Criminology Final

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Criminology Final
2015-05-12 15:11:32
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  1. Which is not considered at violent crime?

    A. Murder
    B. Robbery
    C. Rape
    D. Theft
    B. Robbery

    Robbery is not a violent crime.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What is the statue of limitation on murder?
    No statue of limitation.
  3. There are ____ Indian country jails in the U.S.
    A. 80
    B. 2
    C. 7
    D. 15
    A. 80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which is an example of DNA bodily fluid evidence?
    A. Saliva
    B. Toe Nails
    C. Fingernails
    D. Hair
    A. Saliva 

    Saliva is an example of DNA bodily fluid.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. ____ refers to methods used to identify a person based on their unique physical characteristics such as fingerprints or facial configuration.
    A. Biometrics
    B. DNA profiling
    C. Civic profiling
    A. Biometrics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Accused parties referred to as....
  7. The degree of proof required in a civil case is...
    Preponderance of the evidence
  8. The degree of proof required in a criminal case is...
    Beyond a reasonable doubt
  9. Capital felonies in Texas are punishable by ____.
    None of the above
  10. Caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine are examples of ____ drugs.
  11. The most addictive licit drug is....
  12. Women are likely to be a victim of ___ in her life time.

    A. Rape
    B. Intimate partner violence
    C. Stalking
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  13. An intimate partner includes ex-boyfriends and girlfriends? (True/False)
  14. Laws or ordinances created by federal, state, and local legislative bodies refer too....
    Statutory Law
  15. A court decision that furnishes an example of authority for deciding subsequent cases involving similar facts refer to...
  16. A text that defines the general principles of criminal responsibility and defines specific offenses refers to...
    Model Penal Code
  17. Which is not one of the four types of Culpable Mental States?

    A. Willingly
    B. Knowingly
    C. Criminal Negligence
    D. Intentionally
    A. Willingly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Recklessly is a Culpable Mental State. (True/False)
  19. The easiest standard of the three tests for a defendant to meet is the...
    Substantial-Capacity Test
  20. A defense against criminal liability in which the defendant asserts the circumstances required them to commit an illegal act refer to...
  21. A pat-down of an individual for weapons for the purpose of the officer safety refers to...
  22. The 2nd most common type of a warrantless search is a pretext stop. (True/False)
  23. Searches for weapons or other evidence that are conducted on an arrested person refers to...
    Search Incident to an Arrest
  24. A written order based on probable cause and issued by a judge or magistrate to search and seize evidence of a specific person, property, or place refers to...
    Search Warrant
  25. Any evidence obtained by an unreasonable search or seizure is inadmissible in court. (True/False)
  26. The standard for a "reasonable expectation of privacy" occurred in which court case?
    Katz v. United States, 1967
  27. ___ refers to sufficient specific articulable facts and circumstances known to the officer that would lead a reasonable officer to believe that the person had committed an offense.
    Probable Cause
  28. Informants, personal observations, and evidence may be deemed as sources for probably cause. (True/False)
  29. There is a five-prong text for "expectation of privacy". (True/False)
  30. A stop of an automobile where the officer has cause to believe that a traffic violation or other wrongdoing has occurred refers to...
    Pretext Stop
  31. The internalization of good and practice of and/or bad behaviors refer to...
  32. Appropriate behaviors associated with one's profession refer to...
  33. Gratuities and Corruption are not considered ethical issues in law enforcement? (True/False)
  34. Sexual favors are not a form of corruption in law-enforcement. (True/False)
  35. Something given to all police officers as policy refer to...
  36. Gratuities can amount to 30% or more of an official's income. (True/False)
  37. The ideas of total or part rejection of trust, truth, and justice refer to...
  38. Five (5) of the ten (10) worst facilities for sexual assault of inmates are in ____.
  39. Which is not one of the ethical concerns for administrators in corrections?

    A. Sexual assaults
    B. Magazines
    C. Juveniles certified as adults
    D. Gay inmates
    B. Magazines

    Because they are magazines, there's literally no ethical concerns about what magazine is provided.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In two states, a firing squad can be chosen by an inmate as an alternative to lethal injection. (True/False)

    Utah and Oklahoma are the only two states.
  41. A time limit on the civil or criminal charges that can be brought upon an individual refers to...

    A. Necessity
    B. Entrapment
    C. Statue of limitation
    C. Statue of limitation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which Amendment notes a "speedy trial"?
    6th Amendment
  43. The statue of limitation for murder is.....
  44. The statue of limitation on misdemeanors is....

    A. 5 years
    B. 7 years
    C. 2 years
    C. 2 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. A jury pool is also referred to as...
    Master Jury List
  46. A student registered as a student in class can be excused from jury duty. True/False
  47. A proceeding where questions are asked of potential jurors by both each attorney to determine whether they are biased or have any connection with the defendant or witness refers to...
    Voir Dire
  48. A witness who can testify on a fact in question without having any specialized training or knowledge refers to...
    Lay Witness
  49. The questioning of an opposing witness refers to...
    Cross Examination
  50. ____ established the Crime Victims Fund to provide financial aid for crime victims refers to...

    A. Katz v. United States
    B. Restorative justice
    C. Victim of Crime Act of 1984
    C. Victim of Crime Act of 1984
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Retribution, deterrence, protect society, and rehabilitation are four reasons for....

    A. Restorative justice
    B. Sentencing
    C. Good Time
    B. Sentencing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Texas crime victim claims may be approved for benefits up to a total of $___.
  53. A fixed period of incarceration not set by a judge but through legislation refers to indeterminate sentencing. True/False
  54. Juveniles in Texas may receive a determinate sentence of ___ in prison.
    40 years
  55. A state laws requiring offenders to serve as least 85% of their sentence with no time off for good time refers to....
    Truth in Sentencing
  56. Texas has a three-strikes law. True/False
  57. A reduction in time served by an inmate refers to...
    Good Time
  58. According to the handout "Gender and Racial Statistics of Death Row Offenders". how many total persons are on death row?

    A. 276
    B. 212
    C. 333
    D. 100
    A. 276
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. An inmate can accrue good conduct time according to the inmate's classification. The general time is __ for each __ days.

    A. 20, 30
    B. 5, 18
    C. 15, 25
    D. 5, 20
    A. 20, 30
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. According to the handout "Gender and Racial Statistics of Death Row Offenders", how many are Black male?

    A. 110
    B. 75
    C. 65
    A. 110
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Which is not one of the two largest private prison companies?
    Santa Fe Prisons
  62. Which is not one of the three models of prison?
    A. Custodial
    B. Maxium
    C. Rehabilitation
    B. Maxium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Offenders convicted of misdemeanor charges are sent to prison. True/False
  64. Offenders convicted of state of state jail felonies are sent to....
    State Jail
  65. The largest number of persons sent to TDCJ come from Harris County and Dallas Counties. True/False
  66. Minimum security custody levels are ____.
    A. 5b-8
    B. 1 and 2
    C. 3-5a
    A. 5b-8
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Community supervision is formerly known as ____.
    Adult Probation
  68. A residential facility with focus on reintegration of offenders back into the community after a period of incarceration refers to...
    Halfway House
  69. As of August 31, 2013, the oldest person in TDCJ was ____.
  70. As of August 31, 2013, the youngest person in TDCJ was....
  71. As of August 31, 2013, the average length of sentence for inmates in TDCJ was....
    18 years
  72. Anyone who, under the age of his/her majority, has committed one or more acts that would be crimes if adults committed them refers to....
    Juvenile Delinquency
  73. A runaway or curfew violation is an example of ___.
    Status Offender
  74. ____ established juveniles rights to criminal court standard of "beyond a reasonable doubt"
    In re Winship (1970)
  75. Twenty-three states do not allow for jury trials of juveniles under any circumstances. True/False
  76. The US Supreme Court concluded that after a juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent for a particular offense, the youth cannot be tried again as an adult in criminal court for that same offense.
    Breed v. Jones (1975)
  77. ___ refers to a theory that inmate aggression is the result of the frustration inmates feel at being deprived of freedom, consumer goods, sex, and other items outside the institution.
    Deprivation Model
  78. Which is not one of the most common ailments of inmates in state and federal facilities?
    A. Headaches
    B. Hypertension
    C. Asthma
    D. Tuberculosis
    A. Headaches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. ____ was the most common chronic condition reported by prisoners and jail inmates.
    High blood pressure
  80. Which is not one of the top three mental health issues among inmates nationwide?
    A. Conduct Disorder
    B. Mania
    C. Psychotic disorders
    D. Major depression
    A. Conduct Disorder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)