Respiration

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
302317
Filename:
Respiration
Updated:
2015-05-13 15:29:49
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
lungs, alveoli, epithelium, connective tissue
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    • G- Bronchiole
    • H- Alveoli
    • I- pulmonary arteriole
    • J- pulmonary small veins
    • K- capillary around alveolus
    • A Nasal Cavity
    • B Larynx
    • C Trachea
    • D Rt Primary Bronchus
    • E Rt Secondary Bronchus
    • F Rt Tertiary Bronchus

  1. ID
    Fxn
    Location
    • ID: Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium
    • Fxn: clean airways
    • Location: Trachea

  2. ID
    Fxn
    Location
    • ID: Non-keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium
    • Fxn: wet protection
    • Location: pharynx
    • mouth
    • esophagus

  3. ID 
    Fxn
    Location
    • ID: Simple Squamous Epithelium
    • Fxn: simple diffusion
    • friction free
    • Location: lungs- alveoli 
    • -pleural cavities
    • blood vessel lining- capillary
    • H Trachea
    • R Cardiac Notch
    • Q Diaphragm
    • openings: 
    • (LEFT) IVC
    • (RT) Esophagus
    • (posterior) Abdominal Aorta
    • L Superior Lobe of Rt Lung 
    • M Middle Lobe of Rt Lung
    • N Inferior Lobe of Rt Lung 
    • A Oral Cavity
    • B Hard Palette
    • C Soft Palette 
    • D Nasal Cavity
    • E Nasopharynx
    • F Oropharynx
    • G Langeopharynx
    • H Esophagus
    • I Trachea
    • diaphragm (anterior)
    • abdominal aorta (posterior)
    • A Nostrils
    • B Nasal Cavity
    • C Soft & Hard Palette
    • D Oral Cavity 
    • E Nasopharynx
    • F Oropharynx
    • G Larngeopharynx
    • H Larynx
    • I Trachea
    • J Esophagus
    • D Primary Bronchus
    • E Pulmonary Artery (blue)
    • F Pulmonary Vein (red)
    • A Rt Superior Lobe
    • B Rt Middle Lobe
    • C Rt Inferior Lobe
    • A epiglottis
    • G vocal chords
    • E trachea
  4. root of lung
    • primary bronchus
    • pulmonary artery
    • pulmonary vein
  5. pulmonary circulation
    • Right Ventricle
    • Pulmonary Trunk
    • Rt & Left Pulmonary Artery

    • muscular arteries
    • arteriole
    • capillary 
    • venule 
    • small vein

    • Pulmonary Vein
    • Left Atria
  6. segmented bronchi
    fxn
    structure
    CT
    • fxn: limit spread of infection
    • smallest surgically removable piece of lung
    • structure: 5-8 generations of bronchi
    • CT: hyaline cartilage
  7. Infection in Lungs
    • start in right lung
    • Rt Primary Bronchus
    • larger diameter
    • steep downward angle
  8. CN X Vagus Nerve
    goes through diagphragm
  9. hiatal hernia
    • tear in diaphragm
    • causes herniation of stomach 
    • due to constriction of esophageal hiatus
  10. diaphragm
    • ID: skeletal muscle
    • Fxn: Breath control
    • Location: inferior to lungs
    • superior to stomach
    • innervation: C3 C4 C5
    • Phrenic Nerve
    • CN X Vagus Nerve
  11. cardiac notch
    space for heart in Left Lung
  12. Pleural Cavities 
    ID
    Location
    • ID: visceral pleura
    • parietal pleura
    • pleural cavity 
    • pleural fluid 
    • fxn: friction free
  13. Quiet Breathing
    inspiration
    • diaphragm contracts
    • pulls down
    • pull on pleura
    • lungs expand because of elasticity
  14. Quiet Breathing
    expiration
    • diaphragm relaxes
    • lungs recoil because of elasticity
  15. Active Breathing
    expiration
    • diaphragm relaxes
    • plus: abdominal 
    • internal intercostal
    • action: pull ribs down and in
  16. Active Breathing 
    inspiration
    • diaphragm pulls down farther/faster
    • plus: scalenes
    • pectoralis minor
    • external intercostal
    • action: pull ribs up and out
  17. active breathing
    5 times more air flow in per breath
  18. Secondary Bronchi
    fxn
    • 3 lobes on Rt
    • vs.
    • 2 lobes on Left
  19. Anatomical Dead Space
    structure
    fxn
    • structure: all tubes 
    • trachea
    • bronchi
    • bronchiole
    • fxn: clean air
    • humidify air
    • warm air
    • XPORT AIR TO ALVEOLUS
  20. C Ring
    ID 
    Fxn
    • ID: plates of hyaline cartilage 
    • Fxn: keep trachea open
  21. Esophagus
    location
    fxn
    histology
    • location: posterior to trachea
    • superior to stomach
    • fxn: keep food/H20 out of lungs
    • histology: stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium
  22. Vocal Chords
    location 
    fxn
    • location: inferior to epiglottis
    • fxn: keep food/H20 out of lungs
  23. upper airways 
    histology
    all line with Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium w/ Goblet Cells and Cillia
  24. internal auditory tube
    fxn 
    fxn: equalize air pressure around ear
  25. goblet cells 
    fxn: trap particles
  26. cillia
    fxn: elevate mucus
  27. alveolus (pl. alveoli)
    ID
    fxn
    histology
    • ID: gas exchange membrane
    • fxn: friction free
    • simple diffusion
    • histology: simple squamous epithelium
    • Lamina Propia CT
  28. Alveolar Type I
    ID
    fxn
    histology
    • ID: gas diffusion
    • fxn: simple diffusion
    • histology: simple squamous epithelium
  29. Alveolar Type II
    ID
    fxn
    histology
    • ID: gas diffusion
    • fxn: make surfactant
    • histology: simple squamous epithelium
  30. surfactant
    breaks surface area tension of H20
  31. capillary
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: endothelium
    • fxn: friction free
    • simple diffusion
  32. Respiratory Membrane
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: alveolus & capillary
    • fxn: air from blood
    • CO2 out of body
    • O2 into blood
  33. Trachea
    location
    histology
    • ID: anatomical dead space
    • location: upper airway
    • pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    • hyaline cartilage
  34. macrophage 
    ID
    fxn
    location
    • ID: white blood cell
    • fxn: ingest dust
    • location: lungs
    • attached to wall of Alveolus
  35. lamina propria
    • ID: Connective Tissue
    • fxn: between simple squamous epithelium basal lamina and the basement membrane of the pulmonary endothelium 
    • location: alveolus
  36. tertiary bronchi
    fxn
    go to bronchiopulmonary
  37. primary bronchi 
    fxn
    bifurcation of trachea
  38. plates of hyaline cartilage
    bronchi
  39. smooth muscle
    bronchiloes
  40. right primary bronchus
    • shorter
    • more steep slope
    • greater diameter
    • greater risk of infection
  41. left primary bronchus
    • longer 
    • cardiac notch
    • less steep
    • smaller diamter
    • less risk of infection

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