The American Revolution

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The American Revolution
2015-05-10 19:59:19
American Revolution ASLS

ASLS Chapter 13 American Revolution
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  1. The overthrow of one government and it's replacement with another.
  2. An overall plan for winning a war, such as how and where to use an arm or navy.
  3. A person who performs a service for free
  4. To agree to serve in an army or a navy.
  5. A soldier hired to fight for a foreign army.
  6. A planned action, such as a way of moving or using troops aimed at reaching a certain goal.
  7. An advent that leads to a dramatic change.
    turning point
  8. A formal agreement between two or more nations.
  9. Areas away from the fighting in a country at war.
    home front
  10. Which battle was the turning point in the war that convinced the French to send troops and supplies to help the Patriots?
    Saratoga -  because the colonists had defeated British troops.  France now sent troops and ships to help the colonists.
  11. Who fought in the Continental Army?
    Colonies had their own militias.  They were made up of part time soldiers and volunteers.  Most of the volunteers were poor farmers and merchants and workers.
  12. What three problems did the Continental army and navy face?
    • Army - Congress had little money to pay the soldiers or buy supplies.  Which meant the volunteers were poorly supplied with uniforms and guns.  The men also knew very little about being a soldier
    • Navy - The navy was small and made up of trade and fishing ships that carried little cannons.  The navy had little experience and were weak compared to the powerful British army.
  13. What motivated the solders in the Continental army to win the war?
    They believed that they were defending the rights described in the Declaration of Independence.  They were fight to make a better future for themselves and their families.  Many thought that these were goals worth dying for.
  14. What was the turning point in the war?
    The turning point was the Battle of Saratoga because the colonists had defeated the British troops.  About 2000 Continental Soldiers attacked the 9000 British troops that crossed the border of Canada and defeated the British.  British General John Burgoyne surrendered to American General Horatio Gates.
  15. In what ways did the allies help the Patriots?
    In 1776 Congress sent Benjamin Franklin to Paris, France to seek help.  France agreed to supply army and to loan money to Congress.  Some European Soldiers even joined the Patriot cause.
  16. What were some of the disadvantages the British had in fighting this war?
    • They were so far from home, Supplies, military orders and soldiers had to travel 3,000 miles by sea and it could take 3 months to travel across the Atlantic Ocean.  
    • They did not know the land they were fighting on and had little food.
  17. How did women who were Patriots play a role in helping to win this war?  Give examples
    They planted and harvested crops and did their best to take care of their children.  Some served as spies, the nursed the sick and wounded.  Led efforts to raise money and made clothing for their troops.  They helped win public support of the war.    In a few cases, they took part in combat and even dressed as a man to fight battles - like Deborah Sampson.
  18. What did the British agree to in the Treaty of Pairs of 1783?
    Great Britain agreed to recognize the United States of America as an independent nation.  Great Britain also gave the new country a huge amount of land.  This included all the territory that was east of the Mississippi, south of Canada and the Great Lakes and North of Florida.  This area included land that British had promised to American Indians.   The United States promised to restore the rights and property of Loyalists.  But many of the nation's citizens did not keep this part of the agreement.   This causes thousands of Loyalists to file to Great Britain, Canada and other places.  Many African Americans who had fought for the British also escaped to other countries.
  19. How did the war affect African Americans?
    African American - The British offered freedom to African American slaves who joined their side - tens of thousands of slaves took this offer. They fought in battle, served as spies and performed many jobs in an army camps - and many won their freedom.  Running away could be risky because the British turned away slaves.  Many of them starved or died from disease, other were caught and returned to their owners.
  20. How were the Native Americans affected by the war?
    Many tribes joined and fought with the British, and some fought with the Continental Army.  Others tried to stay out of the war hoping the two sides would weaken each other.  Both sides often raided American Indian villages and tool food supplies.  By the war's end, many tribes were struggling to survive
  21. List three groups who lived in the colonies but did not fight AGAINST the British?
    Indians, Slaves and Loyalists.
  22. Describe the strategies that the British Army would use to win the war.
    The British fought an offensive war and attached the Continental Army.  Their aim was to control key cities and the countryside.  They tried to use their better trained troops to openly engage Washington's troops in battle.
  23. Describe the strategies that the Continental Army would use.
    The Continental Army fought a defensive war, their goal was to protect themselves from attacks from the British.    The Cont army used tactics not common at the time.  They made surprise attacks on small groups of British and then retreated.  Sharpshooters hid in the woods and shot British Soldiers one by one.