AP Language Terms

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ashleycortes
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302530
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AP Language Terms
Updated:
2015-05-11 01:53:47
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english smith
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Learn these terms for the AP exam!!!
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  1. a story in which a second meaning is to be read beneath the surface
    allegory
  2. the repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines in a poem
    alliteration
  3. a reference to a person, place, or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of an idea
    allusion
  4. a comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things
    analogy
  5. a passage that points out several similarities between two unlike things
    extended analogy
  6. an abstract or ideal conception of a type
    archetype
  7. a perfectly typical example
    archetype
  8. an original model or form
    archetype
  9. the repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words in prose or poetry
    assonance
  10. a witty or ingenious thought
    conceit
  11. a diverting or highly fanciful idea, often stated in figurative language
    conceit
  12. the suggested or implied meaning of a word or phase
    connotation
  13. the repetition of two or more consonant sounds in a group of words or a unit of speech or writing
    consonance
  14. a method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusions, and theorems are drawn from general principles
    deductive reasoning
  15. the dictionary definition of a word
    denotation
  16. the choice of words in oral and written discourse
    diction
  17. a speaker's or author's authority to express opinions on a subject
    ethos
  18. a mild or less negative usage for a harsh or blunt term
    euphemism
  19. a series of comparisons between two unlike objects
    extended metaphor
  20. a structure that provides a premise or setting for a narrative or other discourse
    frame
  21. a term used to describe literary forms
    genre
  22. overstatement
    hyperbole
  23. gross exaggeration for rhetorical effort
    hyperbole
  24. a method of reasoning in which a number of specific facts or examples are used to make a generalization
    inductive reasoning
  25. a sentence that follows the customary word order of English sentences. The main idea of the sentence is presented first and is then followed by one or more subordinate clauses.
    loose sentence
  26. a figure of speech that compares unlike objects
    metaphor
  27. when characteristics of the same objects are compared
    extended metaphor
  28. a metaphor referring to a particular person, place, or thing
    metaphorical allusion
  29. a statement or idea that fails to follow logically from the one before
    non sequiter
  30. the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
    onomatopoeia
  31. a term consisting of contradictory elements juxtaposed to create a paradoxical effect
    oxymoron
  32. a statement that seems self-contradictory but is nevertheless true
    paradox
  33. the structure required for expressing two or more grammatical elements of equal rank
    parallel structure
  34. a sentence that departs from the usual word order of English sentences by expressing its main thought only at the end. The particulars in the sentence are presented before the idea they support.
    periodic sentence
  35. the role or facade that a character assumes or depicts to a reader or other audience
    persona
  36. a figure of speech in which objects and animals are given human characteristics
    personification
  37. the relation in which a narrator or speaker stands to a subject of discourse
    point of view

    a matter discussed in the first person has an internal point of view, and an observer uses an external point of view
  38. a general term that identifies discourse according to its chief purpose
    rhetorical mode

    modes include exposition (to explain, analyze, or discuss an idea), argumentation (to prove a point or to persuade), description (to recreate or present with details), and narration (to relate an anecdote or story)
  39. a figurative comparison using the words like or as
    simile
  40. a style of writing in which the author tries to reproduce the random flow of thoughts in the human mind
    stream of consciousness
  41. the manner in which an author uses and arranges words, shapes ideas, forms sentences, and creates a structure to convey ideas
    style
  42. a general term referring to diction, syntax, tone, figurative language, and all other elements that contribute to the "style" or manner of a given piece of discourse
    stylistic devices
  43. the organization of language into meaningful structure
    syntax
  44. a restrained statement that departs from what could be said
    understatement
  45. a studied avoidance of emphasis or exaggeration, often to create a particular effect
    understatement
  46. the real or assumed personality used by a writer or speaker
    voice

    In grammar, active voice and passive voice refer to the use of verbs. A verb is in the active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject. A verb is in the passive voice when it expresses an action performed upon its subject or when the subject is the result of the action. Stylistically, the action voice leads to more economical and vigorous writing.

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