Unit 6: Absorption and Excretion

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Unit 6: Absorption and Excretion
2015-05-06 15:18:08
lawrencem anatomy physiology kearney unit absorption excretion

Use these cards to study for the Junior Unit 6: absorption and excretion test for Mrs. M Lawrence's Anatomy and Physiology class at Kearney High School
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    • a. mouth (oropharynx)
    • b. esophagus
    • c. large intestine (ascending colon)
    • d. stomach (fundus)
    • e. small intestine (duodenum)
    • f. small intestine (illeum)
    • g. rectum
    • h. anus
  1. organs of the digestive system that are part of the alimentary canal
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small and large intestines
  2. accessory organs of the digestive system
    • salivary glands
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  3. three parts of the small intestine in order
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • illeum
  4. organ that absorbs water, fat adn water soluble vitamins and makes feces
    large intestine (colon)
  5. smooth muscle contractions of the esophagus and intestines that propels food through the alimentary canal
  6. type of digestion done by chewing, peristalsis, churning and dehydration
  7. type of digestion done by enzymes speeding up chemical reactions
  8. projections in the small intestine that increase surface area for absorption of nutrients
  9. enzyme in the mouth and pancreas that speeds up the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates into disaccharides and monosaccharides
  10. enzyme in the stomach that speeds up the chemical breakdown of proteins into amino acids
  11. enzyme in the small intestine that speeds up the chemical breakdown of proteins into amino acids
  12. enzyme made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and secreted into the small intestine to speed up the chemical digestion of lipids into fatty acids
  13. factors that can denature enzymes
    pH, high temperature, salt
  14. increasing substrate or enzyme concentration will affect enzyme activity in which way
  15. adequate diet must include . . .
    sufficient energy, essential fatty acids and amino acids, vitamins and minerals
    • a. trachea
    • b. bronchus
    • c. lung
    • d. bronchioles
    • e. diaphragm
  16. gas that we breath out to raise the blood pH
    CO(carbon dioxide)
  17. where are vocal cords found
  18. cartilagenous structure that covers the opening to the larynx when you swollow
  19. small airsacs at the end of the bronchioles that allow for gas exchange
    alveoli (s. alveolus)
  20. the diaphragm contracting causes . . .
    enlarging of the thoracic cavity and inhalation
  21. the diaphragm relaxing causes . . .
    constricting of the thoracic cavity and exhalation
    • a. Inspiratory Reserve Volume
    • b. Expiratory Reserve Volume
    • c. Residual Volume
    • e. Vital Capacity
    • g. Tidal Volume
    • h. Total Lung Capacity
  22. two parts of brain that control breathing rate and depth
    pons and medulla oblongata
  23. 3 muscle that contract to breath in (inspiration)
    • Diaphragm
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Pectoralis minor
  24. which 3 muscles contract to breath out (expiration)
    • Rectus abdominus
    • obliques
    • Intercostal muscles
  25. organ of the excretory system that makes urine
  26. organ of the excretory system that stores urine
    urinary bladder
  27. organ of the excretory system that carries urine to the bladder
  28. organ of the excretory system that expels uring from the body
  29. functions of the urinary system
    • regulation of blood volume
    • excretion of liquid waste
    • homeostasis of water, electrolytes and pH
    • a. glomerulus
    • b. proximal convoluted tubule
    • c. loop of Henle
    • d. Bowman's capsule
    • e. distal convoluted tubule
    • f. collecting duct
    • g. peritubular capillaries
  30. substances in the blood exiting the nephron
    formed elements, water, electrolytes, protein, glucose, citric/lactic and uric acid
  31. substances in urine
    water, electrolytes, urea, creatinine, waste
  32. types of extracellular fluid
    • interstitial
    • CSF
    • synovial fluid
    • plasma
  33. which hormone regulated water uptake in the nephrons
    ADH - antidiuretic hormone
  34. which hormone regulates sodium and potassium uptake in the nephrons
  35. which hormones regulate calcium uptake in the nephrons
    calcitonin and parathyroid hormone