Kidneys

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
302502
Filename:
Kidneys
Updated:
2015-05-15 01:27:32
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
kidneys, urinary, and renal
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    • ID: transitional epithelium
    • fxn: stretch w/ protection
    • location: bladder
    • ureter
    • ID: simple cuboidal epithelium
    • fxn: specific Xport 
    • location: proximal convoluted tubules
    • ID: simple squamous epithelium
    • fxn: friction free
    • simple diffusion
    • location: Bowman's Capsule
  1. Fenestration
    ID
    fxn
    cells
    location
    • ID: window
    • fxn: filter 20% of plasma
    • cells: podoctyes
    • location: glomerulus capilllary
    • visceral Bowman's capsule
    • C. minor calyx
    • D. major calyx
    • E. renal pelvis
    • F. ureter
    • A. cortex
    • B. medullary pyramid
  2. nephron
    • G. Glomerulus
    • H. Bowman's Capsule
    • I. PCT
    • J. loop of Henle
    • K. DCT
    • L. collecting duct
    • A. kidney 
    • B. ureter
    • E. renal artery
    • F. renal vein
    • G. adrenal cortex
    • B. ureter
    • C. bladder
    • J. gonadal artery & vein
    • C. bladder
    • D. urethra
    • J. gonadal vein & artery
    • A. glomerulus capillary
    • E. PCT
    • F. loop of Henle
    • G. DCT
    • H. collecting duct
    • I. peritubular capilarry
    • G. glomerular capillaries
    • M. afferent arteriole 
    • w/ juxtaglomerular apparatus
    • N. glomerulus
    • P. efferent arteriole
    • O1. visceral Bowman's Capsule
    • O2. parietal Bowman's Capsule
  3. kidney
  4. A. cortex
    • A. cortex 
    • B. medullary column
    • C. medullary pyramid
    • D. minor calyx
    • E. major calyx
    • B. medullary column
    • C. medullary pyramid
    • D. minor calyx 
    • E. major calyx
    • F. renal pelvis
  5. adrenal gland
    • urinary system
    • endocrine gland
    • sits on top of kinday
  6. male urethra
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: 20 cm
    • 3 parts
    • fxn: urinary & reproductive
  7. female urethra
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: 4 cm
    • 1 part
    • fxn: only urinary
  8. bladder
    special feature
    • ID: rugae
    • folds of smooth muscle
    • fxn: increase surface area
  9. ureter
    fxn
    location
    tissue
    • fxn: transports urine
    • location: retroperitoneal 
    • tissue: adventitia
  10. medulla
    structure
    • structure: medullary pyramid
    • medullary column
  11. medullary pyramid
    infrastructure
    • structure: loop of Henle
    • collecting ducts
  12. medullary column
    infrastructure
    structure: blood vessels
  13. Bowman's Capsule
    loction
    tissue
    • structure: retroperitoneal 
    • location: adventitia
    • simple squamous epithelium
  14. cortex
    infrastructure
    • structure: glomerulus
    • Bowman's Capsule
    • PCT
    • DCT
    • collecting duct
  15. calyces
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: major & minor
    • fxn: collect urine
  16. renal pelvis
    ID
    fxn
    • ID: floor of calyces
    • fxn: collects urine
  17. kidney
    structure
    • cortex (nephron)
    • medulla
    • plus urinary system
  18. nephron
    ID
    fxn
    special feature
    location
    • ID: functional unit of kidney
    • fxn: filter blood @ glomerulus capillary
    • special feature: fenestrations 
    • location: cortex
  19. parietal Bowman's Capsule
    ID
    fxn
    tissue
    • ID: lining
    • fxn: friction free
    • simple diffusion
    • tissue: simple squamous epithelium
  20. visceral Bowman's Capsule
    ID
    fxn
    cells
    • ID: footed cells
    • fenestrations
    • fxn: friction free
    • space
    • cells: podocytes
  21. podocytes
    ID
    fxn
    location
    • ID: footed cells
    • fxn: form fenestrations for H20
    • location: visceral Bowman's capsule
  22. Fenestrated glomerulus capillary 
    fxn
    • fxn: filter into nephron
    • for reabsorption
    • into peritubular capillary
  23. filtrates @ glomerulus capillary
    • filtered: water
    • salt
    • sugar
    • steroid hormones
    • metabolites

    • not filtered: proteins
    • blood cells
  24. nephron reabsorption
    • glucose
    • 98-99% water, salt
  25. nephron secretion
    • metabolites
    • H+
    • from blood into nephron
  26. proximal convoluted tubule
    ID
    fxn

    location
    tissue
    • ID: reabsorption of filtrates
    • secretion of metabolites
    • fxn: specific Xport 
    • location: tubule lumen
    • peritubular capillary
    • tissue: simple cuboidal epthelium
  27. PCT
    filtrates
    • reabsorb: H20
    • NaCl
    • glucose
    • plus K+, Ca++
    • nutrients
    • waste: H+
  28. filtrate
    waste
  29. PCT
    reabsorption
    • 100% sugar, nutrients
    • 80-85% water, salt
  30. PCT
    fxn
    fxn: reabsorb
  31. loop of Henle
    infrastructure
    • descending limb of loop of Henle
    • ascending limb of loop of Henle
  32. descending limb of loop of Henle
    H20 only
  33. ascending limb of loop of Henle
    • active Xport
    • water tight
  34. active Xport @ ascending limb
    of loop of Henle
    • Na+
    • K+
    • 2Cl-
  35. DCT
    fxn
    • fxn: hormone control
    • regulate Na+ 
  36. distal convoluted tubule
    filtrates
    • reabsorb: Na+
    • waste: metabolites
    • K+
    • H+
  37. collecting duct
    fxn
    • fxn: hormone control 
    • regulate H20 channels

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