(plain/original)SDRAM (Hint: S=Six or Seven) Synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM). synchronous, because it waits for a clock signal before responding and is therefore synchronized with the computer's system bus.
How many pins in DDR SODIMM?
200. (Hint: D=dos=2 in Spanish).
DDR2 SDRAM and DDR3 SDRAM has how many pins?
240. (Hint: DDR2 & DDR3 are the fastest, latest, biggest. So...the most pins.)
RDRAM for desktop PCs has how many pins?
184 pins (Hint: RDRAM is sooo 80's. not really from the 80's, but old.)
SO-DIMMs have how many pins?
200. (Hint: O=0)
(plain/original) SDRAM has how many pins?
168 (Hint: S=six)
RDRAM (Rambus DRAM) memory ranges from 400 Mhz to as high as?
DDR3 SDRAM comes in what speeds? PC6400...
DDR2 comes in what speeds? PC...
If you mix RAM, your PC will run at the speed of the FASTEST or SLOWEST RAM?
"Wake on XXXXX" does what?
allows you to wake PC up a PC from Sleep Mode without hitting the power button. For example, by using the mouse, keyboard, etc.
What is the difference between SIGVERIF.EXE and Driver Verifier Manager?
sigverif.exe VERIFies which drivers are digitally SIGned by Microsoft. Driver Verifier Manager diagnoses drivers causing problems like BSOD, hanging.
You've installed an expansion card or updated a driver, but are getting the BSOD. What would be the logical tool to use?
Driver Verifer Manager.
How do you launch Driver Verifier Manager?
If a PC's case is opened, a ________ is noted in a "BIOS event log."
A power supply unit (PSU) can also be called Switching _____Power Supply
mode (AC mode to DC mode)
A newer PSU comes with ___-wire P1, aka ATX cable, with an backward-compatible converter for older ____-wire sockets.
PSU's wattage are rated at their _____ output.
After a lightning storm, your PC won't turn on. What is a good PC component to check?
PSU (power supply unit). Surge protectors cannot protect from lightning and the PSU will sacrifice itself for the PC.
Where is the 115-230v switch on a typical desktop?
On the PSU (power supply unit) itself. Laptops typically automate that in the power converter.
What type of PATA cables improve airflow?
Each SCSI device AND the host SCSI adapter ALL get a unique ID. T/F.
SCSI Terminators must be used at the end of each chain of SCSI devices. T/F.
T. (to include the SCSI Control card on the mboard, if applicable.)
Bob added a new device to his SCSI chain, but cannot see it. Why?
Bob forgot to turn SCSI terminator off on the device previously at the end of the chain.
Bob added a new device to his SCSI chain. Now he can't see any of his SCSI devices. Why?
He forgot to turn the terminator ON on the new device.
What is the throughput speed of SATA and SATA2?
1.5Gbps 3Gbps (Hint: 2x1.5=3; SATA is serial, so b vs. B.)
Manually configuring drive settings in BIOS was replaced by what?
Drive thrashing is a symptom of?
Low virtual memory.
If a SATA controller card is not recognized by Windows during install, press ___ during install to load drivers.
Convert ____ to NTFS at the command prompt, type "convert C:/fs:ntfs."
If a removable media/drive cause the PC to crash, remove device, and reboot into _____.
Last known Good (to recover and research the problem.)
The fastest SINGLE laser CD-ROM read speed is___x.
52. (multiple lasers can go faster)
Blu-ray devices can read DVD's, and CD's. T/F?
T. Newer optical technology can read earlier optical tech.
Which keeps a users' setting and applications? Clean Install OR Upgrade?
Which eliminates older drivers and older bugs? Clean install or upgrade?
Lockups at boot? Press ___ and start ___ mode. Let it lock up again and reboot in __ mode to read the ntbtlog.txt file.
What is the problem with adding a hard drive with a different controller (on an add-on card)? What is the workaround?
The OS, once installed, is tied to the motherboard's hard drive controller. You need to hit f6 to load drivers for the add-on card's controller.
Windows NT Startup 4 steps: 1. Boot...
2. Kernel, 3. Session Manager, 4. Winlogon.
Boot Loader Phase (3)
1. NTLDR, 2. BOOT.INI, 3. NTDETECT.COM.
Vista AERO requires? CPU __ Mhz, Memory __ MB, HD __GB.
1 Ghz CPU, 1GB RAM, 40 GB HD.
Multi-Lingual User Interface devices support foreign languages, but is only available from the ___.
2 ways to start Services:
1. Control Panel>Admin Tools>Services>Service to start>start;
2. My Computer (Right Click)>Manage>Services and Applications>Services>Services to start>.
BEST way to insure data is removed from a HD before recycling? 2 options.
Remove HD and destroy it. Degauss w/ magnet.
The command "format C:\q" is a quick way to...
erase/reformat the C drive.
A great way to limit Internet usage in Vista is through what tool?
The "netstat" command does what?
(network statistics) is a command-line tool that displays network connections (both incoming and outgoing), routing tables, and a number of network interface statistics.
The "netstat" command with "-n" does what?
Displays active TCP connections, however, addresses and port numbers are expressed numerically and no attempt is made to determine names.
TCP/IP acronym for:
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP).
DHCP acronym for:
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is an autoconfiguration protocol used on IP networks. DHCP allows a computer to be configured automatically, eliminating the need for intervention by a network administrator. It also provides a central database for keeping track of computers that have been connected to the network. This prevents two computers from accidentally being configured with the same IP address.
One security benefit of enabling a Guest account for someone is...
Gives a person limited access to a shared machine.
2 paths to change a user PW:
1. Control Panel>User Accounts;
2. Control Panel>Administrative Tools>Computer Mgmt>Local Users & Groups>Users>(Right click) user.
The NTFS inheritance feature causes existing folders to inherit the same ______ of the existing folder.
Vista/7's volume shadow copy does what?
Automatically back-up copies of every file and folder. Allows access to previous versions of a file, even deleted ones.
A path to adjusting the page file (virtual memory)
Control Panel>System>Advanced>Performance (settings)>Advanced.
The default page file (virtual memory) is set at what multiple of RAM?
1.5 (x RAM).
Emergency Repair Disk (ERD) is a specially formatted bootable media used to...
restore a computer to a bootable state if the registry or other fundamental system components are damaged.
Automated System Recovery (ASR) in Windows XP and later OS'es that can be used to:
simplify recovery of a computer's system or boot volumes.
ERD and ASR require both ___ and ___ to work.
the OS CD-ROM... and the ERD/ASR backup.bkf file...
If you have a missing DLL message at boot/login, run ____
"sfc/scannow". (sfc=System File Checker, /scannow+scans all protected system files.)
Disk Management is located in____.
Administrative Tools>Computer Management.
If "the Windows security log is full" you need to increase... This may require authorization from a(n)....
the size of the log in Event Viewer... Admin.
Compatability mode allows you to run a previous version of ____ or tweak the specs of a running ____.
CHKDSK, scans for errors in ___ or invalid file names on HD.
CHKDSK can resolve problems with apps failing to start. T/F.
Autochk.exe is equivalent to _____, but is designed to run at Install and at ____.
The Recovery Console is a available pre or post OS launch?
The Recovery Console allows you to perform _____ tasks, i.e., BOOTCFG, DISKPART, FIXBOOT, FIXMBR.
BOOTCFG edits what file?
FIXBOOT writes a new what?
A new partition boot sector.
FIXMBR repairs what?
Master Boot Record.
Environment variables are strings that contain info such a drive, path, file name. They are edited in what path?