Med Term Unit 14

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cfalgo1
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Med Term Unit 14
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2015-05-07 15:39:54
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Med term Unit 14
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Medical Terminology Unit 14 Word Part for Night Sleep Split Skeletal System and Orthopedics
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  1. skelet/o
    skeleton
  2. muscul/o
    muscles
  3. the combination of muscle and skeleton is the
    musculoskeletal system
  4. crani/o
    cranium
  5. maxill/o
    maxilla
  6. mandibul/o
    mandible
  7. cleid/o
    clavicle
  8. scapul/o
    scapula
  9. humer/o
    humerus
  10. uln/o
    ulna
  11. radi/o
    radius
  12. carp/o
    carpals
  13. phalang/o
    phalanges
  14. metacarp/o
    metacarpals
  15. patell/o
    patella
  16. tibi/o
    tibia
  17. fibul/o
    fibula
  18. tars/o
    tarsals
  19. metatars/o
    metatarsals
  20. condyl/o
    femoral condyles
  21. femor/o
    femur
  22. chondr/o
    costal cartilage
  23. cost/o
    ribs
  24. stern/o
    sternum
  25. orthopedist
    treats diseases and performs surgery on the skeletal system
  26. plural of carpus
    carpi
  27. carp/o
    wrist
  28. pertaining to the wrist
    carpal
  29. pertaining to the wrist and metacarpals
    carpometacarpal
  30. excision of all or part of the wrist
    carpoectomy
  31. bones in the hand beyond the carpals
    metacarpals
  32. bones that are located beyond the tarsals
    metatarsals
  33. meta-
    beyond
  34. tars/o
    • tarsal
    • ankle
  35. malleus
    middle ear bone
  36. phalanges
    bones of the fingers or toes
  37. singular form for the phalanges
    phalanx
  38. inflammation of the phalanges
    phalangitis
  39. excision of the phalanx
    phalangectomy
  40. acromi/o
    acromion
  41. acromion process
    projection of the scapula
  42. pertaining to the acromion
    acromial
  43. pertaining to the acromion and humerus
    acromiohumeral
  44. pertaining to the acromion and the clavicle
    acromioclavicular
  45. humer/o
    • humerus
    • bone in the upper arm
  46. radioulnar fracture
    fracture of both the radius and the ulna bones in the forearm
  47. complete fracture
    break through the width of the bone
  48. incomplete fracture
    break not through the width of the bone
  49. closed fracture
    skin is not broken
  50. open fracture
    both ends protrude through the skin
  51. pathologic fracture
    diseased area that weakens the bone
  52. closed manipulation
    movement of body part to cause bone ends to align without surgery
  53. internal fixation
    screws or nails in bone under the skin
  54. external fixation
    screws attached to an external bar
  55. two rounded processes at the medial and lateral distal ends of the femur
    femoral condyles
  56. longest bone in the body
    femur
  57. artery that supplies blood to the leg
    femoral artery
  58. tibia
    shin bone
  59. fibula
    thin long bone lateral to the tibia
  60. tibiofibular fracture
    break of both the tibia and the fibula
  61. condyle
    rounded bony process on any bone
  62. excision of a condyle
    condylectomy
  63. resembling a condyle
    condyloid
  64. upon a condyle
    epicondyle
  65. plural of calcaneus
    calcanea
  66. heel
    calcane/o
  67. calcane/o
    heel
  68. pertaining to the heel
    calcaneal
  69. pain in the heel
    • calcaneodynia
    • calcanealgia
  70. ischi/o
    ischium
  71. ili/o
    ilium
  72. pub/o
    pubis
  73. ile/o
    ileum (small intestine)
  74. ili/o
    • ilium
    • pelvic bone
  75. sacr/o
    sacrum
  76. ili/o
    ilium
  77. coccyg/o
    coccyx
  78. ischi/o
    ischium
  79. in which body system would you find the ileocecal valve
    digestive system
  80. in which body system would you find the iliac crest
    skeletal
  81. plural of ischium
    ischia
  82. pertaining to the ischium and rectum
    ischiorectal
  83. neuralgic pain in the hip
    • ischioneuralgia
    • sciatica
  84. pertaining to the ischium and pubis
    ischiopubic
  85. pertaining to the ischium
    ischial
  86. herniation through the ischium
    ischiocele
  87. plural of pubis
    pubes
  88. incision made above the pubis
    suprapubotomy
  89. pertaining to the pubis and femur
    pubofemoral
  90. stern/o
    sternum
  91. pertaining to the sternum and pericardium
    sternopericardial
  92. pertaining to the sternum and ribs
    sternocostal
  93. pertaining to the sternum
    sternal
  94. pain in the sternum
    • sternalgia
    • sternodynia
  95. sternum
    breast bone
  96. cost/o
    ribs
  97. xiph/o
    • xiphoid process
    • projection at the inferior end of the sternum
  98. pertaining to the xiphoid process and the ribs
    xiphocostal
  99. plural of ganglion
    ganglia
  100. ganglion
    collection of nerve cell bodies
  101. gangli/o
    ganglion
  102. rachi/o
    spine
  103. spondyl/o
    spine
  104. 2 combining forms for spine
    • rachi/o
    • spondyl/o
  105. two words that mean inflammation of the spine
    • rachitis
    • spondylitis
  106. spine pain
    rachialgia
  107. incision into the spine
    rachiotomy
  108. synonym for rachialgia
    rachiodynia
  109. instrument to measure spinal curvature
    rachiometer
  110. spinal paralysis
    rachioplegia
  111. fissure of the spine
    rachischisis
  112. inflammation of the spine
    rachitis
  113. -schisis
    split
  114. cervic/o
    cervical vertebrae
  115. thorac/o
    thoracic
  116. lumb/o
    lumbar
  117. sacr/o
    sacral
  118. device used to immobilize the neck
    cervical collar
  119. plural of cervix
    cervices
  120. excision of the cervix
    cervicectomy
  121. inflammation of the cervix
    cervicitis
  122. pertaining to the cervix
    cervical
  123. cervicofacial
    pertaining to the face and neck
  124. cervicobrachial
    pertaining to the arm and neck
  125. cervicothoracic
    pertaining to the neck and chest
  126. cervix of the axon
    constriction between the cell body and axon
  127. cervix dentis
    neck of the tooth
  128. cervix uteri
    neck of the uterus
  129. cervix vesicae urinariae
    neck of urinary bladder
  130. brachi/o
    arm
  131. brachial artery
    artery in the arm
  132. muscle that extends from the upper arm to the radial bone is
    brachioradialis
  133. artery of the arm
    brachial artery
  134. arm and radius muscle
    brachioradialis
  135. arm and head
    brachiocephalic
  136. joint between the sacrum and the ilium
    sacroiliac joint
  137. pertaining to the thorax and lumbar spines
    thoracolumbar
  138. pertaining to the sacrum and the sciatic nerve
    sacrosciatic
  139. removal of the coccyx
    coccygectomy
  140. adj for cervix
    cervical
  141. adj for thorax
    thoracic
  142. adj for sacrum
    sacral
  143. adj for coccyx
    coccygeal
  144. lamin/o
    • thin flat sheet plate or membrane
    • lamina
  145. laminectomy
    removal of the lamina of the vertebral posterior arch that has been ruptured
  146. myelogram
    used to diagnose disk herniation
  147. disk
    word root for intervertebral disk
  148. removal of a herniated disk
    diskectomy
  149. x-ray of the spine
    myelogram
  150. noct/i
    night
  151. nyct/o
    night
  152. noctiluca
    microscopic marine animals that make the ocean glow during night
  153. abulatory
    able to walk
  154. ambulance
    a vehicle for transporting the sick
  155. noctambulism
    walking at night
  156. sleepwalking
    noctambulism
  157. ambul/o
    walk
  158. somn/o
    sleep
  159. sleepwalking
    somnambulism
  160. nyctalgia
    pain during the night
  161. nyctalbuminuria
    presence of albumin in the urine only during the night
  162. nyctalopia
    night blindness or difficulty seeing at night
  163. two words that mean abnormal fear of night
    • nyctophobia
    • noctophobia
  164. two words that mean unusual attraction to the night
    • nyctophilia
    • noctophilia
  165. nocturia
    excessive urination during the night
  166. another word that means the same as nocturia
    nycturia
  167. two words that mean excessive urination during the night
    • nycturia
    • nocturia
  168. ankyl/o
    immovable or fixed
  169. ankylosed
    stiffened
  170. ankyloblepharon
    adhesions resulting in immovable eyelids
  171. ankylosis
    condition of immobility of the spine
  172. aden/o
    gland
  173. cardi/o
    heart
  174. cheil/o
    lips
  175. dactyl/o
    digits
  176. dent/o
    teeth
  177. derm/o
    skin
  178. gastr/o
    stomach
  179. gloss/o
    tongue
  180. onych/o
    nails
  181. ophthalm/o
    eyes
  182. ot/o
    ears
  183. phag/o
    eat
  184. pneumon/o
    lung
  185. proct/o
    anus + rectum
  186. urethr/o
    urethra
  187. ankylostoma
    lockjaw
  188. adhesions of the lips
    ankylocheilia
  189. closure of the anus and rectum
    ankyloproctia
  190. abnormal fear of ankylosis
    ankylophobia
  191. tongue tied (stiff tongue)
    ankyloglossia
  192. adhesions of fingers (immovable fingers) or toes
    ankylodactylia
  193. viscerostasis
    control an organ or what the organ produces
  194. fungistasis
    condition in which the growth of fungi is controlled or stopped
  195. cholestasis
    to control or stop the flow of bile
  196. controlling the small intestine
    enterostasis
  197. stopping the formation of pus
    pyostasis
  198. hemostasis
    controlling the flow of blood
  199. checking flow in the veins
    • phlebostasis
    • venostasis
  200. checking flow in the arteries
    arteriostasis
  201. schizo-
    split, cleft, or fissure
  202. schisto-
    split, cleft, fissure
  203. -schisis
    split, cleft, or fissure
  204. split speech
    schizophasia
  205. split nails
    schizonychia
  206. schizophrenia
    split mind
  207. split tongue condition
    schizoglossia
  208. split cell (cell with a fissure)
    schistocyte
  209. split chest (fissure)
    schistothorax
  210. palat/o
    palate
  211. cleft palate
    • palatoschisis
    • uranoschisis
  212. uran/o
    palate
  213. split spine
    rachischisis
  214. a physician specialist in bone and joint disorders
    orthopedist
  215. the bones of the hand beyond the wrist
    metacarpals
  216. excision of a toe bone
    phalangectomy
  217. pertaining to the radius and ulna
    radioulnar
  218. location upon a condyle
    epicondyle
  219. a fissure or split in the spine
    rachischisis
  220. Fx
    fracture
  221. FxBB
    fracture of both bones
  222. LB
    lumbar puncture
  223. L
    left
  224. lt
    left
  225. OREF
    open reduction external fixation
  226. ORIF
    open reduction internal fixation
  227. ORTH
    orthopedist
  228. OTR
    registered occupational therapist
  229. R
    right
  230. acromioclavicular
    joint between the collar bone and acromion process
  231. acromiohumeral
    joint between the acromion process and the humerus
  232. ankyloblepharon
    stiffened adhered eyelids
  233. ankylocheilia
    adhesion of the upper and lower lips
  234. brachial
    pertaining to the arm
  235. cholestasis
    control of bile flow
  236. condyloid
    resembling a condyle
  237. diskectomy
    excision of a herniated intervertebral disk
  238. distal
    distant away from the origin
  239. enterostasis
    control of intestinal flow
  240. ganglion
    collection of nerve cell bodies
  241. intervertebral
    between the vertebrae
  242. ischiocele
    herniation through the ischial bone
  243. ischioneuralgia
    pain in the nerves near the ischium
  244. kyphosis
    posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
  245. laminectomy
    excision of the lamina of the vertebral possterior arch
  246. lordosis
    anterior curvature of the lumbar spine
  247. medial
    toward the middle
  248. pyostasis
    control of pus formation
  249. retrolisthesis
    posterior displacement of a vertebra
  250. sacral
    pertaining to the sacrum
  251. schistoglossia
    split tongue
  252. schistosomiasis
    infestation with Schistosoma flukes
  253. schizonychia
    split finger or toe nails
  254. scoliosis
    lateral curvature of the spine
  255. xiphoid (process)
    cartilage bony projection on the distal end of the sternum

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