Unit 6: Respiration and Digestion

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    • a. mouth (oropharynx)
    • b. esophagus
    • c. large intestine (ascending colon)
    • d. stomach (fundus)
    • e. small intestine (duodenum)
    • f. small intestine (illeum)
    • g. rectum
    • h. anus
  1. organs of the digestive system that are part of the alimentary canal
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small and large intestines
  2. accessory organs of the digestive system
    • salivary glands
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  3. three parts of the small intestine in order
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • illeum
  4. organ that absorbs water, fat adn water soluble vitamins and makes feces
    large intestine (colon)
  5. smooth muscle contractions of the esophagus and intestines that propels food through the alimentary canal
    peristalsis
  6. type of digestion done by chewing, peristalsis, churning and dehydration
    mechanical
  7. type of digestion done by enzymes speeding up chemical reactions
    chemical
  8. projections in the small intestine that increase surface area for absorption of nutrients
    villi
  9. enzyme in the mouth and pancreas that speeds up the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates into disaccharides and monosaccharides
    amylase
  10. enzyme in the stomach that speeds up the chemical breakdown of proteins into amino acids
    pepsin
  11. enzyme in the small intestine that speeds up the chemical breakdown of proteins into amino acids
    trypsin
  12. enzyme made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and secreted into the small intestine to speed up the chemical digestion of lipids into fatty acids
    bile
  13. factors that can denature enzymes
    pH, high temperature, salt
  14. increasing substrate or enzyme concentration will affect enzyme activity in which way
    increase
  15. adequate diet must include . . .
    sufficient energy, essential fatty acids and amino acids, vitamins and minerals
    • a. trachea
    • b. bronchus
    • c. lung
    • d. bronchioles
    • e. diaphragm
  16. gas that we breath out to raise the blood pH
    CO(carbon dioxide)
  17. where are vocal cords found
    larynx
  18. cartilagenous structure that covers the opening to the larynx when you swollow
    epiglottis
  19. small airsacs at the end of the bronchioles that allow for gas exchange
    alveoli (s. alveolus)
  20. the diaphragm contracting causes . . .
    enlarging of the thoracic cavity and inhalation
  21. the diaphragm relaxing causes . . .
    constricting of the thoracic cavity and exhalation
    • a. Inspiratory Reserve Volume
    • b. Expiratory Reserve Volume
    • c. Residual Volume
    • e. Vital Capacity
    • g. Tidal Volume
    • h. Total Lung Capacity
  22. two parts of brain that control breathing rate and depth
    pons and medulla oblongata
  23. 3 muscle that contract to breath in (inspiration)
    • Diaphragm
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Pectoralis minor
  24. which 3 muscles contract to breath out (expiration)
    • Rectus abdominus
    • obliques
    • Intercostal muscles

Card Set Information

Author:
lawrencem
ID:
302253
Filename:
Unit 6: Respiration and Digestion
Updated:
2017-04-12 15:20:04
Tags:
lawrencem anatomy physiology kearney unit absorption excretion
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Description:
Use these cards to study for the Unit 6: respiration and digestion test for Mrs. M Lawrence's Anatomy and Physiology class at Kearney High School
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