Ethics Final 1-50

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ndarlenebeck
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302442
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Ethics Final 1-50
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2015-05-09 13:47:03
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EthicsFinal1-50
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  1. Which of the following best describes ethics?
    A) it is a form of the "golden rule"
    B) a body of beliefs about right and wrong handed down from one generation to the next
    C) behavior that is agreed upon to be moral by the majority
    D) a branch of philosophy that uses reason to support positions
    D) a branch of philosophy that uses reason to support positions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Metaethics is largely about studying:
    A) the meaning of ethical language
    B) those things which are beyond normal ethics
    C) historical literature about ethics
    D) which ethical decisions are practical
    A) the meaning of ethical language
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The phrase that describes the middle point between excess and deficiency is the:
    A) virtuous center
    B) excess/deficiency line
    C) lesser of two evils
    D) moral virtue
    D) moral virtue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is not a reason given for developing our natural moral reasoning skills?
    A) we should be able to critically evaluate our won beliefs
    B) as we develop our skills we will be able to win more ethical arguments
    C) people of all perspectives should be able to hold meaningful dialogue with each other
    D) the diversity of the community necessitates values built of reason
    B) as we develop our skills we will be able to win more ethical arguments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. An ethical theory:
    A) provides norms for judging acts to be right or wrong while withholding justification for the norms
    B) provides norms for judging acts to be right or wrong and attempts to give a justification for these norms
    C) reserves judgment of acts as right or wrong
    D) cannot be used to justify a normative act
    B) provides norms for judging acts to be right or wrong and attempts to give a justification for these norms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Ethics requires skillful reasoning. Which of the following is not important to making a good argument?
    A) the conclusion follows from the premises
    B) the argument has internal logic
    C) the structure of the argument
    D) the argument leads to the right conclusion
    D) the argument leads to the right conclusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Another name for a good argument is:
    A) a winning argument
    B) a correct argument
    C) a sound argument
    D) a fair argument
    C) a sound argument
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. People's liberty may be restricted to prevent them from doing harmful things to themselves. This statement is a definition of:
    A) the offense principle
    B) legal paternalism
    C) natural law theory
    D) the harm principle
    B) legal paternalism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. This writer was considered to be one of the most intelligent men of his time. He is generally held to be one of the most profound and effective spokesmen for the utilitarian view. He was also a strong supporter of personal liberty while strongly criticizing society for its treatment of women. His name was:
    A) James Mill
    B) Jeremy Bentham
    C) Immanuel Kant
    D) John Stuart Mill
    D) John Stuart Mill
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Euthyphro is about:
    A) relationship of humans to the gods
    B) the question of capital punishment
    C) how gods are wiser than humans
    D) the nature of goodness
    D) the nature of goodness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Ethical relativism holds that:
    A) all actions are equally moral
    B) right and wrong are not really knowable
    C) there is no objective right and wrong
    D) some actions are more right than others
    C) there is no objective right and wrong
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which is not a reason for supporting ethical relativism?
    A) diversity of moral views
    B) moral uncertainty
    C) situational differences
    D) socialĀ  cohesion
    D) social cohesion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. According to Hume, principles of morality are:
    A) the will of god
    B) derived from the nature of reason itself
    C) based on what a person feels like doing in any given situation
    D) not derived from reason, but from moral sentiments
    D) not derived from reason, but from moral sentiments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which liberty limiting principle is generally accepted as a valid autonomy limiting principle?
    A) the harm principle
    B) the offense principle
    C) the principle of paternalism
    D) the principle of legal moralism
    A) the harm principle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. According to Aristotle there are two basic types of virtues:
    A) intellectual and theoretical
    B) moral and practical
    C) theoretical and practical
    D) intellectual and moral
    D) intellectual and moral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following is not an example of ethical egoism?
    A) we should work hard because doing so is a good model for our children
    B) we should treat others well so they will treat others well
    C) we should work hard because a "job well done is its own reward"
    D) we should treat others well because we want to be treated well in return
    B) we should treat others well so they will treat others well
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The Ring of Gyges can best be described as which of the following?
    A) a ring that can make the wearer invisible
    B) a geological formation in ancient Greece
    C) a ring of inheritance indicating royalty
    D) a ring that represents a committed romance
    A) a ring that can make the wearer invisible
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What does Glaucon want to demonstrate by giving two people rings?
    A) the people are children of the king
    B) people can be trusted with great power
    C) the people have deep bond with each other
    D) even "good" people will do evil if they can act without consequence
    D) even "good" people will do evil if they can act without consequence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The utilitarian would consider abortion to be:
    A) a function of a cost-benefit plan
    B) immoral because the act of creating was an extension of a god-given ability
    C) "wrong" because it destroys life
    D) "right" because it appears to render an outcome that benefits a lot of people
    D) "right" because it appears to render an outcome that benefits a lot of people
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following was not one of the founders of utilitarianism?
    A) John Stuart Mill
    B) James Mill
    C) Rene Descartes
    D) Jeremy Bentham
    C) Rene Descartes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. According to utilitarianism which of the following is an intrinsic good?
    A) pleasure
    B) justice
    C) power
    D) love
    A) pleasure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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