Endorine System

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Author:
Marine
ID:
302256
Filename:
Endorine System
Updated:
2015-06-11 17:28:01
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physiology physio
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Physio
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Endorine System
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  1. A typical distribution of hairs results from:
    A. is inherited in women and it is determined by androgens in men
    B. is determined by sex only
    C. is determined by sex but also influenced by hormones
    D. is inherited
    E. androgens in men, but not in women
    C. is determined by sex but also influenced by hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Estrogen secretion in ovarium is not influenced by:
    A. FSH
    B. activity of sympaticus
    C. LTH
    D. progesterone
    E. LH
    B. activity of sympaticus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of following hormones is not secreted by anterior pituitary gland:
    A. ACTH
    B. TSH
    C. ADH
    D. FSH
    E. STH
    C. ADH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which hormone is mainly secreted in the first trimester of pregnancy?
    A. pregnanediol
    B. choriogonadotrophine
    C. vasopresine
    D. oxytocin
    E. estrogen
    B. choriogonadotrophine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. ACTH stimulates preferably the secretion:
    A. noradrenaline
    B. suprarenal androgens
    C. aldosterone
    D. hydrocortisone
    E. cortisone
    D. hydrocortisone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. After the administration of thyroxine:
    A. there is no detectable metabolic change within first 24 hours
    B. heart is more sensitive to adrenaline
    C. brain metabolism increases in 24 hours
    D. blood cholesterol increases
    E. energy metabolism decreases
    B. heart is more sensitive to adrenaline
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Adrenaline does not effect:
    A. increase of the heart activity
    B. skin vasoconstriction
    C. inhibition of intestinal tonus and peristaltics
    D. glycogenolysis
    E. bronchoconstriction
    E. bronchoconstriction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Lipolysis does not result from:
    A. ACTH
    B. adrenaline
    C. thyroxine
    D. STH
    E. insulin
    E. insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The positive feedback works in a regulation of:
    A. ADH
    B. Oxytocin
    C. Insulin
    D. TSH
    B. Oxytocin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Low plasma glucose level:
    a. stimulates glucagon release
    b. can cause a coma
    c. induces a translocation of GLUT-4 to a cell membrane
    d. all above is true
    • a. stimulates glucagon release
    • b. can cause a coma
  11. Glucagon
    a. stimulates insulin release
    b. is secreted by A cells
    c. inhibits glycogen synthesis
    d. stimulates glycogen synthesis
    • a. stimulates insulin release
    • b. is secreted by A cells
    • c. inhibits glycogen synthesis
  12. Growth hormone.
    a. its level is controled by GNRH and somatostatin
    b. highest levels are at night
    c. decreases plasma glucose level
    d. increases releasing of IGF-1
    • a. its level is controled by GNRH and somatostatin
    • b. highest levels are at night
    • d. increases releasing of IGF-1
  13. Which statements are true?
    a. Thyroidal receptors are more common in the liver than in the spleen.
    b. T4 is more effective than T3.
    c. Thyroidal hormones have a strong lipolytic effect
    d. Hyperthyreosis can cause a myxoedema.
    • a. Thyroidal receptors are more common in the liver than in the spleen.
    • c. Thyroidal hormones have a strong lipolytic effect
  14. Calcitoninis
    A. inhibits bone resorption by osteocytes
    B. released when plasma Ca2+ ions decrease
    C. is released from C cells of parathyreoid
    D. glands increases the absorption of Ca2+ in the intestines
    d. Hyperthyreosis can cause a myxoedema.
    A. inhibits bone resorption by osteocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Glucocorticoids:
    a. have an anti-inflammatory effect
    b. their excessive amount cause an Addison disease
    c. increase a plasma glucose level
    d. are produced in zona glomerulosa of the adrenal gland
    • a. have an anti-inflammatory effect
    • c. increase a plasma glucose level
  16. Which statements are correct?
    a. Prolactin beginning to produce just after childbirth.
    b. Prolactin inhibit releasing of luteinizing hormone.
    c. Prolactin is produced only in relation of lactation or pathologically in pituitary tumors.
    d. Lactogenic effects of prolactin during pregnancy are blocked by the presence of progesterone and estrogen.
    • b. Prolactin inhibit releasing of luteinizing hormone.
    • d. Lactogenic effects of prolactin during pregnancy are blocked by the presence of progesterone and estrogen.
  17. Parathormone:
    a. is released when the plasma Ca2+ rises:
    b. decreases the reabsorption of phosphate ions in the kidney
    c. target organs of effect are the intestine, kidney and bone
    d. its effect is mediated by reduction of cAMP in target cells
    • b. decreases the reabsorption of phosphate ions in the kidney
    • c. target organs of effect are the intestine, kidney and bone
  18. Hypothyreosis:
    a. nowadays, due to sufficient iodine in the diet it is a rare disease
    b. is manifested by intolerance to cold
    c. is characterized by exophthalmos
    d. during pregnancy endangers the mental development of the fetus
    • b. is manifested by intolerance to cold
    • d. during pregnancy endangers the mental development of the fetus
  19. Addison's disease:
    a. is manifested by weight loss
    b. appear hyperpigmentation of skin and mucous membranes
    c. Early symptom is hyperglycemia
    d. is caused by impaired function of the adrenal cortex
    • a. is manifested by weight loss
    • b. appear hyperpigmentation of skin and mucous membranes
    • d. is caused by impaired function of the adrenal cortex
  20. Luteinizing hormone:
    a. is released from the anterior pituitary under the influence of GnRH
    b. acts on the Leydig cells
    c. increased release of LH triggers puberty
    d. acts on Sertoli cells
    • a. is released from the anterior pituitary under the influence of GnRH
    • b. acts on the Leydig cells
    • c. increased release of LH triggers puberty
  21. Which statements are true about metabolism?
    a. Catecholamines increase blood glukose
    b. Thyroid hormones have a hypoglycaemic effect
    c. Patiens with type 2 diabetes have low production of insulin from the onset of disease.
    d. Injection of glucagon can be used as first aid for hypoglycemic coma
    • a. Catecholamines increase blood glukose
    • d. Injection of glucagon can be used as first aid for hypoglycemic coma

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