AP Language Terms

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AP Language Terms
2015-05-11 01:53:47
english smith

Learn these terms for the AP exam!!!
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  1. a story in which a second meaning is to be read beneath the surface
  2. the repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem
  3. a reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of an idea
  4. a comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things
  5. a passage that points out several similarities between two unlike things
    extended analogy
  6. an abstract or ideal conception of a type
  7. a perfectly typical example
  8. an original model or form
  9. the repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry
  10. a witty or ingenious thought
  11. a diverting or highly fanciful idea, often stated in figurative language
  12. the suggested or implied meaning of a word or phase
  13. the repetition of two or more consonant sounds in a group of words or a unit of speech or writing
  14. a method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions, and theorems are drawn from general principles
    deductive reasoning
  15. the dictionary definition of a word
  16. the choice of words in oral and written discourse
  17. a speaker's or author's authority to express opinions on a subject
  18. a mild or less negative usage for a harsh or blunt term
  19. a series of comparisons between two unlike objects
    extended metaphor
  20. a structure that provides a premise or setting for a narrative or other discourse
  21. a term used to describe literary forms
  22. overstatement
  23. gross exaggeration for rhetorical effort
  24. a method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization
    inductive reasoning
  25. a sentence that follows the customary word order of English sentences. The main idea of the sentence is presented first and is then followed by one or more subordinate clauses.
    loose sentence
  26. a figure of speech that compares unlike objects
  27. when characteristics of the same objects are compared
    extended metaphor
  28. a metaphor referring to a particular person, place, or thing
    metaphorical allusion
  29. a statement or idea that fails to follow logically from the one before
    non sequiter
  30. the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
  31. a term consisting of contradictory elements juxtaposed to create a paradoxical effect
  32. a statement that seems self-contradictory but is nevertheless true
  33. the structure required for expressing two or more grammatical elements of equal rank
    parallel structure
  34. a sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end. The particulars in the sentence are presented before the idea they support.
    periodic sentence
  35. the role or facade that a character assumes or depicts to a reader or other audience
  36. a figure of speech in which objects and animals are given human characteristics
  37. the relation in which a narrator or speaker stands to a subject of discourse
    point of view

    a matter discussed in the first person has an internal point of view, and an observer uses an external point of view
  38. a general term that identifies discourse according to its chief purpose
    rhetorical mode

    modes include exposition (to explain, analyze, or discuss an idea), argumentation (to prove a point or to persuade), description (to recreate or present with details), and narration (to relate an anecdote or story)
  39. a figurative comparison using the words like or as
  40. a style of writing in which the author tries to reproduce the random flow of thoughts in the human mind
    stream of consciousness
  41. the manner in which an author uses and arranges words, shapes ideas, forms sentences, and creates a structure to convey ideas
  42. a general term referring to diction, syntax, tone, figurative language, and all other elements that contribute to the "style" or manner of a given piece of discourse
    stylistic devices
  43. the organization of language into meaningful structure
  44. a restrained statement that departs from what could be said
  45. a studied avoidance of emphasis or exaggeration, often to create a particular effect
  46. the real or assumed personality used by a writer or speaker

    In grammar, active voice and passive voice refer to the use of verbs. A verb is in the active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject. A verb is in the passive voice when it expresses an action performed upon its subject or when the subject is the result of the action. Stylistically, the action voice leads to more economical and vigorous writing.