. diaphragmat/o
    diaphragm
  15. diaphragm/o
    diaphragm
  16. pulmon/o
    lung
  17. pneum/o
    air
  18. pneumon/o
    lung
  19. pneumonectomy
    removal of part or all of a lung
  20. incision into the lung
    pneumonotomy
  21. pneumonopathy
    disease of the lungs
  22. hemorrhage of a lung
    pneumonorrhagia
  23. pne/o
    breathing
  24. pneum/o
    air
  25. pneumon/o
    lung
  26. -pnea
    breathing
  27. nas/o
    nasal cavity
  28. ment/o
    chin
  29. pneumonia
    acute inflammation of the lungs caused by a variety of bacteria, fungi, and viruses
  30. another word for pneumonia
    pneumonitis
  31. surgical puncture of a lung to remove fluid
    pneumonocentesis
  32. surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid
    thoracocentesis
  33. inflammation of the lungs
    • pneumonia
    • pneumonitis
  34. -ectasia
    dilation or expansion
  35. -ectasis
    dilation or expansion
  36. atelectasis
    imperfect expansion of the lungs, collapsed lung
  37. lung colapse due to trauma
    atelectasis
  38. pneumonopexy
    surgical fixation of a prolapsed lung
  39. melan/o
    black
  40. pneumonomelanosis
    lung disease often found in coal miners in which lung tissue becomes black due to breathing black dust
  41. pneumonomycosis
    fungal condition of the lungs
  42. myc/o
    fungus
  43. mycosis
    condition caused by fungus
  44. condition of lung fungus
    pneumonomycosis
  45. resembling fungi
    mycoid
  46. science and study of fungi
    mycology
  47. fungal disease of the pharynx
    pharyngomycosis
  48. fungal disease of the nose
    rhinomycosis
  49. fungal disease of the skin
    dermatomycosis
  50. inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus
    mycodermatitis
  51. pneumoderma
    collection of air under the skin
  52. collection of air in the chest cavity
    pneumothorax
  53. hydrotherapy
    treatment with water
  54. treatment with compressed air
    pneumotherapy
  55. spirometer
    measures lung volume
  56. instrument that measures air volume
    pneumometer
  57. process of measuring lung volume
    spirometry
  58. pneumoserothorax
    collection of air and serum in the chest cavity
  59. ser/o
    serum
  60. pneumopyothorax
    collection of air and pus in the thoracic cavity
  61. collection of air and blood in this same cavity
    pneumohemothorax
  62. pneumothroax
    air forced into the chest
  63. pertaining to the lungs
    • pulmonary
    • pulmonic
  64. heart valve through which blood travels to the lungs is
    pulmonary valve
  65. blood flows from the heart to the lungs via
    pulmonary artery
  66. cardiopulmonary
    refers to the hear and the lungs
  67. embolus
    thrombus that moves
  68. blood clot moving to the lung
    pulmonary embolus
  69. apnea
    absence of breathing
  70. dyspnea
    difficult breathing
  71. hyperpnea
    increased rate and depth of breathing
  72. trachypnea
    rapid breathing
  73. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  74. orthopnea
    able to breathe only when sitting up or standing
  75. hemoptysis
    expectorating (coughing up) blood
  76. hyperventilation
    excessive movement of air in and out of lungs, sighing respirations
  77. hypoxia
    low oxygen levels in organs and tissue
  78. cyanosis
    bluish color due to hypoxia
  79. orth/o
    straight
  80. orthopenia
    difficulty breathing if laying straight in a horizontal position
  81. absence of breathing
    apnea
  82. slow breathing
    bradypnea
  83. able to breathe only when sitting up
    orthopnea
  84. inflammation of nose and pharynx
    nasopharyngitis
  85. pertaining to the nasal and frontal bone
    nasofrontal
  86. pertaining to the nose and lacrimal duct
    nasolacrimal
  87. epistaxis
    nosebleed or hemorrhage from the nose
  88. nasopharyngeal
    pertaining to the nose and pharynx
  89. pharyngolith
    calculus in the wall of the pharynx
  90. pharyngomycosis
    fungal disease of the pharynx
  91. inflammation of the pharynx
    pharyngitis
  92. herniation of the pharynx
    pharyngocele
  93. incision of the pharynx
    pharyngotomy
  94. disease of the pharynx
    pharyngopathy
  95. surgical repair of the pharynx
    pharyngoplasty
  96. instrument to examine the pharynx
    pharyngoscope
  97. laryng/o
    larynx
  98. organ of sound
    laryng/o
  99. inflammation of the larynx
    laryngitis
  100. pain in the larynx
    laryngalgia
  101. creating a new opening in the larynx
    laryngostomy
  102. incision into the larynx
    laryngotomy
  103. herniation of the larynx
    laryngocele
  104. disease of the larynx
    laryngopathy
  105. instrument used to examine the larynx
    laryngoscope
  106. spasm of the larynx
    laryngospasm
  107. trache/o
    wind pipe
  108. tracheopyosis
    a condition of the trachea with pus formation
  109. tracheorrhagia
    hemorrhage from the trachea
  110. pain in the trachea
    trachealgia
  111. incision into the trachea
    tracheotomy
  112. herniation of the trachea
    tracheocele
  113. examination of the trachea
    tracheoscopy
  114. pertaining to the trachea
    tracheal
  115. incision of the trachea and larynx
    tracheolaryngotomy
  116. surgical creation of a new opening in the trachea
    tracheostomy
  117. within the trachea
    endotracheal
  118. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  119. bronchoscope
    instrument to examine the bronchi
  120. bronchofiberoscopy
    use of a flexible bronchofiberscope to examine the tracheobronchial tree
  121. calculus in a bronchus
    broncholith
  122. examination of a bronchus with instrument
    bronchoscopy
  123. bronchial hemorrhage
    bronchorrhagia
  124. formation of a new opening into a bronchus
    bronchostomy
  125. spasm of a bronchus
    bronchospasm
  126. suturing of a bronchus
    bronchorrhaphy
  127. pleural
    membrane around the lungs
  128. plural of pleura
    pleurae
  129. pleural
    pertaining to the pleura
  130. pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura
  131. pain in the pleura
    • pleuralgia
    • pleurodynia
  132. surgical puncturing of the pleura
    pleurocentesis
  133. pertaining to the membrane attached to the lung
    viceropleural
  134. calculus in the pleura
    pleurolith
  135. excision of part of the pleura
    pleurectomy
  136. two words for inflammation of the pleura
    • pleuritis
    • pleurisy
  137. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  138. paralysis of the diaphragm
    phrenoplegia
  139. adjective form of diaphragm/o
    diaphragmatic
  140. 2 words that mean removal of part of the phrenic nerve
    • phrenectomy
    • phrenicectomy
  141. dextr/o
    right
  142. sinistr/o
    left
  143. oculus sinister
    eye, left
  144. oculus dexter
    eye, right
  145. auris sinister
    ear, left
  146. auris dexter
    ear, right
  147. sinistrad
    means toward the left
  148. pertaining to the left
    sinistral
  149. displacement of the heart to the left
    sinistrocardia
  150. pertaining to the left half of the cerebrum
    sinistrocerebral
  151. manual
    hand
  152. pedal
    foot
  153. left handed
    sinistromanual
  154. left footed
    sinistropedal
  155. dextrad
    toward the right
  156. pertaining to the right
    dextral
  157. displacement of the heart to the right
    dextrocardia
  158. displacement of the stomach to the right
    destrogastria
  159. right handed
    dextromanual
  160. right footed
    dextropedal
  161. combining forms for foot
    • pod/o
    • ped/i
  162. two words for foot pain
    • podoalgia
    • pedialgia
  163. podiatrist
    health professional responsible for care of conditions of the feet
  164. chirospasm
    spasm of the hand
  165. chir/o
    hand
  166. chiropractors
    use hands to manipulate the body for therapy
  167. surgical repair of the hand
    chiroplasty
  168. pedi/a
    child
  169. pediatrician
    physician specialist that treats children
  170. medical specialty for treatment of diseases of children
    pediatrics
  171. ger/i
    old age
  172. gerontology
    study of treatment of aging and the elderly
  173. geriatrics
    medical specialty involving treating diseases related to old age
  174. study of aging
    gerontology
  175. ontology
    study of developmental process
  176. AD
    right ear
  177. AS
    left ear
  178. COLD
    chronic obstructive lung disease
  179. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  180. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  181. ICU
    intensive care unit
  182. IS
    incentive spirometer
  183. PD
    pulmonary disease
  184. Peds
    pediatrics
  185. R
    respiration rate
  186. TB
    tuberculosis
  187. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  188. asthma
    inflammatory lung disease with narrowing of the bronchi
  189. atelectasis
    collapsed lung
  190. chiroplasty
    surgical repair of the hands
  191. croup
    laryngotracheobronchitis with a hoarse cough
  192. dextrocardia
    heart displaced to the right
  193. dextrogastria
    stomach displaced to the right
  194. embolism
    process of having an embolus
  195. emphysema
    loss of elasticity of terminal bronchioles
  196. epistaxis
    nose bleed
  197. hemoptysis
    bloody sputum
  198. larynx
    voice box
  199. nasoantritis
    inflammation of the nose and antrum
  200. nasofrontal
    pertaining to the nasal and frontal bones
  201. nasolacrimal
    pertaining to the nose and lacrimal ducts
  202. nasomental
    pertaining to the nose and chin
  203. otorhinolaryngologist
    physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
  204. pertussis
    whooping cough
  205. phrenectomy
    excision of part of the phrenal nerve
  206. pleuralgia
    pleural membrane pain
  207. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  208. pleurolith
    stone in the pleural cavity
  209. ptyalorrhea
    flow of saliva
  210. respiratory
    pertaining to breathing
  211. tracheopyosis
    condition of pus in the trachea

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