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Wholesale Slaughter: Buffalo Hunting
- buffalo scale estimated from 25,000,000
- to 400
- this pressure on bison was being exercised by westerners and native americans
- the disapperaring of the bison made life difficult for comanche's who based their livelihood off of this
Medicine Lodge Treaty (1867)
- 3 treaties signed between US government and comanche's in order to bring peace to the area by relocating them to reservations
- some chose to relocate
- those that did not move to reservations were sought out and forced
- quanah parker emerges from this episode
Battle of adobe wall (I & II)
red river war
battle of palo duro canyon
- emerged as a war chief
- refused reservation life
- he was the last comache warrior to enter reservation
- Battle of Adobe Walls (First Battle) - Kit Carson was tasked to invade comancheria like john ford had done before technically illegally, but it was no longer problematic by this time to do so
- K.Carson attacks a camp of other native americans who then run off to the comanche's informing them of this. 1000 comanche's vs. 300 calvary - carson had the use of Howitzers to his advantage. Both sides fought and retreated out and yet both claimed victory.
- Second Battle (1874) - quanah parker actively participated in this. new weapon technology was used at this time.
- The Red River War - initiated by Isa-tai (White Eagle) who suggested that he was invincible to bullets - he led a large frontier of raids. Captain/Colonel Ranald MacKenzie was tasked to pursude comanche to go onto the reservations. Isa tai basically gives up but quanah does not. basically a cat and mouse game between the two.
- Battle of Palo Duro Canyon - brought an end to red river way when quanah parker agrees to go onto a reservation.
Post Civil War
- Battle of Blanco Canyon (1871) - marked first time the Comanches had been attacked in the heart of their homeland. It signified the end of Comanche control.
- Fort Sill (est. 1869) used to be called Camp Wichita built right in the core of comanche empire
- 2nd phase of his life began here
- assimilated and adopted western culture
- became a rancher
- befriended Burke Burnett a successful rancher; learned skills from him; leased out his land to burnett
- learned english, adopted western style clothing and style, built star house with burnett
- had multiple wives and children
- adopted christianity, but still meshed with comanche beliefs
- he used burnett to seek out his mother
- informed of her death
- decided to repatriate his mother by moving her grave to his lands in 1910
- Quanah Parker (d. 1911)