consecutive interpretation partial exam number 2

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consecutive interpretation partial exam number 2
2015-05-08 03:01:21
consecutive interpretation partial exam number
consecutive interpretation partial exam number 2
consecutive interpretation partial exam number 2
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  1. -what to write down for note-taking
    • essence of meaning, not words
    • - only what is necessary, not the obvious-
    • --names, dates and numbers
    • transition words
    • -slash for genetive
    • -male/female/singular/plural - meaning critical
  2. when start taking notes?
    as soon as speech begins
  3. why use verticality?
    • they make it possible to
    • -organize ideas logically
    • -give correct weight to each part
    • -quickly thoroughly get across speakers argument
    • -lists
    • -noting a gap
  4. what use is a MARGIN?
    • -varying distance indicates main and subordinate elementd
    • -so can establish visible HIERARCHIES
    • -divide parts of the message, prevents unintentional merging
    • -possible to jump to other parts if asked to summarize speech
  6. OMISSION in note-taking - using reference arrow
    • -leaving a gap and reference line to something already used
    • -saves energy
    • -streamlines notes without compromising accuracy
  7. what language to take notes in???
    • -non-specific symbols
    • -no one answer
    • -possibly in or into native tongue
  8. if you are going to write words, what is essential
    abbreviation: beginning and end
  9. what type of hierarchy is essential for note-taking?


    subject + predicate + object
  10. where should TRANSITION elements be noted?
    on LEFT to stand out
  11. should PREPOSITIONS be noted?
    only when essential
  12. should COMPARITIVES and SUPERLATIVES be noted
    • when not obvious from context
    • as meaning critical
  13. if you miss part of the message, what should you do?
    • -if the advantage of asking ? outweighs disadvantages, ask the speaker
    • -put ? politely to speaker in speakers own language, and thank them
    • -ask clear, precise ?n
  14. important points for RE-EXPRESSION of message
    • - not look at notes all the time
    • -speak efficiently (2/3 to 3/4 original)
    • -make eye contact most of the time
    • -speak understandably at good pace, using intonation and pauses
  15. why shouldn't a literal-word-for-word interpretation be given?
    • -impossible due to grammar and lexis of different language
    • -different terms of cultural reference
  16. what are the essential parts of the interpreters work?
    • -understanding
    • -analysis
    • -re-expression¬†¬†

    note-taking can HELP but not necessary
  17. RISKS of investing too much in notes?
    • -too close to original speech, difficult to reformulate
    • -no attention for analysis and understanding of speech
  18. use of notes?
    • -assist memory, especially numbers, names, lists etc, free attention for analysis
    • -assist in reproduction of STRUCTURE of the speech (assists analysis)
  19. what to note
    • skeleton outline of speech
    • -links and seperations
    • -POV
    • -tenses, conditional, modal verbs
    • -numbers, dates, proper names (write PHONETICALLY
    • -lists
  20. what to do if you miss something
    leave space to indicate so a ?n can be asked of speaker later

    SUGGESTION LARGE CROSS RIGHT HAND, so can flip back easily
  21. what are the 8 broad areas of errors according to PATRIE
    • 1 - literal translations
    • 2-inadequate language proficiency (most frequent source of error - leads to literal translations)
    • 3-errors in register conservation
    • 4-distortion
    • 5-omission
    • 6-added information
    • 7-protocol, procedure and ethics
    • 8-nonconservation of paralinguistic elements
  22. what are the advantages of studying errors that occur during interpreting?
    inferences can be made about what part of the interpretation process is weak or missing.

    seems negative but v. effective
  23. some consequences of inadequate language proficiency?
    • -lack of ability to predict language patterns
    • -weakness in memory, comprehension, multitasking etc
    • -inadequate attention span in weaker language
    • -interference between languages: grammar and vocab. errors
  24. three possible reasons for DISTORTION

    and cases where most likely to occue
    • 1- deficient language skills
    • 2-memory skills
    • 3-interpreting skills

    occurs SHORT utterences, technical language, hedges, false starts, unfinished sentences
  25. When is OMISSION most likely to occur
    due to fatigue fr experienced interpreters
  26. problems with ADDITIONS and a more appropriate approach
    • removes power from speech,
    • symptomatic memory failure:

    • more appropriate:
    • keep silent - ask for clarification
  27. problem with errors of protocol, procedure and ethics
    • -not faithful to message
    • -should include profanities
    • -necessary to CORRECT ERRORS

    can ruin legal process, for ex. talking to witness when should not
  28. what is the most serious error in the three phase interpretation process

    3-reformulation (pronunciation-distortion)
    1st phase most serious
  29. native americans
    nativos de America
  30. hot and spicy food
    comida picante y condimentada
  31. chile pepper
  32. wonderful hot flavor
    delicioso sabor picante