pharmacology chapter1 2010-2011

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pharmacology chapter1 2010-2011
2010-08-18 20:26:08

pharmacology chapter 1 10-11
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  1. study of drugs
  2. chemical substance that affects the biological system
  3. powerful drug-used for autoimmune disease or cancer-methotrexate
  4. single most important emergency drug
  5. the official name of a drug...not capitalized
    generic name
  6. patent protected for 15 years...capitalized
    trade name
  7. should include the name of the company that manufactured it
    brand name
  8. decisions that surround performing the competency rely on a body of information
    foundation knowledge
  9. ways that pharmacology is important to the dental professional
    • obtaining a health history
    • administering drugs in the office
    • handling emergency situations
    • planning appointments
    • nonpresciption medication
    • discussing drugs
    • life-long learning
  10. true/false: each dental office should have at least 1 reference book that list the names of both rx drugs and otc drugs
  11. when a drug is discovered it is given a _____ name.
  12. once approved by the FDA - it is given a ____name and a ____name.
    • generic
    • trade/brand name
  13. name given by the company
    eg: tylenol
    trade/brand name
  14. example of a generic drug name
  15. example of a brand name
  16. trade name have a ___yr patent
    20 and can be extended
  17. generic names have a ___yr patent
    17 can not be extended
  18. true/false: when a drug is under a patent, it is manufactured under its trade/brand name
  19. true/false: once a drug patent has expired it may be marketed under the brand name only
    false: it may be marketed under the trade or generic name
  20. can other companies market the drug under their own generic name?
    no-they must use the same generic name given, but may market under any trade name
  21. 1st law to regulate the use of drugs(opium, opiates, cocaine)
    harrison narcotic act of 1914
  22. when were marijuana laws added to the harrison narcotic act of 1914
  23. approves Rx drugs for sale in the unites states-only medical drugs not street drugs
    FDA-food and drug administration
  24. true/false: a drug must be proven safe and effective before FDA approval is granted
  25. administers the controlled substance act of 1970
    DEA-drug enforcement adimistration
  26. regulates the manufacturing and distribution of drugs that may be abused-Rx or street drugs
  27. mandates pharmacies to councel Medicaid patients on drug utilization--only covers medicaid pt. but pharm. utillize it on each customer.
    omnibus budget reconciliation act of 1990 (OBRA of 1990
  28. small, then increased doses are given to healthy adults-
    primarily to determine safety
    phase 1
  29. this phase determines the biological effects metabolism safe dose range and toxic effects of a new drug
    phase 1
  30. more humans are given drug and adverse reactions are reported to the FDA
    phase 2
  31. this phase test the effectiveness of a drug
    phase 2
  32. more clinical evaluation - using large number of pt who have condition that drug is manufactured for
    phase 3
  33. this phase test for safety, efficacy, and dosage
    phase 3
  34. post market surveillance
    phase 4
  35. test for any toxicity that occurs once drug is on the market
    phase 4
  36. 1st law to regulate food and drugs-states that it must be pure if it is to be sold
    the food and drug act of 1906
  37. this law first gave the federal gov authority over the sale of narcotics and required regulation of all practioners that prescribe them
    harrison narcotic act of 1914
  38. replaced the harrison act of 1914-sets current requirements for writing Rx for drugs that are given in a dental office
    controlled substance act of 1970
  39. 5 schedules of drugs
    • schedule I = street drugs
    • schedule II = power pain killers
    • schedule III = codiene
    • schedule IV = nerve pills
    • schedule V = cough syrup with codiene