Renal System

Card Set Information

Author:
Marine
ID:
302261
Filename:
Renal System
Updated:
2015-06-11 16:38:07
Tags:
physiology physio
Folders:
Physio
Description:
Renal System
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Marine on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Substance use for glomerular filtration measurment:
    a. Must have the same concentration in plasma and glomerular filtrate
    b. Is completely excreted in one passage through kidney
    c. Must not diffuse through the tubulary wall
    d. Must not be excreted in tubulus
    e. Must not be reabsorbed in tubulus
    • a. Must have the same concentration in plasma and glomerular filtrate
    • c. Must not diffuse through the tubulary wall
    • d. Must not be excreted in tubulus
    • e. Must not be reabsorbed in tubulus
  2. Clearance of inulin is used for measurment of:
    A. Renal blood flow
    B. Glomerular filtration
    C. Diuresis
    D. Tm of inulin
    B. Glomerular filtration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the named substances excretes in a linear relation to its plasmatic concentration?
    A. Alanin
    B. Urea
    C. PAH
    D. Inulin
    E. Glucose
    D. Inulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. It is true for renal blood flow:
    a. A magnitude is regulated by constrictory nerves
    b. Its autoregulation is important
    c. Is greater in cortex than in medula
    • b. Its autoregulation is important
    • c. Is greater in cortex than in medula
  5. Oxygen consumption in kidney correlates best with:
    A. Sodium reabsorption
    B. Renal blood flow
    C. Concentration of glucose
    D. Diuresis
    E. Tubular secretion
    A. Sodium reabsorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the mechanism of secretion of two substances with clearance 0 ml/min or 50 ml/min?
    A. Glomerular filtration + tubular secretion
    B. Tubular secretion only
    C. Diffusion only
    D. The glomerular filtration only
    E. Glomerular filtration + tubular reabsorption
    E. Glomerular filtration + tubular reabsorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. For the calculation of filtration fraction we need to measure:
    a. Mean pressure in glomerular capillaries
    b. Mean pressure in Bowman capsule
    c. Mean pressure in glomerular capillaries and mean pressure in Bowman capsule
    d. Oncotic pressure of blood or plasma
    e. Clearance of inulin
    f. Clearance of PAH
    • e. Clearance of inulin
    • f. Clearance of PAH
  8. What percentage of glomerular filtrate reabsorbed in tubules if the plasmatic concentration of inulin is 200 timres higher than concentration in the blood?
    A. 80%
    B. 99%
    C. 50%
    D. 98%
    E. O.05%
    B. 99%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The highest concentration if inulin is at:
    A. End of collecting duct
    B. End of proximal tubule
    C. Bowman capsule
    D. Curvature of long Henle loops
    E. End of distal tubule
    A. End of collecting duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is the concentration of sodium in the fluid at the end of proximal tubule in normal man?
    A. 70 mmol/l
    B. 140 mmol/l
    C. 5 mmol/l
    D. 300 mmol/l
    E. 25 mmol/l
    B. 140 mmol/l
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. What is the cause of the fact that patient with plasma glucose level 13.9 has no glycosuria?
    A. Patient's diabetes mellitus is complicated with diabetes insipidus
    B. The renal blood flow is very high
    C. There is substantial decrease of glomerular filtration
    D. Patient has substantial antidiuresis
    E. Tm of glucose is very decreased
    C. There is substantial decrease of glomerular filtration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In which solutes is transport substantially determined by Tm?
    a. Glucose
    b. Urea
    c. PAH
    d. Ammonia
    d. Protein
    • a. Glucose
    • c. PAH
  13. Which solutes transport almost explicitly in proximal tubule?
    a. Glucose
    b. Aminoacids
    c. PAH
    d. Bicarbonate
    e. K+
    • a. Glucose
    • b. Aminoacids
    • c. PAH
    • d. Bicarbonate
  14. Antidiuretic hormone influences the permeability for water:
    a. In Bowman capsule
    b. In proximal tubule
    c. In the descendent limb of Henle's loop
    d. In distal tubule
    e. In collecting duct
    • d. In distal tubule
    • e. In collecting duct
  15. Which of the following isotonic solutes will produce the largest diuresis after infusion of 2 liters of solution?
    A. Na2
    B. NaCl
    C. SO4
    D. None of listed
    E. Manitol
    F. Glucose
    G. Urea
    F. Glucose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Concentrating kidney in healthy man:
    a. Is under the influence of ADH
    b. Is able to increase the urine concentration to the level of plasma concentration of solutes
    c. Is able to increase the urine concentration to the level four times higher than concentration in plasma
    d. Has osmolality gradient from cortex to papilla
    e. The osmolality is the same in all parts of nephrone and it is similar to the osmolality of urine
    • a. Is under the influence of ADH
    • c. Is able to increase the urine concentration to the level four times higher than concentration in plasma
    • d. Has osmolality gradient from cortex to papilla
  17. ADH:
    A. Is responsible for the sensation of thirst
    B. Decreases glomerular filtration rate
    C. Is produced in pituitary gland
    D. Increases the permeability in distal tubule
    E. Is released by specific releasing hormone
    D. Increases the permeability in distal tubule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which part of nephrone has iowest osmolality in antidiuresis?
    A. Bowman capsule
    B. End of loop of Henle
    C. Beginning of collecting duct
    D. End of proximal tubule
    E. End of distal tubule
    F. Beginning of distal tubule
    F. Beginning of distal tubule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Increase of excretion of NH3 ions is:
    A. Typical for alkalic urine
    B. Results from the increase of urea production in liver
    C. Typical for chronic acidosis
    D. Results from increase or uric acid excretion
    C. Typical for chronic acidosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Transport of protons:
    A. Causes that pH of urine may reach 3.5
    B. Results in the fact that pH at the end of proximal tubule is about 5
    C. If decreased the reabsorption of sodium in proximal tubule is enhanced
    D. Is necessary for bicarbonate reabsorption in tubules
    E. Proton is co-transported with K+ in proximal tubule
    D. Is necessary for bicarbonate reabsorption in tubules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. It is true that
    A. Decrease of renal blood flow decreases renin secretion
    B. Aldosteron increases secretion of K+ in urine
    C. Angiotensin II increases the vascular peripheral resistance due to capillary constriction
    D. Renin is a vasoconstrictor
    E. Renin converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II
    B. Aldosteron increases secretion of K+ in urine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview