Med Term Unit 15

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cfalgo1
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Med Term Unit 15
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2015-05-08 15:52:25
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Med Term 15
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Medical Terminology Unit 15 Ophthalmology, Endocrinology and Medical Specialties
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  1. ophthalm/o
    eye
  2. ophthalmic
    pertaining to the eye
  3. ocular
    pertaining to the eye
  4. ocular pain
    eye pain
  5. ophthalmalgia
    pain in the eye
  6. ophthalmodynia
    pain in the eye
  7. two words that mean pain in the eye
    • ophthalmodynia
    • ophthalmalgia
  8. herniation of an eye
    • ophthalmocele
    • exopthalmos
  9. prolapse of an eye
    ophthalmoptosis
  10. instrument used for measuring the eye
    ophthalmometer
  11. ocular pain
    • ophthalmalgia
    • ophthalmodynia
  12. any ocular disease
    ophthalmopathy
  13. plastic surgery of the eye
    ophthalmoplasty
  14. paralysis of the eye
    ophthalmoplegia
  15. ophthalmology
    medical specialty studying eye disease and surgery of the eye
  16. physician who practices ophthalmology
    ophthalmologist
  17. lacrim/o
    lacriminal gland
  18. dacry/o
    lacriminal gland
  19. lacriminal gland
    under eyelid
  20. blephar/o
    upper lid
  21. core/o
    pupil
  22. pupill/o
    pupil
  23. scler/o
    sclera
  24. ir/o
    iris
  25. ird/o
    iris
  26. conjunctiv/o
    conjunctiva
  27. cili/o
    eyelashes
  28. ophthalmoscopy
    examination of the interior of the eye
  29. instrument used for an examination of the eye
    ophthalmoscope
  30. process of performing an examination of the eye with a scope
    ophthalmoscopy
  31. -opia
    vision
  32. optic
    pertaining to vision
  33. opt/o
    vision
  34. ophthalmic
    pertaining to the eye
  35. one who measures visual acuity
    optometrist
  36. the cranial nerve for vision
    optic nerve
  37. the measurement of vision
    optometry
  38. special technician who assists ophthalmologists with eye exams and helps fit corrective lenses is called a certified
    ophthalmic technician
  39. cyanopia
    defect in vision that causes objects to appear blue
  40. yellow vision
    xanthopia
  41. green vision
    chloropia
  42. red vision
    erythropia
  43. myopia
    • nearsightedness
    • light rays focus in front of the retina
  44. hyperopia
    • farsightedness
    • light rays focus beyond the retina
  45. presbyopia
    loss of accommodation
  46. diplopia
    double vision
  47. diplocardia
    double heart
  48. diplogenesis
    production of double parts or double substances
  49. diplopia
    double vision
  50. ambi-
    both or both sides
  51. ambilateral
    pertaining to both sides
  52. ambidextrous
    person can work well with both hands
  53. ambiopia
    both eyes forming separate images
  54. diplobacillus
    bacillus that occurs in pairs
  55. coccus that grows in pairs
    diplococcus
  56. -opter
    visible
  57. diopter
    unit of measurement of refraction in the eye
  58. microscope
    instrument used for examining something small
  59. instrument used for examining through (looking through)
    diascope
  60. dia-
    through
  61. -tropia
    turning
  62. eyes pointing outside
    exotropia
  63. eyes pointing inward
    esotropia
  64. eyes pointing   upward
    hypertropia
  65. eyes pointing downward
    hypotropia
  66. hypertropia
    eyes pointing upward
  67. hypotropia
    eyes pointing downward
  68. esotropia
    eyes pointing inward
  69. exotropia
    eyes pointing outward
  70. strabismus
    another word fro exotropia, esotropia, hypertropia, hypotropia
  71. phoria
    to carry or bear
  72. dysphoria
    feeling of depression
  73. euphoria
    feeling of well bein
  74. phoropter
    instrument used to determine prescription strength needed for corrective lenses
  75. blepharoptosis
    prolapse of an eyelid
  76. edema
    swelling dur to fluid retention
  77. blepharedema
    swelling of the eyelid
  78. edematous
    adjectival form for swollen
  79. inflammation of the eyelid
    blepharitis
  80. incision of an eyelid
    blepharotomy
  81. cycl/o
    ciliary body and muscle
  82. corne/o
    cornea
  83. kerat/o
    cornea
  84. phac/o
    lens
  85. fove/o
    fovea centralis
  86. retin/o
    retina
  87. excision of lesions on the eyelid
    blepharectomy
  88. surgical repair of the eyelid
    blepharoplasty
  89. twitching of an eyelid
    blepharospasm
  90. prolapse of an eyelid (droopy eyelid)
    blepharoptosis
  91. suture of an eyelid
    blepharorrhapy
  92. conjunctiva
    membrane that lines the eyelids
  93. conjunctivitis
    inflammation of the conjunctiva
  94. corneal
    pertaining to the corena
  95. corneoiritis
    inflammation of the cornea and iris
  96. corneocleral
    pertaining to the cornea and the sclera
  97. protrusion of the lens
    phacocele
  98. cataracts
    are opacities that develop on the lense of the eye
  99. phacoemulsification
    • use to treat cataracts
    • lens implants
  100. condition of hardness
    sclerosis
  101. sclera
    white hard outer coat of the eye
  102. pertainig to the sclera
    scleral
  103. excision of the sclera
    sclerectomy
  104. formation of an opening into the sclera
    sclerostomy
  105. inflammation of the sclera
    scleritis
  106. inflammation of the iris
    iritis
  107. inflammation of the cornea and iris
    corneoiritis
  108. inflammation of the sclera and iris
    scleroiritis
  109. plural of iris
    irides
  110. protrusion of the iris
    iridocele
  111. pain in the iris
    iridalgia
  112. excision of part or all of the iris
    iridectomy
  113. prolapse of the iris
    iridoptosis
  114. softening of the iris
    iridomalacia
  115. rupture of the iris
    iridorrhexis
  116. two words that mean paralysis of the iris
    • iridoplegia
    • iridoparalysis
  117. pertaining to the retina
    retinal
  118. inflammation of the retina
    retinitis
  119. fixation of a detached retina
    • retinopexy
    • retinoplasty
  120. instrument used to examine the refractive error of the eye
    retinoscope
  121. process of using to retinoscope
    retinoscopy
  122. macular degeneration
    common cause of blindness in the elderly
  123. intraocular injection
    medication is injected into the eye to slow down progression
  124. glaucoma
    • disease of the eye in which the intraocular pressure is increased
    • can lead to blindness
  125. pupil out of place
    corectopia
  126. destruction of the pupil
    corelysis
  127. corectasia
    dilation of the pupil
  128. unequal pupil size
    anisocoria
  129. instrument for measuring pupil
    • coreometer
    • pupillometer
  130. measurement of the pupil
    • coreometry
    • pupillometry
  131. plastic surgery of the pupil
    coreoplasty
  132. forward bulging of the cornea
    keratectasia
  133. herniation of the cornea
    keratocele
  134. plastic operation of the cornea
    keratoplasty
  135. incision of the cornea
    keratotomy
  136. corneal rupture
    keratorrhexis
  137. inflammation of cornea and sclera
    keratoscleritis
  138. ciliary body
    encircles the inside of the iris with muscle fibers that look like hairs
  139. paralysis of the ciliary body
    cycloplegia
  140. paralysis of the ciliary body (adj)
    cycloplegic
  141. ciliary body and cornea inflammation
    cyclokeratitis
  142. lacrimal
    pertaining to tears
  143. lacrimation
    tearing
  144. gland that secretes tears
    lacrimal gland
  145. sac that collects lacrimal fluid
    lacrimal sac
  146. lacrimal fluid is drained into the nasal cavity by means of the
    nasolacrimal duct
  147. dacryorrhea
    excessive lacrimation
  148. dacry/o
    tear
  149. flow of tears
    • dacryorrhea
    • lacrimation
  150. dacryocystitis
    tear sac inflammation
  151. dacryoadenalgia
    tear gland pain
  152. dacryoma
    tumor of the tear duct or gland
  153. dacryopyorrhea
    discharge of pus from tear gland
  154. dacryocystocele
    herniation of the tear sac
  155. dacryolith
    stone in the tear sac
  156. dacryorrhea
    excessive flow of tears
  157. dacryocystoptosis
    prolapse of the tear sac
  158. dacryocystotome
    instrument for cutting the tear sac
  159. onych/o
    nails
  160. resembling a fingernail or toenail
    onychoid
  161. tumor of the nail
    onychoma
  162. any nail condition
    onychosis
  163. softening of the nails
    onychomalacia
  164. fungus infection of the nails
    onychomycosis
  165. nail biting
    onychphagia
  166. onychocriptosis
    • hidden nail
    • ingrown nail
  167. paronychia
    condition of infection in the tissues around the nail
  168. cuticle around the nail is infected
    paronychia
  169. trich/o
    hair
  170. trichogenous
    substance the promotes hairgrowth
  171. lithiasis
    formation of calculi
  172. trichiasis
    formation of hair
  173. hairy tongue
    trichoglossia
  174. resembling hair
    trichoid
  175. abnormal fear of hair
    trichophobia
  176. any hair disease
    trichopathy
  177. alopecia
    condition of baldness
  178. phagia
    condition of eating or swallowing
  179. phagocyte
    cell that eats microorganisms
  180. phagocytosis
    the process of cells eating microorganisms
  181. a cell that eats cells
    phagocyte
  182. cytophagy
    the ingestion of cells by phagocytes or phagocytosis
  183. stopping or controling cells
    cytostatsis
  184. examination of cells
    cytoscopy
  185. macrophage
    large phagocyte
  186. microphage
    small phagocyte
  187. nail biting
    onychophagia
  188. hair swallowing
    trichophagy
  189. air swallowing
    aerophagy
  190. nail biting or eating
    onychophagy
  191. endocrine
    secrete inside
  192. hormones are secreted from the
    endocrine glands
  193. medical specialty studying the endocrine system
    endocrinology
  194. specialist in the study of the endocrine system
    endocrinologist
  195. thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  196. thyr/o
    thyroid gland
  197. thym/o
    thymus gland
  198. adren/o
    adrenal gland
  199. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  200. oophor/o
    ovary
  201. testic/o
    testis
  202. orchid/o
    testis
  203. orchi/o
    testis
  204. adrenocorticoid
    hormone produced in the cortex of the adrenal gland
  205. thyroxine
    hormone produced in the thyroid gland
  206. thyroxin
    hormone produced in the thyroid gland
  207. testosterone
    hormone produced in the testes
  208. hyperthyroidism
    overactive thyroid gland
  209. underactive thyroid condition
    hypothyroidism
  210. any disease condition of the adrenal glands
    adrenopathy
  211. enlargement of the adrenal glands
    adrenomegaly
  212. destruction of the adrenal tissue
    adrenolysis
  213. suprarenal glands
    another name for adrenal glands
  214. suprarenal
    above the kidney
  215. epinephrine
    • hormone produced upon the kidney
    • by the adrenal glands
  216. norepinephrine
    neurotransmitter hormone that stimulates autonomic nervous system response
  217. estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone are
    steroid hormones
  218. sexual dysfunction or lack of libido in a male may be due to a low
    testosterone
  219. infertility in a female may be due to a low
    estrogen
  220. nonsteroidal hormone that allows glucose to enter the cell is
    insulin
  221. high blood sugar
    hypoglycemia
  222. -emia
    condition of the blood or in the blood
  223. ischemia
    condition in which blood flow is interrupted
  224. blood cancer
    leukemia
  225. transient ischemic attack
    temporary interruption of flow usually occurring in the brain
  226. reduction in red blood cells
    anemia
  227. too much blood
    hyperemia
  228. urin constituents in the blood
    uremia
  229. blood in urine
    hematuria
  230. urine constituents in the blood
    uremia
  231. trauma
    wound or injury
  232. traumatology
    study of wound care
  233. traumat/o
    trauma
  234. study of caring for wounds
    traumatology
  235. pertaining to wounds or woundedness
    traumatic
  236. adrenergic
    activated by epinephrine
  237. adrenocorticoid
    hormone manufactured in the adrenal cortex
  238. ambiopia
    separate images from each eye
  239. alopecia
    baldness
  240. ambivalence
    unable to decide wavering on both sides
  241. blepharedema
    swelling of the eyelid
  242. caataract
    opacity on the lens
  243. contusion
    bruise
  244. corectasia
    dilation of the pupil
  245. coreometer
    instrument used to measure pupil size
  246. cyclokeratitis
    inflammation of the ciliary body and the cornea
  247. dacryocystotome
    instrument for incision of a tear sac
  248. dacryopyorrhea
    discharge of pus from the tear gland
  249. degeneration
    breakdown due to aging
  250. diascope
    glass plate used to look through to examine the skin
  251. esotropia
    • condition in which the eyes point inward
    • cross eyed
  252. evulsion
    a tearing away
  253. glaucoma
    condition in which the intraocular aqueous humor pressure is high
  254. hormones
    substances secreted by endocrine glands that affect body processses
  255. hypertropia
    condition in which the eyes point upward
  256. hyperthyroidism
    overactive thyroid condition
  257. insulin
    pancreatic protein hormone
  258. keratectasia
    protrusion of a thin scarred cornea
  259. laceration
    a cut
  260. macular
    pertaining to the macula of the eye
  261. onychocryptosis
    ingrown nail
  262. ophthalmoplegia
    ocular muscle paralysis
  263. phacocele
    protrusion of the lens of the eye
  264. phacoemulsification
    procedure to disintegrate the lens for insertion of lens implant
  265. photometer
    instrument used to measure ocular muscle movement
  266. presbyopia
    old eye, loss of accommodation
  267. retinopexy
    fixation of a detached retina
  268. sclerostormy
    make an opening in the sclera
  269. steroid
    lipid bioregulator hormone
  270. strabismus
    malposition of the eye
  271. trichoglossia
    condition of hair growth on the tongue

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